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Elements of Music

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by

Thomas Stroth

on 24 April 2014

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Transcript of Elements of Music

Rhythm
the pattern of sounds and rests
Articulation
shows how the notes are played
Dynamics
Dynamics are the volume of the music; how loud or soft (quiet) it is.
Elements of Music
Tempo
Tempo is the Speed of the Beat
Largo = slow tempo

(too slow to walk)




p

Piano
soft (quiet) dynamic


Accelerando - gradually getting faster


Ritardando - gradually getting slower
Tempo change terms:
Moderato = medium tempo

(8th grader casual walk)
Allegro = fast tempo

(6th grader to lunch walk)
Presto = very fast tempo

(too fast to walk)
f

Forte
Loud dynamic
mezzo=medium

mf
mezzo forte
medium loud

mp
mezzo piano
medium soft
...issimo=very

ff
fortissimo
very loud

pp
pianissimo
very soft


Dynamics changing terms:





Legato
smooth, connected
Staccato
short, separated
Accented
heavy, emphasized
Straight
even, goes with the beat
Syncopated
uneven, goes against the beat
Meter
the way the beat is grouped
Duple
groups of two
you can march to duple meter
Triple
groups of three
you can waltz to triple meter
Harmony
the accompaniment to the melody - it goes along with the main tune;
created when two or more notes
are played together
(usually NOT percussion)
Melody
the main tune;
the most important part
(usually NOT members of the
percussion family)
Timbre
the special sound of the instrument
Texture
describes how thick or thin the music sounds
Monophonic
thin texture;
solo, one note at a time, unison
Homophonic
thicker texture;
everyone working on the
same melody;
melody + accompaniment
Polyphonic
thick texture;

two or more melodies played
at the same time
Form
the shape or structure of the music;
the way the music is composed or "put together"
Popular Song Form
intro, verse, refrain, coda
Describe melody by
naming instrument. Example: male vocal,
guitar, flute, trombone
describe by using adjective + instrument name
(ex: brassy trumpet, distorted guitar, mellow voice)
ff=fortissimo-very loud
f=forte-loud
mf=mezzo forte-medium loud
mp=mezzo piano-medium soft
p=piano-soft
pp=pianissimo-very soft
crescendo=
gradually getting louder
decrescendo=
gradually getting softer
Full transcript