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Social Change and Education
Transcript of Social Change and Education
Purpose of Seminar
Technological Changes in Education
Responses and Future Prospects for Technology in Schools
Group Reflection and Discussion Professional Standards ACTIVITY NOTES!
List potential technological advancements and jot down some points about what they will mean for teachers and education. Unit Outcomes ACTIVITY NOTES!
Reflect on past changes to technology and their impact on the classroom:
What remained? Past Changes to Technology ACTIVITY NOTES!
Outline modern inventions and their use in the classroom
Consider and evaluate education's ability to change with technology. Modern Responses to Technological Change Future Technologies Past Changes to Educational Technology Timeline 3500 BCE Evidence of writing 1200 BCE Greek Alphabet 389 BCE Plato Founds Academy BCE AD 100 New Testament Written 750 Arabic Paper Making 1440 Printing Press 1564 Graphite Discovered 1635 First US Public School 1651 First Modern Library 1660 First Graphite Pencil Invented 1801 Slate Blackboards used in the USA 1872 QWERTY Was Invented to Improve Printing 1890 School slates used in most classrooms in US and around the world. 1901 Radio Sent and Received Across the Atlantic Ocean 1930 Overhead Projector Invented 1958 First Office Photocopying Machine 1961/1962 PLATO System online/First used in K-12 schools 1964 IBM Invents "Selectric Typewriter" using magnetic tape. 1967 First Hand-held Calculator 1968 First Computer Mouse 1975 Altair 880 releases first Build-your-own-computer kit (first PC) 1977 Apple releases first computer
VCR invented 1978 Hyperstudio released allowing for data to be stored on diskette, CD-ROM or the internet 1984 Commodore 64 Released;
Apple Macintosh Released;
CD-ROM Drives Released to Public
The first LCD Data Projector was invented 1989 World Wide Web Becomes available from Switzerland 1995 Webquests available to classrooms all over the world for the first time
Whiteboards take over Blackboards 1991 First interactive whiteboard invented by SMART Technologies inc. Standard 6
6. Integrate information and communication technologies to enhance student learning.
6.1 Determine students’ learning needs in relation to the use of available information and communication
6.2 Select learning strategies and resources based on the use of information and communication technologies to cater
for students’ learning needs and styles.
6.3 Create learning experiences in which students actively use information and communication technologies to
organise, research, interpret, analyse, communicate and represent knowledge.
6.4 Evaluate the effectiveness of teaching and learning approaches based on the use of information and
6.5 Use information and communication technologies to access and manage information on student learning. Standard 4
4. Construct relevant learning experiences that connect with the world beyond school.
4.1 Devise learning goals and learning experiences that build on students’ prior knowledge, life experiences, and
4.2 Engage students in learning experiences that integrate ideas, concepts and information across curriculum areas.
4.3 Provide learning experiences that establish connections with the world beyond the classroom.
4.4 Develop learning experiences that involve students in examining study, work and leisure in the future.
4.5 Design learning experiences that foster personal initiative and enterprise. Changes in Education and the Influence of ICT 2001+ Birth of portable internet devices 2. Reflectively examine contemporary education systems, including Catholic schooling. 3. Analyse and apply research evidence to the study of learning and development. 4. Critically examine the basic assumptions, principles and concepts of contemporary educational theories and reflect on implications for practice. 5. Critically examine and apply understandings of student characteristics using socio-cultural and developmental theories to learning and teaching across the primary school. 6. Delineate factors that need to be considered in creating effective learning environments. 7. Work collaboratively within learning groups and present tasks in clear, organised and literate manner that meets required tertiary standards. Interactive Activity Each student is to take notes on the key points of the lecture.
4 modes of note taking are available: 1 2 3 4 19th century-style slate with chalk Pen and Paper Laptop with choice of Word, OneNote, Evernote, Google Docs Ipad or Android Tablet Standard 4 & Standard 6 Modern Responses to Technological Change 1.Critically examine the influence of social, cultural, ecological change on students and schooling in Australia The way we access, share and use information has changed. The computer is the central access point for:
data from the internet,
printing and publishing of resources and assignments,
Projectors and Smart Boards List the skills that you are NOT confident in that are listed here The computer has become the key invention for teaching in the classroom The Time-Traveling Surgeon and Teacher “A mid-nineteenth-century surgeon is magically transported through time to a modern operating theatre. Once there, he finds himself completely at a loss to know what to do or how to help.
