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A initiative to aware you all about this unknown defect

Tarun Kumar

on 31 October 2016

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Transcript of APHASIA

Aphasia is from Greek a- ("without") + phásis (φάσις, "speech")
Aphasia is a deficit in language processing that may effect auditory comprehension, speaking, gestures, and writing.
Aphasia is caused by injury, stroke, or seizures.
A person with Aphasia have a hard time communicating.
The language deficits include difficulties in language comprehension and execution.

Major Divisions
Fluent aphasias
The inability to understand the
languages of others and the
production of less meaningful
speech than normal.
Non-fluent aphasias
Difficulty producing fluent,
articulated, or self-initiated
Wernicke's aphasia
aka posterior aphasia
aka receptive aphasia
Broca's Aphasia
aka expressive aphasia
aka anterior aphasia
aka agramamtic aphasia
Other Interesting
Facts About Aphasia
The handwriting of a person with an aphasia reflects their speech impediment.


By-Tarun Kumar

Aphasia (ah-Fa-ze-ah)
Types of Fluent Aphasias and Non-Fluent Aphasias
People with this type of aphasia have difficulty or inability understanding others speech, and produce meaningless speech
They generally do not realize their speech is meaningless and are surprised when others cannot understand them
Left Hemisphere of the brain (Frontal Lobe).
Trouble forming complete sentences.
Can get out some basic words.
Troubles understanding sentences.
Left Hemisphere of the brain
(Frontal Lobe).

This is the picture
There was an experiment done where
people with Broca’s and Wernicke’s
aphasias were presented with a picture
and then asked to write down a
description of what they say in the
A patient with Wernicke’s
aphasia wrote this
A patient with Broca’s
aphasia wrote this
Notice here that there are many, less forced, words, but they don’t make much sense. Also because they’re not struggling to find their words, the handwriting is better.
The aim of treatment
Speech Therapists will work with people who have aphasia. They aim to...
1. Help the patient communicate to the
best of the persons ability.
2. Help bring back as much of the persons
speech and language.
3. Find other ways of communicating.
Speech therapy is most effective if its
started quickly.
Two Main Therapies
1. Impairment-based therapy:
Improves language functions.
Focuses on individuals attention on certain tasks.
Therapy session may be supplemented with a certain computer software.

Example of impaired-based therapy:
CIT (Constraint-induced therapy)
2. Communication-based therapy:
Enhanced communication.
Conveying messages and feelings.
Encouraged to use any remaining
language ability.

Example of communication-based therapy:
PACE therapy
Easier communication with
aphasia patients
Get the person's attention before you start speaking
Maintain eye contact
Minimize background noise
Reduce the rate of your speech
Simplify sentence structure and emphasize key words
Use "yes" and "no" questions rather than open-ended ones
Give the individual time to speak
Keep communication simple, but adult. Don't "talk down" to the person with aphasia
More than 1 million cases per year (India)
Can't be cured, but treatment may help
Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong
Notice the use of very few words,
but the words do make some sense.
and the second one
What is Aphasia ? from
What is Wernicke's Aphasia? from
What Is Broca's Aphasia? - The Aphasia Center
from http://www.theaphasiacenter.com/2012/01/

Treatement Menthology
It is important to realize that not all people who suffer from strokes or other brain injury have aphasia.
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