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Legislative Branch Intro: Traits of the House and Senate

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on 21 January 2014

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Transcript of Legislative Branch Intro: Traits of the House and Senate

Special Powers
More Prestigious
-Less members (100, or 2 per state)
-More difficult to get into
-Represent a larger area (whole State)
-Larger constituency (people who vote for the representative)
-Deal with more issues
-More important powers
-Unlimited debate
-6 year terms

*30 years old
*Citizen for 9 years
*Resident of the State
Requirements
Special Powers
-Start appropriation (money) bills
-Impeach (bring charges against) federal officials
Requirements
*25 years old
*U.S. Citizen for 7 years
*Resident of the State (usually of the district)
Less Prestigious
More members (435)
-Easier to get into-Represent a smaller area (district)
-Smaller constituency
-Deal with less issues
-Have less important powers-Limited debate (1 hour)
2 Year terms
Congress: The House of Representatives and The Senate
The House of Representatives
The Senate
Do Now:
Imagine that you are applying for high schools and you get accepted into two great schools. One is more selective and has great programs that will get you into a fantastic college; the other one is not as highly regarded but still has good programs, plus you have several friends going there. Which do you choose? Why?
Both
Welcome To Congress!
The Law-making Branch of the Government
Bicameral Legislature:two parts that work both independently and together
Most powerful branch
Each congress lasts for 2 years; 2 sessions of January through November or December
Joint Session: When the two houses meet together to do business or listen to a President's speech
Notes Setup
Fold edges of paper in so they meet in the middle.
(Inside)
Welcome to Congress! By: __
House of Representatives
Senate
Both
[Intro Notes]
-Accept/reject presidential appointments-Accept/reject treaties-Hold trials for those who have been impeached
Created to give equal representation to all states
Created to provide representation based on population
-Can serve an unlimited number of times
-Salary/Benefits:~Make $165,800 a year~Income tax deduction (because they live in two places – DC and their home state)~Travel allowances~Low cost medical insurance~Office and funds to hire staff and operate the office~Franking privilege – can mail letters for free~Can punish, censure (condemn an action), or expel members~Override vetoes~Work in the Capitol Building in Washington, D.C.
Exit Slip:
Why do you think the Founding Fathers designed the legislative branch to be the most powerful?
House Vs. Senate Practice Activity
Without using your foldable: sort the facts about Congress into the appropriate column: House of Representatives, Senate, or both.
Full transcript