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Spain

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Dylan Davis

on 28 September 2012

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Transcript of Spain

SPAIN The Spanish culture is made up mostly of Roman Catholics. Even if people have never been to a church in their entire life,
they almost automatically identify themselves as Catholics
because - as a Spaniard - it's practically a given. Wherever you travel throughout the country, you will find a church or large cathedral. RELIGION: FOOD: The two main ingredients to Spanish cooking are olive oil and garlic. Ham, or as the Spanish say it, jamón, is a very prized dish. Some other common Spanish specialties are paella, tortilla de patatas, chorizo, and gazpacho (My personal favorite). Gazpacho is a cold soup made entirely of vegatables and garnished with pieces of hard-boiled eggs and dried bread. By: Dylan Davis Architchture The Spanish have very detailed and intricate
carvings on almost every structure. A lot of their structures have been around for thousands of years! For example, the aqueduct in Segovia has been standing since about 1st Century A.D.! Spain has beautiful mountains, and some houses are even built on their amazing mountainsides. Those mountains are a geographic interest. Things To Do Some cool España Places To Visit Some amazing places to visit in Spain are Toledo and Plaza de España. Toledo has a giant wall overlooking an entire city in Spain. Plaza de España is a landmark example of the Renaissance Revival style in Spanish architecture. Plaza de España is located in Sevilla. Bullfighting Bullfighting is a very big attraction in Spain.
It can trace its origin all the way back to 711 A.D. as a celebration when King Alfonso VII was crowned.It is said that the total number of Spaniards watching a bullfight is over one million every year. Castles In Spain Spain has been famous for its castles since its foundation. The Spaniards built the castles mainly for a defensive purpose, but some as noble residencies. As seen in the picture, most castles in Spain are very large. Festivities La Feria is the most famous festival in Spain. It is a week long of flamenco dancing, eating, drinking, and socializing. There are bullfights every day during that week. Most people will stay up very late, maybe even all night. Another big event is the "Running of the Bulls". All of the shop windows are boarded up, then the bulls are released and go stampeding down the street amongst thousands of people trying to run for their lives. Many people are often badly injured during this event. Pictures of Festivities Resources http://spanishfood.about.com/od/discoverspanishfood/a/introtospanfood.htm http://www.kwintessential.co.uk/resources/global-etiquette/spain-country-profile.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Culture_of_Spain http://www.donquijote.org/culture/spain/ http://www.factmonster.com/ipka/A0107987.html Thanks for Watching!!!! Book Resources Chicoine, Stephen. SPAIN: BRIDGE BETWEEN CONTINENTS. Miller, Arthur. SPAIN. Location And Info Continued Population: 43,000,000 Capital: Madrid Location: Southwestern Euroupe Things To Do One thing you should do if you are visiting Spain is see the architecture of Antoní Gaudí, a famous Spanish architect. He was born in 1852 and died in 1926. Another very popular thing to do is to watch a bullfight. That has been a tradition for many, many years. http://gospain.about.com/od/beforeyougo/ss/thingstodo_3.htm http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Qmp4DjtWcuw Spanish Coat of Arms
The Spanish coat of arms is made up of a lion, a castle, a National Anthem: Marcha Real Language: Spanish and Gaelic Timeline Of Spain BC (12000 BC) Stone Age hunters painted sophisticated cave art near Santander
(1100 BC) Southern Iberia colonized by Phonecians
(228 BC) Carthaginians occupied southern Iberia
(218-220 BC) Iberian Peninsula taken over by Romans in Second Punic War
74 AD - 900 AD (74) Roman citizenship given to inhabitants of Iberia
(237) Carthage invaded the Iberian Peninsula
(711) Iberia invaded by Muslim army
(756) Cordoba, capital of new independent Emirate, formed in Iberia
