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Age of Enlightenment
Transcript of Age of Enlightenment
Age of Enlightenment
Strict Class System
New Ideas =
European and Latin American Revolutions
(cc) photo by medhead on Flickr
Born there - stay there forever
Galileo 's experimental method made him "Father of modern science"
the power of reason
King's right to rule given by God
All of King's decisions sanctified by God
and therefore unquestionable.
So King's rule not subject to any earthly
powers - not even the church.
Divine Right Monarchs
Enlightenment Ideas Spread
Arts & Literature
Catherine the Great
Ideas, art and music
Art, architecture, sculpture
My symbol of power is the Bishop's miter
My symbol of power
is the scepter
The symbol of power
for nobles was the sword
Nobles were also in charge
of the justice system.
How interested to they look?
Nobles lived a life of leisure and luxury. They lived in extravagant homes and dressed in sumptuous clothing.
Nobles enjoyed many privileges of station (example: titles, land, the right to exact labor and taxes from the peasants and artisans who worked on their lands, and the right to vote. Often they were exempt from national taxes)
Officially recognized Church
Peasants were responsible for paying taxes to their king, taxes to their lords, serving on road and work crews and tithing to the church. Many were poor and illiterate.
(cc) photo by theaucitron on Flickr
"Mathematics is the language in which God has written the universe."
Due to increased trade, some businessmen and merchants were becoming very wealthy but they were still considered part of the peasant class.
Policy of strong monarchs was called
mercantilism - all trade was for the benefit of the state
I do not agree with what you have to say, but I'll defend to the death your right to say it.
"The divine right of husbands, like the divine right of kings, may, it is hoped, in this enlightened age, be contested without danger."
student of Voltaire
disdain for torture
equality and liberty
charter of rights for nobles
traveled in disguise
after his death
Italian City States
A rebirth of ideas from ancient Greece and Rome
Patrons of the Arts
or Catholic Revival