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Copy of Poetry Terms
Transcript of Copy of Poetry Terms
Terms of Structure
Verse: one row or line of a poem
Stanza: a group of lines separated by a space
HELPFUL ANALOGY: Essay is to paragraph as poetry is to stanza.
Maybe it just sags
like a heavy load.
Or does it explode?
Enjambment: the breaking of a syntactic unit (a phrase, clause, or sentence) by the end of a line or between two verses.
Two roads diverged in a yellow wood,
And sorry I could not travel both
And be one traveler, long I stood
And looked down one as far as I could
To where it bent in the undergrowth;
Terms of Sound
When rhyming verses are arranged into stanzas, we can identify the RHYME SCHEME.
RHYME SCHEME is identified using letters of the alphabet assigned to certain sounds.
Then took the other, as just as fair,
And having perhaps the better claim,
Because it was grassy and wanted wear;
Though as for that the passing there
Had worn them really about the same,
What happens to a dream deferred?
Does it dry up
Like a raisin in the sun?
Or fester like a sore--
And then run?
Does it stink like rotten meat?
Or crust and sugar over--
like a syrupy sweet?
Rhyme: when the ends of words sound the same.
Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered, weak and weary,
looks like a rhyme, but doesn't sound like one
He fell to the ground
And opened a wound.
ALMOST sounds like a rhyme
The dragon lay slain
Leading to his fame
ASSONANCE: Repetition of the vowel sound in a verse to create internal rhyming.
The tide rises, the tide falls
Consonance: Repetition of the final consonant to create internal rhyming.
Alliteration: Repetition of the initial sound
Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers
Onomatopoeia: Use of a word whose sound imitates or suggests its meaning
Rhythm: musical quality produced by the repetition of stressed and unstressed syllables
Foot: a group of stressed and unstressed syllables
at-tempt com-pare gui-tar
Meter: number of feet per line
Di = 2
Tri = 3
Tetra = 4
Penta = 5
Hexa = 6
Hepta = 7
Then our mother came in
and she said to us two,
"Did you have any fun?
Tell me. What did you do?"
And Sally and I did not
know what to say.
Should we tell her
The things that went on there that day?
Well, what would YOU do
If your mother asked you?
See this nifty little stanza with two rhyming verses that contains a whole thought? That is a COUPLET.
rhyme within a verse
me-lon dou-ble pump-kin
un-der-stand in-ter-rupt con-tra-dict
x x /
x x /
straw-ber-ry man-ne-quin Ste-pha-nie
x x /
/ x x
/ x x
/ x x
January 11th, 2018
Stress and Word Pronunciation
The symbol ' at the beginning of a syllable indicates that that syllable is pronounced with primary stress.