(913) Christians set up capital in Leon after northern Spain territories are retaken
1000 - 1400 (1013) Spain seperated into small kingdoms
(1085) Christian kingdom took over Toledo
(1137) Kingdom of Aragon formed
(1160-63) Muslim sect took control of Al-Andalus
(1212) Reconquista eliminated Moorish rule
(1248) Fernando III of Castille captured Seville
(1469) Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabella of Castile marry, brought much needed stability
(1478) The Catholic Spanish Inquisition began
(1492) Granada captured, Moors defeated; Christopher Columbus began voyages of discovery
1700 - 1800 (1702-14) War of Spanish Succession; Bourbon dynasty accepted Spanish throne
(1808-14) Peninsular War against Napoleon
(1898) Spanish-American five-month War; Spain lost colonies including Cuba, Guam and Puerto Rico
1900 (1931) Spain became a Republic
(1936-39) Francisco Franco forces victorious in Spanish Civil War; dictatorship established
(1959) ETA established - a soon to be powerful Basque Fatherland and Freedom group
(1968) West African colony of Spanish Guinea granted independence as Equatorial Guinea
(1973) Basque nationalists assassinated Prime Minister Admiral Luis Carrero Blanco in Madrid
(1975) Franco died, Juan Carlos de Borbon declared king. Spain became a constitutional monarchy
(1977) Democratic elections held
(1978) Spain's new constitution established a parliamentary monarchy
(1980) ETA fighting killed 118 people
(1981) Military coup failed
(1982) Spain joined NATO
(1986) Spain joined EEC
(1992) Barcelona hosted Summer Olympic games; Seville hosted Expo 92
(1995) Spain joined European Community
(1996) Jose Maria Aznar became Prime Minister
(1998) Donana National Park severely contaminated by a toxic waste spill
2000 (2000) ETA responsible for Madrid car bombings
(2002) All currency replaced by the Euro; Oil tanker spill on north coast
(2003) 62 Spanish peacekeepers returning from Afghanistan killed in plane crash in Turkey
(2004) Islamic terrorists attacked Atocha train station in Madrid with bombs; 191 people killed, hundreds injured; Zapatero elected Prime Minister, Spanish troops left Iraq
(2005) Madrid car bombing killed 40
(2006) ETA declared ceasefire; Over 20,000 illegal immigrants from Africa arrived in the Canary Islands
(2007) Spanish Embassy in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo, struck by grenade; seven people hurt at Running of the Bulls; forest fires on two Canary Islands forced 11,000 to evacuate
(2008) Plane crash in Madrid killed 153; Historical Memory Law passed, people (approx. 500,000) who had to flee Spain during Civil War have right to apply for Spanish citizenship Motto: "Further Beyond"
Winter: Snowy & cold
Spring: Slightly cold, very flowery Summer: Very hot, temp normally reaching 113 degrees Fahrenheit Picture Tour Picture Tour: Slide 2 Other Important Cities: Segovia, Barcelona, Sevilla Parliamentary democracy Government: Resources (Natural): coal, lignite, iron ore, uranium, mercury, pyrites, fluorspar, gypsum, zinc, lead, tungsten, copper, kaolin, potash, hydropower, arable land (All fossil fuels are imported) Soccer Soccer, or Futbol, is by far the most popular sport in Spain, and even worldwide! Although Spian were not the foundation of soccer, they created an organization in 1909 called the Royal Federation of Espana Futbol. Wildlife: Bears, mountain goats, and the Iberian Lynx Plant Life: Portuguese oak and Evergreen oak Spanish Coat Of Arms Timeline Of Leaders 1035 - 1065 Ferdinand I (León 1037 - 65)
1065 - 1072 Sancho II (Castile only)
1072 - 1109 Alfonso VI (León 1065 - 1109)
1109 - 1126 Urraca
1126 - 1157 Alfonso VII
1157 - 1158 Sancho III (Castile only)
1157 - 1188 Ferdinand II (León only)
1158 - 1214 Alfonso VIII (Castile only)
1188 - 1230 Alfonso IX (León only)
1214 - 1217 Henry I (Castile only)
1217 - 1252 Ferdinand III (León 1230 - 1252)
1252 - 1284 Alfonso X
1284 - 1295 Sancho IV
1295 - 1312 Ferdinand IV
1312 - 1350 Alfonso XI
1350 - 1369 Peter the Cruel
1369 - 1379 Henry II of Trastamara
1379 - 1390 John I
1390 - 1406 Henry III
1406 - 1454 John II
1454 - 1474 Henry IV
1474 - 1504 Isabella
1504 - 1506 Joanna the Mad (Habsburg)
1506 Phillip I
1506 - 1516 Ferdinand II (of Aragon, as regent for Joanna the Mad)

