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The 1967 Referendum
Transcript of The 1967 Referendum
What Were The Freedom Rides?
On February 12Th 1965 Charles Perkins led a group of university students from Sydney, who called themselves Student Action for Aborigines (SAFA), set off on a 14 day journey in a bus around coastal and western New South Wales. Charles Perkins was a half Aboriginal man, and he became one of the most important Australian Aboriginal Activists. Through his work as a politician and bureaucrat, as well as being a very successful soccer player, coach and administrator, he was viewed as a leader in the Aboriginal community. The aim of this journey was to campaign and make people aware of the poor state that the Aboriginal people lived in, were educated in, and the poor state of their health. The SAFA hoped to help the socially discriminatory barriers which existed between Aboriginals and White people. As well as this, they also hoped to encourage the Aboriginal people to try and fight for themselves, and resist discrimination.
What did the SAFA do?
During this event, the Freedom Ride traveled through towns and whilst they were there, they conducted surveys and took part in demonstrations. In Moree and other towns, the Freedom Rides forced their way into the baths to make a statement that the Aboriginal people should be able to go into the baths too. They also done the same with RSL’s and picture theaters. All of the places where SAFA traveled to, they saw racism, and the group tried their hardest to protest and remove segregation from public places like pools and picture theaters. SAFA was presented with many problems, and some were even beaten up.
Red Apple Education, Charles Perkins - Freedom Rides, viewed 11/05/2014
Nakshathra Suresh and Jasveen Kaur, Charles Perkins and the Freedom Riders, viewed 11/05/2014
The National Museum of Australia, Collaborating for Indigenous Rights, viewed 11/05/2014
This source is telling us that the ride wasn’t an easy one for the Freedom Riders. They were faced with violence, and people speaking against them. It shows what it was like at the places that they traveled to, and it gives a general overall opinion on the events of which happened. It also has an interview with Charles Perkins at the end, and he is statin what he wanted from the Freedom Rides.
By Tayla Pearce
Result Of The Freedom Ride
The Freedom Rides were able to achieve all of their goals. They were successful in bringing awareness to how the Aboriginals were living, and this is mostly because of the media attention that they Rides gained. Another goal that they accomplished was decreasing the social gap and discriminatory barriers that stood between white people and the Aborigines. An example of this is the removal of the swimming pool ban. They also got to encourage many Aboriginal people to resist discrimination, and to fight for their rights. SAFA inspired many Aboiginal people to fight for themselves. The Freedom Riders have also been credited with helping end the 'White Australia' policy.
On the night of February 12Th, SAFA set off on a hired bus. They reached Orange on the 13Th, and on that same day they also went to the towns of Wellington, where they conducted surveys with Indigenous and Non-Indigenous people to find out about the living conditions, and also Dubbo. On the 14Th they visited Gulargambone, where they conducted similar surveys as what they did in Wellington, and also reached Walgett and they stayed their until the 16th. In Walgett, they conducted a protest and they also targeted racial discrimination by picketing the local RSL. This is also the place where they gained good media coverage. They then went to Moore for two days and conducted protests, and then they traveled to Boggabilla and Warwick the 18th. Next they visisted Tenterfield Glen Innes, Inverell and then finished their loop back at Moore on the 20th. After Moore was Grafton on the 21st, and then Lismore where they once again protested for 2 days. After Coffs-Harbour and Bowraville they protested for 1 or 2 days at Kempsey, and they then covered Taree, Newcastle and Wyond before ending their trip of 3200km at Sydney on the 26th.
Where They Visited