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Consider it Done, Consider this Solved

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Thomas Culhane

on 28 March 2014

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Transcript of Consider it Done, Consider this Solved

D. Solar Thermal Water Heating Technologies
a. Hand-made flat-panel solar hot water collector
Cost for materials: $500
b. Flat plate professional
Reaches 60 C
c: Open vacuum tube solar hot water
Open tube vacuum tube solar hot water system, easy to set up and install.
Reaches boiling temperatures
Cost: $200 to $500
c. Heat-pipe vacuum tube solar hot water system,easy to set up and install. Reaches boiling temperatures.
Cost: $500 to $1000

Consider it Done, Consider this Solved...
It starts at home!
Solar CITIES works at the household level
There are an enormous
number of home-scale
"appliance" technologies that can radically improve our environmental sustainability and reduce our ecological footprints
Wind Energy
Solar Thermal
LED lighting
Bicycle Generator
Water Purification
Barefoot College
Composting Latrine
Fuel Cell
Plastic to Fuel
Solar Hot Water
Small Wind
Liquid Fertilizer
Battery Bank
14:02: Abesha Darge, Ethiopia: "There is another problem: previously the plastic wastes used to fill the streets. But now that people found out that the plastic waste can be used to produce petroleum, some are collecting the wastes in the hope of selling it. At first I used to buy 1 kg of plastic waste for 2 Ethiopian birr. Now it has increased to 3 Ethiopian Birr. In other regions it goes up to 8 Birr per kg. .. The new design requires more plastic waste than is available in the city... I am in the process of collecting plastic wastes from other cities such as Nazareth or Assawa..." IMAGINE A WORLD WHERE WE USE UP ALL GARBAGE FIRST AND THEN THINK OF ALTERNATIVE ENERGY SOURCES. It's happening!
Trees and
plantings and
wildlife habitat
Wood Gasifier
Plastic Pyrolysis
Jean Pain method
Market waste and grass fed Biogas
Solar Hot Water
Solar Cooker
Lawn Mower
Wood Chipper
2m3 family system
10m3 yard system
Plasma gasification
MSW (Municipal Solid Waste)
100 m3 or larger Biogas Facility
(often at water treatment)
mostly from Kitchens, Cafeterias, Restaurants, Vegetable Markets, Meat processing and canning industries.
Waste water
treatment plant
(mostly plastic and paper and cardboard products
from packaging and transport)
Wet Organic Waste
People feared the world was going to end

Y2K or 2012

Climate change, disasters round the bend

All our resources going to hell
Complex engineering ruled the day

Super sized in every way

Still the word got out that many things

could be solved in a simple way...
Consider this solved, today

with no need to hesitate

We have the technology

Consider this solved
Consider yourself allied

consider it DIY

When making things work's your pride

You have you all you need inside

Consider this solved...
Politics are always in our way

Economics still holds sway

Yet as long as we're still making waste

We've enough to get through each day
Garbage in need not make garbage out

Trash is merely in our minds

Food waste's really sunshine's energy

rain or shine to be had for free

So the lesson for you and me

Is the problems that we perceive

All the problems we face to day

Can be solved in a simple

Solved in a simple

Solved in a simple way
Consider the Birds, He said,

Consider the flowers, instead

There's no need to fear, He said

once we have evolved
Consider this solved, today

with no need to hesitate

There's no need to fight or hate

We have the technology

Consider this solved
A. Water Purification
DIY Technologies:
The Schmutzdecke Slow Sand Filter
Professional Technologies:
The Life Saver Water Bottle and Jerry Can
Bottle Cost: $249 per unit.
Jerry Can Cost: $549 per unit

B. LED lighting
Cost: $13 per bulb

C. Tri-Fuel Generator
Kit cost: $200

F. Solar Electric Technologies:
1. Hand-made PV panel and system from components.
2. Market ready solar solution: Polycrystalline
3. Market ready solar solution: Monocrystalline
4. Market ready solar solution: Thin film amorphous triple junction
5. Market ready solar solution: Foldable CIGS cell panel

G. Bicycle Generator Power
: DIY Dynamos!
Cost for recumbent Bicycle generator “Human Power Generator” with optional Hand Cranks:
$550.00 + 35.00 = $585.00

H. Wind power:
Dynamos with blades
1. 100 W Hand-made wind generator, using plans from Brother's Engineering in Palestine
Cost $300
2. Market Ready Solution: Chinook 200 W windstation
Cost: $695.

E: Biogas systems: 'From effluents to affluence'.
1. Hand-made “DIY” systemsa. ARTI India Floating Drum type made from local water tanks.Total cost for materials: $200 to $750 dollarsb. Solar CITIES sealed digestor from recycled IBC tank.Total cost: $300 to $650 dollars2. Professional Market Ready Systems:a. Puxin 2.5m3 fiberglass system for single family
Cost: $1300b. Puxin 10m3 steel mold multi-family, community or institutional system for use with local cement
Cost: $6000 (capital cost or molds) plus $500 to $1000 for cement and pipes3. Food waste grinder as key technological component
Cost: $100 to $500 depending on grind strength.

