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South Korea Presentation
Transcript of South Korea Presentation
White background - Peace and Purity
Center - Yin and Yang
Symbols - Four Universal Elements South Korea's President - Lee Myung Bak
South Korea's Prime Minister - Kim Hwang-sik
State Council includes the President, Prime Minister, and 15 to 30 Ministry Heads
Members of the 299-seat National Assembly (Kuk Hoe) are elected to four-year terms.
Government is divided into executive, judicial and legislative branches.
Careful system of checks and balances.
Always had a president system with a relatively independent chief executive.
Voting age is 19 The currency is the woŏn (KRW).
In the 1960’s it earned a position as one of the Four Dragons of East Asia.
In the late 1990’s there were strikes, a large budget deficit, political scandals, bankruptcies, and foreign competition. All these factors made South Korea vulnerable to the economic crisis that passed through Asia.
The nation's chaebol (huge conglomerates) did not follow complete economic policies and began to fail.
Since they have a heavy dependence on international trade, the economy became vulnerable to worldwide and regional downturns.
Chief agricultural products include rice, barley, vegetables, and fish.
7 percent of South Korea's labor force is in agriculture and lives in rural villages, cultivating small plots or collective farms.
25 percent of the labor force works in industry (mainly mining and manufacturing).
More than half is involved in service occupations.
Major industries include textiles and clothing, chemicals, steel, electronics, and automobiles. Education is deeply respected in Korean culture and is considered a virtue in Confucianism, a philosophy that permeates Korean society.
Education is seen as a key to success, respect, and power.
Elementary – Ages 6-12
Middle School – Ages 12-15
High School – Ages 15-18
Advanced education – 2 or 4 years
Core subjects include Korean, English, and mathematics—the subjects of the university entrance exam. Less emphasis is placed on art, music, and physical education.
To enter a university, students must pass exceptionally competitive and demanding entrance exams.
Though public and private high schools with a general curriculum are available, students can also attend schools that specialize in science and art, or vocational schools for careers that don't require university education.
Non-specialized high schools function primarily as institutions concerned with getting children into good universities. There is evidence that South Korea had advanced stages of civilization which was shown in their architectural designs, monuments, literature, are and ethical codes.
They were the first to invent the marine compass during the 15th century.
Old culture shows that they had high grade pottery.
Korean Art was greatly praised by westerners.
They created the wooden submarine. They invented and used this during the Korean-Japanese war.
Korean cars have made a huge impact on US economics due to the quality of the vehicles as well as incentives such as gas mileage, and great warranties.
Korean Literature has also made a great impact on the world.
Many Korean movies have been remade in Hollywood as American films, such as The Lake House, and The Uninvited.
Korean music is an underground phenomenon in the US. South Korea covers 38,502 sq. miles This makes it slightly larger than the US state of Indiana
Borders - North Korea at 38th Parallel
65% of territory is forested
20% is suitable for cultivation
East has hills and mountains
West and south has plains
Climate - Temperate and very humid Korea was divided into many kingdoms more than 2,000 years ago
Three most important were the Shilla (57 BC), Goguryeo (37 BC), Paekche (18 BC)
Shilla dynasty united the three warring kingdoms in 668 AD and developed a rich Buddhist culture
The Koryo kingdom flourished on the peninsula in 935 AD
The Choson dynasty was established in 1392 after a Koryo general (Yi Song-Gye) seized power and declared himself king
Choson dynasty ruled for 500 years while constantly warring with China and Japan
1910 - Korea annexed by Japan
1945 - The Korean peninsula was split by Russian and US forces to accept surrender from the Japanese troops; this split caused many problems
1950 - North Korea invaded South Korea, starting The Korean War
1960 - President Syngman Rhee resigned due to pressures over accusations of corruption
1961 - Military coup headed by General Park Chung Hee, led to his election as President in 1963
1979 - President Park Chung Hee was assasinated
1980 - Student demonstrations brought down interim government. General Chun Doo Hwan appointed President.
1987 - President Chun stepped down, and General Roh Tae Woo was elected as new President
1992 - Kim Young Sam won elections to become first civilian President
1998 - Kim Dae Jung elected President after former President was plagued by scandals, the Asian economic crisis of 1997, and the bankruptcy of Hanbo Steel Industry Company
2002 - Roh Moo Hyun elected President and led talks with Pyongyang, the capital of North Korea, for the reunification of Korea
2008 - Lee Myung Bak elected President, taking a tougher stance on negotiations with North Korea
2010 - South Korean warship sunk, allegedly by North Korean torpedo. Hostilities increased when North Korea fired on Yeonpyeong, a small island in contested waters of the Yellow Sea. Traditional Korean families live with members of the extended family with a strong sense of obligation among its members.
Often perceived as a burden, the oldest son traditionally looks after the well being of his parents after they become too old to take care of themselves.
The father is the head of the family, and is treated with the greatest respect, followed by the oldest son.
Traditional Korean families have men as the primary providers with women being responsible for the supervision of household duties and raising of the children.
