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Wind Power Presentation

Group 12

Joana B

on 4 December 2012

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Transcript of Wind Power Presentation

What is wind? How and when has the wind become a source of energy? What is a wind turbine? Total power output in the UK and worldwide Impacts of wind turbines On-shore vs. Off-shore
wind farms In favour or against? Historical background 3500BC 2000BC 0 600 1300 1800 1900 1888 1920 1991 First sailboats Creation of windmills to pump water Windmills to grind grain into flour First horizontal axis windmill in Europe Windmills appear in America Charles F. Brush - wind turbine producing 12KW of electricity Wind turbines appear all over Europe Some important data Darrieus - vertical axis wind turbine World’s first off-shore wind farm, Vindeby Darrieus - vertical axis wind turbine Amount of energy produced by wind turbines over the years compared to their size 1985 - 80kW (with a rotor diameter of 20m and hub height of 30m)
1995 - 600kW (with a rotor diameter of 46m and hub height of 78m)
2005 - 5000kW (with hub height of 120m) On-shore vs. Off-shore Well above ground level (stronger winds), 3km from the nearest shorelines.
The electricity produced is transported underground
Smaller wind turbines Located on water
Higher wind speeds available off shore
The electricity is transported via undersea cables
Requires dock space
More expensive Impacts of wind turbines Social Conflicts of interest Political Political
Environmental 70-80% of the UK public support wind farm development

Ecological impacts are the principal barriers to social acceptance Wind power is subsidized by the Government. Environmental Effects on animals (birds, bats, fish)
Visual impact - aesthetic impact on the landscape
Noise impact
No waste Restricted sites, not all sites can be used

Radar and Radio signals

Off-shore wind farms can increase ship collision risk Are you in favour or against wind power in the UK? What is wind ?

Motion of air molecules

Air moves from high air pressure towards the area of low

Pressure gradient force

Wind speed is directly proportional to this pressure gradient
Full transcript