I: Micro-Hydro Electric Generator:
Dynamos with fins
1. A Hi-Power, Low Voltage HydroElectric Generator 150 W (Harris Turbine)
Cost: $1,600
2. The other type of micro-hydro generator, often called a “stream generator”, is built like a boat propeller. Rather than pushing the water as it turns, the swiftly flowing water pushes the propeller and turns the dynamo.
Cost: $1,400

J: Composting Toilet:
Biodynamic transformation of waste
DIY Bucket Toilet
Cost: Free to $100
Professional models, like the Sun-Mar or Clivus Multrum, which are very effective, can be purchased
Cost: $1,595.00

K. Fuel Cell Introduction:
Fuel Cell Kit H30 30 Watt Fuel Cell Stack Cost: $1300.00
Tutorial RFC (Regenerative Fuel Cell) Set; $319.61
Intelligent Fuel Cell Model Car Lab: $55.00

L. Treadle Pump:
A Stairmaster that does more than just make
you look good.

M. Aquaponics Introduction
DIY systems are not hard to construct.
Professional Systems like the “Fantastically Fun Fresh Food Factory” cost $3,320.00.

N. Gasification:
Woody Biomass Wastes to Syn-Fuel
Cost: $3400 - $10,000

O: Plastic to Clean Fuel:

rom oil back to oil, only better
Sulfur and other impurities already removed!
Blest System for table top demonstration:
Cost: $14,000

Bosch Household Technologies
Simple Steps to a Better Environmental Policy
Dr. Taha Rassam Culhane,
Mercy College, New York/Solar CITIES
Problem: Waste
Solution: ?
Problem: Energy
Solution: ?
Problem: Water
Solution: ?
"Look beyond the garbage in the streets to see the garbage in our minds..." - 'Talkin' Trash' Music Video, National Geographic
The earth is a recycling planet. Our home in the hostile vacuum of space is a materially enclosed biosphere; nothing is added to the earth and nothing ever leaves
(1. except negligible amounts of minerals from extremely rare meteorites or asteroid impacts)
(2. except heat and tiny amounts of helium and hydrogen.)
The same amount of water exists on earth since its creation, endlessly purified and put back into circulation. It will never run out.
3.(Until the sun expands a billion or so years from now and extinguishes all life.)
All of our material resources are part of an eternal cycle of regeneration, merely changing form with different energetic inputs and surface area interactions for chemical and physical processes to transform them. They also don't run out.
Therefore there can be no such thing as "garbage".
The problem is that we are wasting opportunities:
We waste the molecules found in plastic, paper, wood products, metal products, uneaten food and plant materials, human and animal manures, industrial effluents and combustion and production residuals.
We waste the energy coming from the visible and invisible wavelengths of radiation coming from the sun and heated masses of solids, liquids and gases.
We waste the water into which we have dissolved the molecules that we are wasting as we discharge our so-called wastes.
The recapture and re purposing of what we are now wasting is called "industrial ecology", modeled after nature's own ecology, but with an eye toward creating a sustainable civilization.
("Cradle to Cradle", Braugart and McDonough, 2000).
Family scale solutions we've brought to Baghdad
for our traveling road show: The low hanging fruit

Waste to Fuel and Fertilizer
Solar and its derivatives (wind, hydro, biomass)
Natural Gas, Hydrogen, Ammonia and metallic fuels
Geothermal and Tidal power, Petroleum and "Clean Coal"
Low capital investment
High Capital Investment
Amenable to DIY scaling
Not easy to scale down
low-hanging fruit
requires expertise and economies of scale
"I attached the brochure pages of 3 models, the desktop that you have your eye on, and the B-2400 times 4! is the 10 ton system that I have my heart set on selling! Our larger systems are all simply components, the B-2400 is the only component, and add more to the daisy chain, one control module, the electronic brain can control up to 8 B-2400's, hence the quantity discount for multiple units. The math is 8.2 lbs of plastic equals 1 gallon of oil, and a 20MegaTon pile will net about 5 million gallons! The B-2400 processes just under a MT annually and costs under a million each. Money very well spent. Ciao, Jim"
Statistics from Baghdad:
"60% of electricity production is consumed by residential customers.
80% of that 60% is consumed for water heating, space heating and air conditioning.
Cross subsidy and subsidy transfer for solar heating solutions can create green collar jobs, reduce demand so oil can be exported for hard currency (Tunisia model).
Three primary technologies for increasing the reliability of electrical generation :
Wood Gasification
Plastic to Fuel
Biogas from Wet Wastes

Vacuum tube solar
Flat Plate Solar, self made in Cairo
Unlike any other Bottle!

