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Transcript of MC Escher
M.C. Escher used his natural mastery of mathematics in his art in order to stimulate viewer’s perception of the world around them.
Style of Painting
M.C. Escher is a modern artist who explored many different styles of art before reaching his own style. In the midst of exploring, Escher became engrossed in the mathematical aspect of art. He is greatly known for using his mathematical knowledge to create tessellations, impossible structures, and optical illusions. Most of the time his art work has symbolic meaning not always noticed when first glanced at.
In the early 1900's Netherlands was leaning towards becoming a socialist party. This rise in socialism caused riots in Netherlands yet the Netherlands managed to remain neutral during World War I. After World War 1 Italy had been left in a weaken state a lot of the population south of Rome was poor and Italy's government was not that strong considering that Italy barely had around 50 years as a nation. Italy also saw a decline in their population due to the large emigration of citizens to America. By 1936 Italy found itself allies with Germany just 3 years before the start of World War II and Spain was dealing with a civil war while this alliance was forming. World War II began and Italy was being used as battle ground countries like Belgium found themselves being invaded during the war breaking their neutrality. The invasion of the Netherlands by Germany resulted in the deaths of over 100,000 Dutch Jews. The aftermath of world War II left the Netherlands in utter shambles but it came back with surprising resiliency.
Pressures in Life
M.C Escher's parents wanted him to follow in his fathers footsteps by becoming an architect as well but Escher's grades at Haarlem's School for Architectural and Decorative Arts weren't very good. To his parents dismay Escher was not going to be an architect.
It make come as surprise but Escher thought that he could not draw with out observing something first imagination alone could not do it for him. Escher use to tell people that if the praying mantis in "Dream" hadn't been perched near him he would have been unable to draw it. Escher lacked confidence in his abilities.
This happens to many artists and it happened to M.C. Escher; he had lost some of his inspiration. Well in 1936 Escher went on tour in Europe to see if sightseeing would re ignite the old flame.
Escher felt as if he couldn't rightfully show the concept of infinity in his works of art. He always thought that he could add more or do something different to show infinity. This is the reason why most of his late works where infinity based.
Life Influences in Art
In 1925 Escher lost his bother in a freak mountaineering accident. The pain caused Escher to reflect on life and that showed in "Days of Creation" because as the name said it shows the creation of the world.
During Escher's rise in fame he was filled with joy and many of his works during the rise reflect his happiness. The art work was more structured and seemed to have a reason.
When Escher was suffering from illness his artwork's awe also declined. People noted that during the times Escher was ill the intricacies in his work where not up to the degree that Escher's earlier works where.
Hand with Reflecting Sphere
Still Life and Street
"I try in my prints to testify that we live in a beautiful and orderly world, not in a chaos without norms, even though that is how it sometimes appears.
" M C Escher
I’m a riddle in nine syllables,
An elephant, a ponderous house,
A melon strolling on two tendrils.
O red fruit, ivory, fine timbers!
This loaf’s big with its yeasty rising.
Money’s new-minted in this fat purse.
I’m a mean, a stage, a cow in calf.
I’ve eaten a bag of green apples,
Boarded the train there’s no getting off.
Similar to Escher, Plath uses mathematics in order to convey her message. Plath wrote a poem with nine lines and nine syllables in each, to stimulate the reader's mind, and help them to better understand her seemingly disconnected poem. Plath's poem explains pregnancy in a vague and confusing way, this method of sharing her ideas mirrors Escher's use of unorthodox images to convey profound ideas.
"Metaphors" by Sylvia Plath
What does it all mean?
This piece depicts Escher himself holding a spherical mirror, in the reflection of the mirror, the viewer can see Escher, and his entire studio around him.
This artwork was created in Italy in 1935. During this time of Escher's life he made many pieces of art containing mirrors. The practice of using mirrors in art was made popular in northern Europe during the 15th century. Escher used "optical geometry" in order to fit the whole world into such a small area(the mirror).
Being a lithograph, this image is technically a mirror image of itself.
What does it all mean?
This piece is directed at anyone who is willing to look. Escher wanted his work to be viewed and understood by everyone.
To show that art creates new worlds. Escher was left handed, and in this piece Escher's left hand supports the sphere, which shows a reflection of his whole world. In a sense Escher's left hand created the world it is now holding.
Escher himself is the speaker in this piece. He is the one holding the sphere, and he is looking directly at the viewer. He is the speaker in this piece because his own ideas are being conveyed in this artwork.
The canvas is but,
an empty stage for the mind
one ready for life
Art fills this canvas
it makes a new entity
one eager for eyes
These eyes can see art
but are held back by the brain,
held back by our past
We hold to logic
afraid of an unknown realm
a place without rules
Art lives in this world
a place where rules are foreign
a place for Escher
Circle Limit IV
Netherlands July 1960
"A woman once rang me up and said, ’Mr. Escher, I am absolutely crazy about your work. In your print Reptiles you have given such a striking illustration of reincarnation.’ I replied, ‘Madame, if that’s the way you see it, so be it.’"
M C Escher
The World of Art
Ascending and Descending
Netherlands March 1960
Concept of Reincarnation
Growing up M.C. Escher was always pushed to be an architect like his father but his low grades at Haarlem's School for Architectural and Decorative Arts prevented him from becoming an architect. However, there Escher was recommended to take graphic arts by his mentor, Samuel Jessurun de Mesquita, causing Escher to become interested in art. Although unable to become an architect, Escher carried what he had learned at Haarlem's with him through his career in his artwork. Following this in the early 1920's Escher visited the Alhambra palace , which is famous for it's Moorish decorative style,in Spain. Escher ended up residing in Rome, Italy for 11 years , there he met his wife Jetta Umiker and started up his art career by doing art shows in Sienna and the Netherlands. By 1929 Escher's fame had risen in Europe so much so that king Emanuel and Benito Mussolini attended his first child's christening. In 1936 Escher started to tour around Europe and once again visited the Alhambra Palace . Many refer to this tour as a beginning to another era of Escher because after his travels he began to draw more landscapes, tessellations, and his experimentation with infinity was started. Approaching the 1950's Escher's fame had gone global and his work with infinity had increased. Sadly, Escher had started to become ill in the late 1960's , resulting in his death on March 27, 1972 at the age of 73.
Inside Alhambra Palace
Haarlem's School for Architectural and Decorative Arts
Concept of Good and Evil
Poincaré Hyperbolic Disk
The world inside and the world outside are united
BY: Henry Ramirez