In contrast, a mid-nineteenth-century teacher is transported through the years to a modern classroom. Once there, he picks up seamlessly where his modern peer left off” (Facer, 2011, p2). How true is this statement?
Could a nineteenth-century teacher teach in a school today without additional training?
Why not? Pencil mass produced slowly replacing school slate. Three Key Areas of Technology and Social Change Literature Teacher and Student Discourses Towards Technology in Schools Inequalities Caused by Technology Future Prospects of Schools and Technology Schools exist in a world that is radically different from the past. Information Communication Technologies (ICT) have played a critical role in the worldwide changes that have occurred in the last few decades. The World Wide Web provides a volume of information and learning resources. Web 2.0 applications, such as social networking,collaborative work, play spaces, blogs, and publication places for creative products used by children and adults. Developments result in a chasm between the world of information/knowledge production and with the way we learn in and out of schools. 1.Increased computing power comes at reduced cost over time
Moore’s law states that computing power doubles every year while new technology holds it cost.
A competitive apple computer today will cost $1199, while the competing machine from apple in 1984 cost “under $1300” 2. There will be a shift towards ubiquitous computing and the merging of digital and physical artefacts. iCloud, dropbox, google drive, google docs are all “cloud-based” services reliant on distant machines and computing power to operate once local tasks such as data storage and word processing. Barcodes, Identification items, credit cards all have digital signatures or radio frequency identification (RFID) tags. This assists the merging of physical items into one device. 3. Dramatically improved AV communications taken for granted by the public
Everyone in this room carries a mobile communication device. Most (if not all) are capable of video communication.
Software from Google, Skype, Microsoft, Apple and Nokia have made it possible over the years to communicate on-the-go. Hardware changes improve connections, data transfer and distance.
I have contacted my brother in England over Skype for a face to face communication! 4. Living dependence on technological devices and taking technology for granted.
Machines to be embedded into human bodies
Future of artificial intelligence
Increased network systems and connections with other network systems 5. Social, personal and institutional network development
Network organisations allows organisations to rapidly out-communicate those outside them -adapt quicker to change.
Increase demands for public organisations on building the capacity to manage and mobilise social networks to form part of personal social capital. 6. Biosciences will produce unpredictable breakthroughs and learn more about ourselves
“Massive computer power opens up the capacity to observe and intervene at a molecular level in the brain and the body in a range of disciplines with potential implications for education, from neuroscience, to cosmetic pharmacology to genetics” (Facer, 2011, p. 13).
New technologies help explain human behaviour and bring new knowledge for the emergence of social sciences with the physical sciences in terms of policy making and practice. 7. Population is ageing globally.
“Declining fertility and increasing longevity is leading to produce a globally ageing population," (Facer, 2011, p 13).
Our Global issue: ‘Century of Maturity’ - a pattern of inequality where we have some groups of the global population have the ability to extend their life expectancies and some groups suffering from the inability to access quality health-care.
These ageing patterns can cause: international migration due to environmental degradation and resource scarcity, demand for skilled labour and increase of movement of people of all economic levels. 8. Energy, mineral resources, global warming and climate change will remain significant issues.
As the world’s energy consumption continue to rise at an alarming rate, so does the environmental issues that surrounds us.
Environment issues that are of major concern includes: the levels of Carbon Dioxide in the atmosphere, continual extraction and use of Fossil Fuels instead of replacing with alternative energy resource. 9. National and Global inequalities.
Like in the 1800's, some classes of people are unable to catch up with what it means to live in our 21st century society.
These inequality patterns disrupt smooth generation change and technological progress. Activity Summary Around the room, share some of the positive and negative aspects of your particular note-taking device. Give a suggestion toward how you could implement or improve your device for the use in classrooms. Discussion Questions Which technological device do you think changed the way we teach the most? How prepared (ICT-wise) do you feel for facing the classroom and its technology? How did you Learn in schools and what technology was available then? Presentation Overview Technology Time-line
Key Inventions in Education What it means to be a teacher in the 21st century
Responding to the changes in technology Three Key Areas of Technology and Social Change Literature:
Teacher and Student Discourses Towards Technology in Schools
Inequalities Caused by Technology
Future Prospects of Schools and Technology We live in the age of technology - “information age, information society” and computers are the tools for the future of education.
Computers were first used as teaching machines - they act as the new instructors of students
Next, computers were viewed as an education tool - they are a source of information, communication and information manipulation device to allow students to construct, retrieve and manipulate information.