Fast flow rate
Simple to use - Fill, Pump, Drink
Store the water dirty until needed
Versatile & robust
Fail safe technology

The world's first and only water bottle to filter all bacteria, viruses, cysts, parasites, fungi and all other microbiological waterborne pathogens without the aid of any foul tasting chemicals like iodine or chlorine or the need for any power or UV light.

Not just a bottle...

The LIFESAVER bottle can produce up to 4000L of sterile drinking water before a new cartridge is needed, thats over 3 years* supply of drinking water...for just £99/$149.99 - just £2.75/$4.12 per month!
Warren Weisman, business owner, Hestia Home Biogas USA:
" Biogas presents a lot of opportunity for peripheral manufacturing. Not just microturbines, but wastewater package plants, as well as pressure cookers, rice cookers and cookware with heat shrouds under them as the Chinese are doing."

None of the world’s top industries would be profitable if they paid for the natural capital they use

By David Roberts

The notion of “externalities” has become familiar in environmental circles. It refers to costs imposed by businesses that are not paid for by those businesses. For instance, industrial processes can put pollutants in the air that increase public health costs, but the public, not the polluting businesses, picks up the tab. In this way, businesses privatize profits and publicize costs.

While the notion is incredibly useful, especially in folding ecological concerns into economics, I’ve always had my reservations about it. Environmentalists these days love speaking in the language of economics — it makes them sound Serious — but I worry that wrapping this notion in a bloodless technical term tends to have a narcotizing effect. It brings to mind incrementalism: boost a few taxes here, tighten a regulation there, and the industrial juggernaut can keep right on chugging. However, if we take the idea seriously, not just as an accounting phenomenon but as a deep description of current human practices, its implications are positively revolutionary.

To see what I mean, check out a recent report [PDF] done by environmental consultancy Trucost on behalf of The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity (TEEB) program sponsored by United Nations Environmental Program. TEEB asked Trucost to tally up the total “unpriced natural capital” consumed by the world’s top industrial sectors. (“Natural capital” refers to ecological materials and services like, say, clean water or a stable atmosphere; “unpriced” means that businesses don’t pay to consume them.)

It’s a huge task; obviously, doing it required a specific methodology that built in a series of assumptions. (Plenty of details in the report.) But it serves as an important signpost pointing the way to the truth about externalities.

Here’s how those costs break down:

The majority of unpriced natural capital costs are from greenhouse gas emissions (38%), followed by water use (25%), land use (24%), air pollution (7%), land and water pollution (5%), and waste (1%).

So how much is that costing us? Trucost’s headline results are fairly stunning.

First, the total unpriced natural capital consumed by the more than 1,000 “global primary production and primary processing region-sectors” amounts to $7.3 trillion dollars a year — 13 percent of 2009 global GDP.

(A “region-sector” is a particular industry in a particular region — say, wheat farming in East Asia.)

Second, surprising no one, coal is the enemy of the human race. Trucost compiled rankings, both of the top environmental impacts and of the top industrial culprits.

Here are the top five biggest environmental impacts and the region-sectors responsible for them:
UNEP: top five environmental impactsUNEPClick to embiggen.

The biggest single environmental cost? Greenhouse gases from coal burning in China. The fifth biggest? Greenhouse gases from coal burning in North America. (This also shows what an unholy nightmare deforestation in South America is.)

Now, here are the top five industrial sectors ranked by total ecological damages imposed:
UNEP: top five industrial sectors by impactUNEPClick to embiggen.

It’s coal again! This time North American coal is up at number three.

Trucost’s third big finding is the coup de grace. Of the top 20 region-sectors ranked by environmental impacts, none would be profitable if environmental costs were fully integrated. Ponder that for a moment. None of the world’s top industrial sectors would be profitable if they were paying their full freight. None!

That amounts to an entire global industrial system built on sleight of hand. As legendary environmentalist Paul Hawken put it, “We are stealing the future, selling it in the present, and calling it GDP.”

This gets back to what I was saying at the top. The notion of “externalities” is so technical, such an economist’s term. Got a few unfortunate side effects, so just move some numbers from Column A to Column B, right?

But the UNEP report makes clear that what’s going on today is more than a few accounting oversights here and there. The distance between today’s industrial systems and truly sustainable industrial systems — systems that do not spend down stored natural capital but instead integrate into current energy and material flows — is not one of degree, but one of kind. What we need is not just better accounting, it is a new global industrial system, a new way of providing for human wellbeing, a new way of relating to our planet. We need a revolution.
facebook group: Solar CITIES Biogas
Eutopia Innoventions
Ahli Al Biogas The Biogas People
ICE Cairo
Envisaj Mercy
Thomas Taha Rassam Culhane
National Geographic
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