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Dead Sea Scrolls

presentation on the dead sea scrolls

Matthew Meyer

on 10 December 2010

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Transcript of Dead Sea Scrolls

Dead Sea Scrolls The dead sea scrolls were discovered in eleven caves along the northwest shore of the Dead sea between the years 1947 and 1956.
825-870 seperate scrolls were identified made mostly of animal skins but also papyrus and one made of copper.
They are written with a carbon based ink, from right to left on the manuscript. What are The Dead Sea Scrolls?
Tens of thousands of fragments were recovered from the caves all from the hebrew bible
accidentally discovered by an Arab boy in 1947
They are called the greatest manuscripts discovery of all time The temple scroll is perhaps the longest scroll found in cave 11, and is said to be over 28 feet in length.
It describes a Jewish temple which has never been built and along with temple practices and sacrifices.
The scroll is written in the form of a revelation of God to Moses and that Moses instructions were most likely ignored when Solomon built the first temple. The copper scroll is one of the most mysterious scrolls found in cave 3.
It gives a list of 64 underground hiding places throughout the land of Israel
Messianic Prophecy
The Dead Sea Scrolls are made up of the oldest group of old testament manuscripts ever found.
The Messianic prophecies that are contained in today's old testament are exactly the same that existed before Jesus lived on the earth.
This shows that Jesus was the Messiah that the Jews were looking for.
The major texts from caves 1-11 were published and are now housed in a Jerusalem museum called "The Shrine of Books."

The ancient ruins of Qumran are next to the caves and were excavated around the 1950's because of a relative connection with the dead sea scrolls. Although most of the scrolls were written in hebrew, many were written in Aramaic because it was a common language for the Jews in the last two centuries B.C.
There are also very few written in Greek as well.
Prophecies were discovered on many of the scrolls including prophecies by Ezekiel, Jeremiah, and Daniel that don't appear in the bible. The Essenes were the people that most likely wrote the dead sea scrolls from about 200 B.C. to 68 A.D.
They were very strict Torah observant and also very apocalyptic in nature.
They were sectarian
The "Teacher of Righteousness" was the leader/priest of the Essenes and he was very opposed and possibly killed by the priesthood in Jerusalem.
Dead sea scrolls contain mainly beliefs of the Essenes. Even though the Qumran existed during the time of Jesus their is no mention of Him in the scrolls or any of his desciples. The Dead Sea Scrolls are divided into two categories: biblical and non-biblical.
Pieces of every book of the old testament have been discovered in the dead sea scrolls except for the book of Esther. The "War Scroll" was also recovered and is said to contain battle/war plans at the end of time.
"Sons of Light vs. sons of darkness"
Full transcript