The nature of the computer environment and its ‘correct’ utilisation allows benefits to accrue to the student, most usually through allowing students to perform tasks which they could not otherwise perform. (Preston, 2003) (Sutherland, et al., 2004) Social-cultural theory:
Students communicate and learn from each other.
ICT is form of media from which they communicate and learn.
Emphasis on out-of-school learning through the means of ICT and social media.
Teachers need to be capable of utilising these tools to enhance student learning and fostering the content to the newly developed learning styles and modes.
Teachers should be careful not to replace themselves with ICT but to use it as any other teaching tool in the past. The Love of Embracing Change Key Points:
Technology as A tool not THE tool.
Technology not just for preparation for the work place
working formal and informal learning together. Digital Natives, Life-long Learners Digital Natives describes children as natural citizens of the new world order
Computers are seen as the all-powerful symbols of the newly globalizing economic world
Children use computers more naturally than previous generations.
Major focus point for many educational institutions to review traditional modes of teaching.
Child-like qualities and learning styles enable children to adapt to today's world rather than traditional values of an adult (i.e. constancy, stability, experience, expertise, etc).
(Facer, 2011) Preparing students for the future Students face a future of jobs not yet created.
digital editing tools are various in number and are constantly being updated.
the school can act as a laboratory to design and model new strategies and ways of thinking.
teach students to understand software in music, design, video, etc.
"A future building school is a space through which students and communities can rethink their assumptions about what is possible and impossible." (Facer, 2011, p107). 9 Conditions to Enable Future Building Schools 1. Build new governance and accountability arrangements for schools.
2. ensure that schools have the right to create a local curriculum.
3. Build tools for mapping students' and schools' wider education ecology
4. reconnect education with housing, economic, transport and environmental policies.
5. assess for competency, not certification.
6. rethink child protection policy
7. rethink teacher education and build a programme of public engagement with education.
8. build school university collaborations to democratise research.
9. develop an ethical code for the educational use of digital and bio technologies. (Facer, 2011) (Facer, 2011, p. 128-132) References Allen, J. (Ed.). (2004). Sociology of education: Possibilities and practices (3rd ed.). South Melbourne, Australia: Cengage Learning Australia.
Apple (2012). Apple press info: iPod + iTunes timeline. Apple. Accessed September 4, 2012, from http://www.apple.com/pr/products/ipodhistory/
Christensen, R. (2002). Effects of Technology Integration Education on the Attitudes of Teachers and Students. Journal of Research on Technology in Education. 34(4). Accessed on September 13, 2012, from EBSCOhost.
Facer, A. (2011). Learning futures: Education, technology and social change. New York, NY: Routledge.
Graham, J. (2005). Video websites pop up, invite postings. USA Today. Accessed September 4, 2012, from http://www.usatoday.com/tech/news/techinnovations/2005-11-21-video-websites_x.htm
Microsoft Corp. (2012). A history of Windows:Highlights from the first 25 years. Microsoft Windows. Accessed September 4, 2012, from http://windows.microsoft.com/en-US/windows/history
Philips, S. (2007). A brief history of Facebook. The Guardian. Accessed on September 6, 2012, from http://www.guardian.co.uk/technology/2007/jul/25/media.newmedia
Pridgen, A. (2012). A brief history of dropbox [Infographic]. Activ8social. Accessed on September 6, 2012, from http://activ8social.com/2012/04/08/brief-history-of-dropbox-infographic/
Sutherland, R., Armstrong, V., Barnes, S., Brawn, R., Breeze, N., Gall, M., Matthewman, S., Olivero, F., Taylor, A., Triggs, P., Wishart, J. & John, P. (2004). Transforming teaching and learning: Embedding ICT into everyday classroom practices. Journal of computer assisted learning. 20(6). pp. 413-425. accessed on August 10, 2012, from EBSCOHost.
Yadav, M. (2011). History of Android. Tech 2 Crack. Accessed on September 6, 2012, from http://www.tech2crack.com/history-android/ Teacher Attitudes in Using Technology past studies have shown that successful use of computers in the classroom depends on the positive attitudes of the teacher towards the use of computers and their extent of experience with computer technology.
teachers’ anxiousness and negative attitudes towards technology is due to:
Little exposure to technology,
Little experience with using technology.
If teachers are confident and are competent in using technology, then they will feel comfortable teaching while using technology in the classroom.
This helps foster students’ positive attitudes towards using computers and technology in their learning.