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History of Film: Culture, Society and Change Part Three 1970s-2000s

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Michael Parkes

on 19 November 2014

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Transcript of History of Film: Culture, Society and Change Part Three 1970s-2000s

Which of the following won an Oscar in the 1970s?
Palestinian Group Hijacks Five Planes
Terrorists Attack at the Olympic Games in Munich
U.S. Pulls Out of Vietnam
U.S. President Nixon Resigns (Watergate Scandal)
Patty Hearst Kidnapped
Iran Takes American Hostages in Tehran
Nuclear Accident at Three Mile Island
What was Happening?
Paranoia & Conspiracy
Capricorn One (1978)

All the Presidents Men (1976)
The Parallax View (1974)
The Stepford Wives (1975)
The Conversation 1974)
Disaster Movies
Airport (1970)
The Towering Inferno (1974)
The Poseidon Adventure (1972)
Sexual Anxiety & Self Examination
Annie Hall (1977)
Invasion of the Body Snatchers (1978)
Last Tango in Paris (1972)
Emmanuelle (1974)
Salo (1975)
The Rocky Horror Picture Show (1974)
Apocalypse Now (1979)
Coming Home (1978)
The Deer Hunter (1978)
Box Office Hits of the 1970s
1 Star Wars (1977)
2Jaws (1975)
3 Grease (1978)
4 Close Encounters ...(1977)
5 The Exorcist (1973)
6 Superman (1978)
7 Saturday Night Fever (1977)
8 Jaws 2 (1978)
9 Moonraker (1979)
10 The Spy who ...(1977)
Cinematic Violence
Race Riots
Campus Unrest
Vietnam Protests
Genocide in Cambodia
Dirty Harry (1971)
Deliverance (1972
Taxi Driver (1976)
Texas Chainsaw Massacre (1974)
Clockwork Orange (1971)
1970s Horror Cinema

The Exorcist (1973)
Halloween (1978)
the Wicker Man (1973)
Demon Seed (1977)
Post Vietnam Cinema
Apocalypse Now (1979)
How are Vietnam War movies different from other War films?
A Clockwork Orange (1971)
Dirty Harry (1971)
The Towering Inferno (1974)
The Poseidon Adventure (1972)
Why were Audiences attracted to Disaster Movies?
1970s Futures
Why was 1970s cinema so Paranoid?
Was this a Golden Decade of cinema?
New Plague Identified as AIDS
Falkland Islands Invaded by Argentina
Reagan Announces Defense Plan Called Star Wars
Space Shuttle Challenger Explodes
Chernobyl Nuclear Disaster
New York Stock Exchange Suffers Huge Drop on "Black Monday"
Pan Am Flight 103 Is Bombed Over Lockerbie
Berlin Wall Falls

They Live (1988)
High Concept Movie
Raiders of the lost Ark (1981)
ET (1982)
Gremlins (1984)
Back to the Future (1985)
The Goonies (1985)
The Colour Purple (1985)
Who Framed Roger Rabbit (1988)

MPPA - sue for copyright infringement
1984 - found in-favour of video tape
Sony vs Universal
Greater control/interactivity
Independents - Video Nasties
Cost $44 million
Took $1.5 million
United Artists merge with MGM
Greater control over directors
'Showmanship not Genius'


80s Director - Steven Spielberg
12-20 age group 48% of audiences
Teenage Movies
Themes of identity
Response to multiplex and video

Ridley and Tony Scott
Adrian Lynne
Alan Parker
Strong UK & US economy
Voodoo economics
White Collar/Service jobs
Collapse of Soviet Communism
Wall Street (1987)
Star Wars Programme
War Games (1983)
High budget
Special Effects
Wide Audience
Fast Paced
Top Gun (1986)
What was Happening?
Beverly Hills Cop 2 (1987)
Heavens Gate (1980)
Producers over Directors
Independent Producers
Creative Artists Agency (CAA) - Michael Ovitz
Sold Pre-Packaged deals
Video Nasties: Moral Panic, Censorship & Videotape
Videodrome (1983)
Aids and Sexuality
Body Horror
Sexual Punishment
Themes of Decay
The Fly (1986)

