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Precautions To Geohazards
Transcript of Precautions To Geohazards
By: Dominique Bradley & Monica Mackins
An earthquake is the result of a sudden release of energy in the Earth's crust that creates seismic waves, causing the Earth to shake in violent movements. Earthquakes have been one of the most popular geoharzards that cause the most damage and destruction to Earth. Since earthquakes are very violent there are many precautions you can do before, during, and after one.
A tsunamis is a series of water waves caused by the displacement of a large volume of a body of water, generally an ocean or a large lake. All tsunamis are different which it why some are dangerous but others are deadly. There are also precautions that you can take before, during, and after a tsunamis.
Sinkholes occur when the ground becomes oversaturated with water.
Here are some safety tips
Keep children far away
Make sure others are aware from the sinkhole
Don't throw waste into the sinkhole
Don't use sinkhole as a drainage system
Call police due to life threatening issues.
What is a landslide? Well a landslide is a sudden downhill movement of the earth or any other solid material caused by rainfall,or an area being to steep. It also may be triggered after an earthquake saturation. Precautions can be taken during a landslide.
Before An Earthquake
Do not put heavy artwork, mirrors, or shelves over beds.
Plan alternative commuting routes in case an earthquake damages roads.
Teach all family members basic first aid, how to behave during a quake, and what to do after a quake.
Be sure both old and new buildings meet earthquake construction requirements.
Set up a family meeting location in a safe area.
Keep cell phones charged and replace emergency kit supplies as necessary to keep them usable.
During An Earthquake
During a landslide
Take cover under a sturdy item
Try get out the path of the mudslide or landslide.
Run to the nearest high elevated piece of land.
If rocks or debris are approaching run to shelter or trees.
If your not able to escape curl in a tight bundle and protect your head.
Do not take elevators during an earthquake.
If cooking, turn off heating elements immediately.
Immediately seek a safe location such as in a doorway (if you live in an old, adobe house that is not reinforced), beneath a table or desk, or along an interior wall away from windows or hazardous objects.
Cover the back of your head and your eyes to minimize injury from flying debris.
After An Earthquake
Be prepared for aftershocks, which may be stronger than the initial jolt.
Be cautious opening cabinets, cupboards, and closets in case items may be poised to fall.
Tend injuries immediately and summon emergency assistance if necessary.
Wear shoes at all times to avoid stepping on broken glass.
After a landslide
Before & During A Tsunami
Know your local community's suggested evacuation routes to safe areas, where shelter can be provided while you await the "all clear"
Stay away from the beach – do not go down to watch a tsunami come.
After A Tsunami
Stay away from flooded and damaged areas until officials say it is safe to go back.
Check food supplies – any food that has come in contact with flood waters should be thrown out because it may be contaminated.
Stay away from debris in the water – it could cause health and safety risks.
Groundwater pollution is a type of pollution which occurs when groundwater becomes contaminated. Things that are the main cause for groundwater pollution are sewage, prescription medications, agricultural chemicals, microorganisms, road salt, landfill seepage, petroleum products, chemicals, and hazardous waste such as nuclear waste. There are some things we can do to help prevent groundwater pollution from happening.
Stay away from the slide area
Check the area for any injured people
Listen to the radio or television for any information on what you should do
A flood is a overflowing of water in a area.
Here are some safety tips that can help you know what to do during one:
Don't walk or drive over flooded areas
If you are driving and a flood starts to occur turn around and go back the other way
Do not enter or try to swim in the water
Stay away from power lines
Stay alert for further information on your local weather channel
DO catch leaks before they spill onto the floor and dispose of the residue in the appropriate waste container.
DO use reusable absorbent pads to absorb oil and dispose the pads in an appropriate waste container
DO use a non-toxic floor cleaner that meets local sewer facility standards.
DON'T allow floor cleaning waste water to flow into a septic tank or drain (inside or outside) leading to a ditch, stream, lake or dry well.
DON'T put used absorbents into drains or on the ground.
DON'T mix used non-hazardous absorbent materials with used hazardous absorbents.