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Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.
Transcript of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.
Where: Atlanta, Georgia Early Childhood Parents ~ Michael and
Siblings ~ Willie Christine and
Alfred Daniel Williams * Father fought against
racial prejudice, and discouraged
class superiority to his children* Education
started school at age 5
skipped 9th and 11th grade in Brooker T. Washington High School *** Extremely Intelligent Student*** Morehouse College in Atlanta, in 1944
Earned Sociology Degree
Grant at Liberal Crozer Theological Seminary in Chester, PA
Doctorate in Theology from Boston University in 1955 Reinhold Niebuhr - most important influence on MLK Marriage and Job Wife: Coretta Scott
Married in 1953
had 4 children moved to Montgomery, Alabama
Pastor of Dexter Avenue Baptist Church Assassination "I've seen the promised land. I may not get there
with you. But I want you to know tonight, that we,
as a people, will get to the promised land." Day before assassination, MLK stated; Died: April 4, 1968
to lead protest with sanitation workers
standing on Lorraine motel room balcony
got struck by sniper's bullet Assassin was James Earl Ray sentenced to 99 years in prison
died April 23, 1998 (within 30 years
in prison) Lasting Legacy Thank You! "I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin, but by the content of their character."
-Martin Luther King Jr. Beliefs • African American and Caucasian equality.
Did not understand why they were segregated, but wanted to peacefully protest for his beliefs Inspirations- Mahatma Gandhi
Admired peaceful approach to protests Inspirations Montgomery Bus Boycott •African- American woman named Rosa Parks refused to give up seat to a white man and was eventually arrested
•There was a citywide ban on public transit in Montgomery Montgomery Bus Boycott • November 13, 1956- ruling placed, African Americans free to sit wherever they wanted
Rejoiced at victory •Goals of march: No segregation in public schools, $2 minimum wage for workers, self-government for Washington, D.C as opposed to a congressional committee March on Washington •Famous "I Have a Dream" speech occured here
Short, but soon became on of most well-known speeches in history Speech King's beliefs ≠ white American's beliefs
Gained support worldwide, Americans felt threatened
Best way to make sure dreams don't become reality= assassination Why? Rumored to be government conspiracy
Not very popular belief
Could have been in collaboration with U.S. Government Additional Theories *Member of National Association
for the Advancement of Colored People South Christian Leadership Conference
ideas > Christianity
operational techniques > Gandhi
1957-1968 traveled over 6 million miles, spoke over 2500 times, led hundreds of protests 1959 elected president Birmingham Campaign Protest for equal rights in Alabama (1963)
Not all followed peaceful ways
Eventually arrested, led him to write Letter to Birmingham Won in 1964
Won becuase of hard work and dedication throughout his life Nobel Peace Prize