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Immigration between the United States and Mexico

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jacquie harrison

on 26 April 2011

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Transcript of Immigration between the United States and Mexico

Treaty of Guadalupe
Hidalgo (1848) Border Industrialization Program (1965) Arizona Law (SB 1070) Who is the vice president of Mexico? 38% of U.S. citizens don't pass the U.S. Citizenship Exam, which is given in their own language and asks questions about their own culture that are answered in grammar school. The process even to petition for a family member to be able to apply for citizenship is daunting. Here are some numbers to keep in mind. So, how did this structural violence reach this point? What are the underpinnings of the issues? Secure Fence Act (2006) Direct Violence:
Mexican Cartels Video http://www.colbertnation.com/the-colbert-report-videos/61314/april-05-2006/formidable-opponent---immigration Immigration between the United States and Mexico Short Term Long Term Publicly funded elections
Fairer distribution of income
Infrastructural advancement
Education and training programs (including law enforcement)
Adjust certain terms of NAFTA Organize Mexican boycott of subsidized agriculture
Increase law enforcement in Mexico
Secure borders for incoming and outgoing Mexican cargo (like the US)
Awareness campaigns against misconceptions
Publicizing higher education chances for undocumented workers
Assimilation class to educate immigrants about their rights and the language in the US with Mexican consulates
Speed up citizenship process for immediate family
Help workers understand their rights

Reinforce misconceptions awareness

Who is from the states highlighted in the above picture?

Contact your congressperson! Solutions Purported goals: fewer economic barriers, increased North American economic interaction, fairer competition

Agricultural subsides put Mexicans out of work, force them to migrate north

Mexican institutions fail to accommodate economic expansion, force more migration • 36,612 people killed over the past four years

30,913 execution-style
3,153 in “confrontations”
546 “aggression” or other clashes

•15,273 drug-related murders in 2010
•18.4 murders per 100,000 inhabitants Facts
• Gulf Cartel and Los Zetas
-3,100 people killed
-4,427 deaths in the state of Chihuahua
• Seeking refuge Ciudad Juarez is the center of direct violence
• Most of the violence it is on the Mexican side
-National and local forces

• Merida Initiative Violence in the US-Mexico border Rosario, age 16 Tehucan, Mexico WHAT CAN YOU DO? NAFTA (1994) Treaty that ended the US-Mexican war (1846-1848)
- Dictated mostly by the US

Results:

Mexico ceded to the US Upper California and New Mexico

Relinquished claims to Texas and recognized the Rio Grande as the Southern boundary of US Dream Act (2001) & (2010) Border Patrol formed(1924) Bracero Program
(Manual Labor) Operation Hold the Line (1993) U.S. Immigration Act and Temporary Admissions Act (1917) · If you are a US citizen, your child is over 21 and single, and you wish to petition for them to come to the US this year, you need to have applied by March 1, 1993.

· If you are a US citizen and you want your child and their spouse to come to the US this year, you need to have applied by November 15, 1992.

· If you are a US citizen and you wish to petition for your sibling, you need to have applied by February 15, 1996. Mexican Repatriation Governmental corruption
Inconsistent protection of civil liberties
High poverty/poor distribution of income
Lack of infrastructure/institutions Structural Issues in Mexico Mexican undocumented workers become viewed as disposable.
The workers had no economic or political bargaining power.
Program became known for its and exploitation as well as its racism and discrimination inflicted upon the workers
Operation Wetback in 1954 These maquiladoras became known for substandard working conditions
Exploitation of women and children: lower-priced goods because of the lower labor costs
Strict guidelines to benefit from the DREAM act Encourages racial profiling
Immigrants fear police for fear of deportation INTRODUCTION Displacement/
Violence Stigmas/
Misconceptions Institutionalized
Conflict Passed in Congress in Feb 1917 with large majority

Temporary Admissions allowed for unskilled workers to enter the country

"Undesirables" banned from entering the country

Idiots, Insane Persons, Professional Beggars, and all immigrants over sixteen who are illiterate Forced migration between 1929-1939
1 million people of mexican descent were forced or pressured to leave the US Series of laws and diplomatic agreements between Mexico and the US (1942-1964)

Allowed for importation of temporary contract laborers (from Mexico to US)

Originally began because US had a shortage of labor workers during WWII BIP created in 1965 to reduce unemployment in Northern border cities of Mexico

Reduce unemployment by creating a dynamic growth area with the installation of foreign companies
Passed in 2006 authorized the construction of 700 miles of fencing and technology of the Southern Border

Also increased checkpoints, technology and vehicles along the border Established in 1993 in El Paso
Used Agents and technology were concentrated in specific areas "showing force" to potential illegal border crossers
Had immediate "success" Formed in 1924
Purpose was to prevent illegal entry of Mexicans and especially Chinese
Senate bill in Arizona that passed last year

It is the broadest and strictest anti-illegal immigration act in recent history

Makes it a misdemeanor crime to be an immigrant in Arizona without having proper registration documents

Police have the responsibility to stop a person and check for documentation if there is a reasonable suspicion that a person is illegal in the the country Development, Relief and Education of Alien Minor Act

Purpose is to help individuals who meet certain criteria to have an opportunity to enlist or go to college and would receive a path to citizenship No More Deaths

Diocesan Migrant and Refugee Services

Citizen Action for Education, Democracy, and Development

The American Civil Liberties Union Immigrants’ Rights Project NGOs We Like http://braceroarchive.org/teaching

http://topics.nytimes.com/top/news/international/countriesandterritories/mexico/drug_trafficking/index.html

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-latin-america-10681249http://www.casademaryland.org/

http://www.cbp.gov/xp/cgov/border_security/border_patrol/border_patrol_ohs/history.xml

http://www.cfr.org/​economics/​naftas-economic-impact/​p15790

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/row/RL34215.pdf

http://www.fwjustice.org/guestworker-programs/braceros

http://www.globalsubsidies.org/en/subsidy-watch/news/as-nafta-removes-final-agricultural-tariffs-mexican-farmers-protest-against-us

http://www.jrank.org/cultures/pages/3657/Border-Industrialization-Program.html

http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/8/1302.html

http://www.nytimes.com/​2007/​02/​18/​weekinreview/​18uchitelle.html

http://www.organicconsumers.org/articles/article_1371.cfm

http://www.wilsoncenter.org/news/docs/State_of_Siege_WOLA.pdf>

http://www.zazona.com/ShameH1B/H1BHistory.htm -read, where is the cultural violence

Flores-Macías, Gustavo A. “NAFTA’s Unfulfilled Immigration Expectations.” Peace Review: A Journal of Social Justice 20, no. 4 (Fall-Winter 2008): 435-441. 10.1080/​ 10402650802495023.

Puddington, Arch, Aili Piano, Eliza Young, and Tyler Roylance, eds. Freedom in the World. 2010 ed. New York: Rowman & Littlefield, 2010.

Rivera, Juan M., and Scott Whiteford. “Mexican Agriculture and NAFTA—Prospects for Change.” Introduction to NAFTA and the Campesinos: the Impact of NAFTA on Small-

Scale Agricultural Producers in Mexico and the Prospects for Change. Edited by Juan

M Rivera, Scott Whiteford, and Miguel Chávez., xiii-xxix. Scranton, PA: University of Scranton Press, 2009. Works Cited
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