Friday the 13th
Nightmare on Elm St
Slasher Movies
Conan the Barbarian
The Terminator
Total Recall
The Running Man
Action Movies
Die Hard
Lethal Weapon
Mad Max

Rocky 4 (1985)
What does the popularity of Action Movies say about Audiences in the 1980s
Arnold Schwarzenegger
Brat Pack
Music Video
Was was Spielberg so successful?
UK Cinema - 1980s
101 million admissions in 1980 54 million in 1984
'The British are Coming' - Chariots of Fire
US Funding cut
Forming of Channel 4
Independants (Hand Made films)
Heritage Cinema
Critical of Thatcherism

Room with a View (1985)
My Beautiful Launderette (1985)
High Hopes (1988)
Right to Buy
Falklands War
Growth of Service industries
North/South Divide
Political Landscape
The Long Good Friday (1980)
Educating Rita (1983)
Social Class Anxiety
What do other films from the 80s say about British Society?
Event Movies
Cool Britannia
Combination of music, art and film
Events - Euro 96
Political Shift - New Labour
Full Monty
Brassed Off
Four Weddings and a Funeral
Pre-Millennial Anxiety
Digital Cinema
90s Independant 'Quentin Tarantino'
Why was Tarantino so successful in the 1990s?
Husbands and Wives
La Haine
Breaking the Waves
Blair Witch Project
$35,000 budget
made $248 Million
pioneered internet campaign

"Today a technological storm is raging, the result of which will be the ultimate democratisation of the cinema. For the first time anyone can make movies..."
Toy Story
Forrest Gump
Jurassic Park
Terminator 2
Apollo 13
Reservoir Dogs
Pulp Fiction
Dusk to Dawn
Jackie Brown
Social Commentary
Riff Raff
Nill by Mouth
Film and TV

Men in Black
The Fifth Element
12 Monkeys
Strange Days (1995)
What does 1990s Sci-fi say about pre-millennial anxieties
The Truman Show
Series 7: The Contenders
Life is Sweet (1990)
Human Traffic (1999)
Beautiful Thing
Rancid Aluminum
Lock Stock & Two Smoking Barrels
Human Traffic

Dogme 95
Festen (1998)
Timecode (2000)
Camera more mobile
No film stock costs
Faster editing
Connected distribution
Motivates filmmakers
Jurassic Park (1993)
What makes an Event Movie?
Forrest Gump (1994
What was the best decade for British Film?
Collapse of the Soviet Union
Gulf War
Invention of the Internet
Princess Diana Dies in Car Crash
Scientists Clone Sheep
Fear of Y2K Bug

What was going on?
9/11 - Terrorism
Post 9/11 Horror

Zero Dark Thirty
United 93
World Trade Centre
The Hurt Locker
Michael Moore
Fahrenheit 9/11
Bowling for Columbine
An Inconvenient Truth (2006)
Lord of the Rings
Harry Potter
Post Millennial European Cinema
Dancer in the Dark
The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo
Goodbye Lenin
The Lives of Others
Post 9/11 Batman
Superhero Films
Iron Man
The Incredibles
British Cinema
My Summer of Love
Slumdog Millionaire
Billy Elliot
The Queen
Layer Cake
25th Hour (2002)
Cloverfield (2008)
War of the Worlds (2005)
Environmental Politics
Day after Tomorrow (2004)
Tougher Bond

Casino Royale
Quantum of Solace
Disaster movies
Post-apocalypse setting
Pessimistic endings?
Goodbye Lenin (2003)
Critical of the past
Right wing political enemies
Representations of Gender/Sexuality

Wall-E (2008)
Hot Fuzz (2007)
The Queen (2006)
How can British Cinema continue to compete with the rest of the world?
Why are Superheros so popular today?
Spiderman (2002)
Iron Man (2008)
Bowling for Columbine (2002)
Themes of
Legal restraint

The Dark Knight (2008)
Exorcism of Emily Rose
Global Downturn
Law Abiding Citizen
Wall Street: Money Never Sleeps
Man on a Ledge
Saw 3D 2010
What do the next 10 years have in store?
What Trends have you noticed in the last 10 years?
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