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Chapter 1 - AP World (Early River Valley Civilizations)

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Amanda Ahrens

on 4 September 2014

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Transcript of Chapter 1 - AP World (Early River Valley Civilizations)

Origins of Agriculture to Early River Valley Civilizations

EIP - Chapter 1


Fertile Crescent
Started a civilization
city-states
1st to created literate urban culture, highly developed political institutions
Mathematical/scientific discoveries
time - 60; geomentry;
Geography - crossroads/ unpredictable rivers
Code of Hammurabi – law giver
1st set of laws in ancient world (retribution)
social tatus
Cuneiform - form of Writing
Ziggurats - temples to gods
adopted use of Bronze/iron early -3000BCE
Gilgamesh - first piece of literature
Sumerians - Babylonians - Assyrians (conquered)
Assyrians - 1st Empire
Mesopotamia
Three kingdoms - Old kingdom, Middle, New
-3000 bce – 332 bce - longest civilizations
geography = isolationed
-Nile! - tame/seasonal flooding/ predictable
Gov't - Pharaoh - King & God
Less pronounced social divisions than Meso
Women higher status in Egypt than Meso
Old
Glory age
Pyramids
Divine kingship
Literate
Hieroglyphics
Rich
-Middle
Nubia
Develop interest in conquering
Military technology
Bronze weapons (1700 BCE - much later than Meso)
Egypt
Indus River
-Rivers flooded most reliable/ Monsoon Rains
trading
Largest of Indus valley
-Written language
Amazing cities
DENSE, multi- level home
Organized to catch the wind
Plumbing system!
-Peaceful!
No weapons
-1750 bce – declined
Why??
Indus River Valley
1) cities - admin centers
2) political system based on control of defined territory
3) Many ppl non-food production
4) social status based on wealth
5) monument building
6) record keeping
7) Long-distance trade
8) major advances in science/arts
Characteristics of Civilization
New Stone Age (Neolithic) = 8000 - 2000 B.C.E.
hunter & gathering
nomadic
climate/ land/ water had large impact on life
early, primitive agriculture
foundation of major changes to gcme
Hunter - Gather V. Agriculture
Global climate change = induced societies to enhance food supplies
Shift from hunter - gather to food producers = huge historical turning point
Gradual
Middle East - Wheat & Barley
Separate agricultural revolutions - China, Africa
Led to Animal domestication
Neolithic Revolution / Agricultural Revolution
AGENDA
Objective - Analyze the characteristics of a civilization and compare early river valley civilizations
Finish Civilization Game
Discuss SPICE - Themes of this course
History – Have out your Chapter 1 notes
Spice Stations
H.W.
Prepare for Socratic seminar on use of "Civilization" as a historical term - Tomorrow
Unit 1 test on Friday

Welcome To World!
1.) Moodle - Review of pre-history/history
2.) Discuss what SPICE means/ importance of themes in AP WORLD
3.) Jigsaw SPICE chart for your region (15 mins.)
4) Lecture - Early River Civlizations
5.) Sample Quiz Questions – Can you answer these?
6). History Writing
H.W: Read Lerner, "Urban Revolution"
Table of Contents
S-ocial
P-olitics
I-nteraction between humans and the environment
C-ulture
E-conomics

What do these mean?
Themes in AP World
1. What is the answer to Yali's question? Is Diamond’s answer to Yali the sufficient? Cite specific examples from the text to prove your answer.
 
2. Why did China become politically unified while Europe remained a collection of competing states? How has this impacted upon human history? Cite specific examples from the text to prove your answer.
 
3. Is human development as influenced by geography as Diamond claims? Are there other factors which he does not pay enough attention to? Cite specific examples from the text to prove your answer
Questions for Friday – Choose 1
In the time provided, write an essay of 3 paragraphs
answering ONE of the following questions. In your answer
include:
A clear answer to all parts of the question you chose
A clear thesis statement at either the start of your first paragraph or at the end of your introductory paragraph.
Two or more specific examples to prove your thesis that are well developed and explained
A clear concluding paragraph
The answer and your thesis should overlap.
Do not use “I” in your answer.
About the essay
****You may review and organize your book and your notes in order to answer this question tonight at home. You will need to write the answer in class tomorrow, not copy what you came up with at night. All of your notes will be reviewed and collected by Ms. Ahrens tomorrow during/after the test. *****
Homework
Tell me what category you
would put the following?
Labor
Nationalism
Imperial administration
Religious beliefs
patterns of interactions
racial ideologies
commercial life
nation-states
movements to
redistribute land
war
-New Kingdom
Expand south
Ruled by women
Military expansion
Innovation
-control of your food supply
-development of cities = need for government
-Change of male and female roles
Written Language – beginning of history
Formalization of religion – more time, more time to think.
Specialization of tasks – not everyone has to far
-Creation of cultures
Relatively unconnected
-All fall for similar reasons. Susceptible to climate, lack of water, decline in food production
Big Picture - Early Civilizations
What are the trends?
Essay Questions:
Compare the basic features of two early civilizations? Choose two of the following: Mesopotamia, Egypt, Indus.

Compare the interaction of people with their environments in human societies of 8000 B.C.E. and 3000 B.C.E.

Think “SPICE”
Can you answer these?
Which of the following most accurately compares the government structure of early Mesopotamia and Egypt?
(A)The governments of both civilizations were highly decentralized.
(B)Overall, Mesopotamian government was characterized by strong city-states, and Egypt was ruled by divine kingship.
(C)Mesopotamia had a highly developed bureaucracy; Egypt did not.
(D)Although priests were powerful in both societies, their authority was generally separated from the political power of the kings.
Social
Political
Interactions with Environment
Culture
Economics
Stations:
Turn over your butcher paper
Each of you is assigned a theme
For your time at the station; look at your notes add facts/important ideas to the BIG spice chart
When time is called we will rotate, when you get to a new station .... examine what is already been written and .add new facts
Full transcript