Modern Korean families have both parents working to supplement living expenses and the education of children, which can be costly due to a significant emphasis on higher quality education, and even though both parents work, the women are still expected to oversee the maintenance of the home.
This expectation has led to the third lowest birthrate in the world, due to women delaying both marriage and childbirth to establish careers.
Koreans keep detailed genealogies with records dating back many centuries including a person's birth, relations, achievements, and place of burial.
Baseball, basketball, soccer, and volleyball are the most popular sports in South Korea.
Most children enjoy Taekwondo and most men have expereience with it from their two years of required military service.
Karaoke is a very popular leisure activity, along with card games, especially "Go, Stop!", billiards, a form of wrestling called Sirom, and Jokgu. Current South Korean President, Lee Myung Bak Koreans celebrating Foundation Day Population - 48,754, 657. 82% of the population live in urban areas.
Seoul is the Capital and largest city, followed by Busan, Daegu, Incheon.
99% of the population is of Korean descent, while 2% of the population has foreign citizenship.
99% of males are literate
97% of females are literate
Life Expectancy of males is 76 years old, and 82 years old for females.
Hangul is the main language of Korea, it was created in 1446 because classical Chinese was difficult to master. Hangul made it possible for the commoner to read and write, but was not commonly used until the late 19th century and early 20th century.
Hanja is a Korean language with Chinese influence. Koreans had to read and write in Hanja until King Sejong The Great made Hangul an official written language.
South Korea's birthrate is the third lowest in the world, before 2010 it was the lowest. In 2009 it was projected that South Korea's population would fall by 13%. After this report the birthrate increased by 5.7%, making it only the third lowest following Japan and Taiwan. online.culturegrams.com
Google Images, searching - South Korea, demographics, geography, history, South Korean President, Korean Won, Korean classroom, Korean family, Korean Holiday, Korean Pottery, traditional Korean painting.
USC Digital Library
Wikipedia Myung Whun Chung
Pianist and Conductor
Cultural Embassador for South Korea True or False? 1. Buddhism is the foundation for South Korea's everyday values. T or F
2. 99% of South Korea's population is of Korean descent. T or F
3. Voting age in South Korea is 20 years old. T or F
4. Excluding the Korean War, South Korea's history is one of peaceful prosperity. T or F
5. Education is considered a virtue in Confucianism. T or F The Korean Language Wouldn't you like to learn Korean?
Well now you can!
Kim will teach you some common phrases in "Hangul" which is the main language of Korea. Go, Stop! This is a typical Korean card game, that Ralph will teach you momentarily.
The general point of this game is to score a minimum number of points, usually three or seven, and then call a "Go" or a "Stop" (this is where the name of the game is derived from). When a "Go" is called, the game continues, and the amount of points or money is first increased, and then doubled, tripled, quadrupled and so on, though the latter being very rare. If a "Stop" is called, the game ends and the winner collects their winnings. Two Koreans show their pride by painting the Korean flag on their faces. A modern age Korean Family Map of South Korea Former President Syngman Rhee Currency - Won Typical Classroom for a 6th grade class in South Korea Traditionally styled South Korean Family Confucianism is the main ideology of South Korea.
26% - Christians
23% - Buddhists
Although 49% of the population believes in some sort of religious dogma, Confucianistic ideals are prevalent throughout most of the country.
Status is tiered based on this Confucian philosophy. It is differentiated by age, gender, education, family background, wealth, occupation, and political ideology. Age is the most important factor when determining status in Korean society.
Greetings, gestures, personal appearance, eating, marriage, and dating all are affected by this tiered philosophy.
All South Korean men between the ages of 20 and 30 must enlist in the military.
New Year - Three day celebration. 1st through the 3rd of January. Korean's celebrate both the international and lunar New Year. During the International New Year, families gather to honor the dead. During the Lunar New Year, Koreans usually go on vacation, either visiting their hometowns or vacationing at resorts.
Independence Movement Day - March 1st
Children's Day - May 5th
Buddha's Birthday - The 8th day of the fourth lunar month. While only 23% of Koreans are considered Buddhists, Buddha's Birthday is celebrated by all Koreans.
Memorial Day - June 6th. Honors those who died in the Korean War and the Japanese Occupation.
Independence Day - August 15th. This celebrates their liberation from the Japanese Occupation in 1945.
National Foundation Day - October 3rd
Christmas - December 25 Korean Architecture Marine Compass Embroidered Screen with Longevity Symbols Korean Pottery Prototype for a Wooden Submarine Kay Kim Richards book of her own poetry Kim Foley
EDUC 305D Summary Hyundai is a popular car manufacturer from South Korea Both versions of "The Lake House" Girls' Generation a Kpop group Although Confucianism is prevalent throughout South Korea, causing their family values and structures to vary from ours here in the US, we are not so different at the end of the day. Both nations emphasize an importance of the education of children, have democratic governments, share many of the same holidays, and both have a deep pride for their country.