Aragon
1035 - 1063 Ramiro I
1063 - 1094 Sancho Ramirez
1094 - 1104 Peter I
1104 - 1134 Alfonso I
1134 - 1137 Ramiro II
1137 - 1162 Petronilla
1162 - 1196 Alfonso II
1196 - 1213 Peter II
1213 - 1276 James I
1276 - 1285 Peter III
1285 - 1291 Alfonso III
1291 - 1327 James II
1327 - 1336 Alfonso IV
1336 - 1387 Peter IV
1387 - 1395 John I
1395 - 1410 Martin I
1412 - 1416 Ferdinand
1416 - 1458 Alfonso V
1458 - 1479 John II
1479 - 1516 Ferdinand II

Unified 'Spain'
Habsburg Dynasty
1516 - 1556 Charles I (Emperor Charles V)
1556 - 1598 Philip II
1598 - 1621 Philip III
1621 - 1665 Philip IV
1665 - 1700 Charles II
Bourbon Dynasty
1700 - 1724 Philip V
1724 Louis I
1724 - 1746 Philip V (2nd time)
1746 - 1759 Ferdinand VI
1759 - 1788 Charles III
1788 - 1808 Charles IV
1808 Ferdinand VII
French Rule
1808 - 1813 Joseph Bonaparte
Bourbon Dynasty
1814 - 1833 Ferdinand VII
1833 - 1868 Isabella II
1868 - 1874
1869 - 1870 Francisco Serrano (regent)
1870 - 1873 Amadeus (elected)
1873 - 1874 First Republic
Bourbon Dynasty
1874 - 1885 Alfonso XII
1886 - 1931 Alfonso XIII
Second Republic (presidents)
1931 - 1936 Niceto Alcala Zamora y Torres
1936 - 1939 Manuel Azaña
Dictatorship
1939 - 1975 General Francisco Franco
Bourbon Dynasty
1975 - Juan Carlos I Location And Info The People of Spain Spain is a land of diversity due to its many invasions over time. As a result, most Spaniards inherit a mixture of Iberian, Celtic, Phoenician, Greek, Roman, Carthaginian, Moorish, or Germanic blood. The average life expectancy for a male Spaniard is about 74 years, while female is 84 years. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aqueduct_of_Segovia Education Spanish "primary" school lasts eight years, from ages 6 to 14. At age fourteen, you would move from escuela primeria to escuela secundaria (secondary school). After six years at escuela secundaria, you would apply to a university if you want to continue your education. Famous Spanish Explorers Weather: Fall: Leaves lots of different colors Hernando de Soto Ponce de Leon Famous Spanish Artists & Their Work Pablo Picasso Salvador Dali Discovered Florida in 1513 Discovered the Mississippi River and the Ohio River Palacio Real Cibeles Square Valencia Arts Center Beach in Barcelona Soccer In Spain Soccer is by far the most popular sport in Spain, and even worldwide. The Spanish have a better name for it: Futbol (Football)! The most famous Spanish soccer player is David Villa. David Villa Personal Connections My mom's entire side of the family is Spanish. All of her cousins, uncles and aunts still live in Spain. When I traveled there in 2006, I visited all of my relatives. My grandparents were born and raised there, so they still carry out some Spanish traditions such as celebrating the holidays and making the food for us when we visit their house. My grandma is famous for her gazpacho, and my grandpa makes the best cooked ham. I wish I could go back and visit Spain with them again. I am proud of my Spanish heritage and doing this project has helped me to learn a lot about it.
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