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Invasion of Italy WWII

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Andy Tsang

on 29 January 2013

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Transcript of Invasion of Italy WWII

The Invasion of Italy During WWII By : Andy. T , Chris. C , Michael. V, Simon. Z Advantages Disadvantages & Challenges Bibliography Video The allies wanted to invade Italy first because they thought it would be the "soft underbelly" of Europe.

-However this battle lasted almost two years -Mainland Italy had a rugged terrain. It had muddy conditions and cold rainy weather. -Advancing into Italy was very slow and battles were fought in every part of cities and towns. German Forces A former soldier once experienced German soldiers pretending to surrender to a nearby allies squad. And so as the allied soldiers advanced to take the prisoners, they would be mowed down by machine guns. - The allies gained access to ports in the Mediterranean after their victory in North Africa. - This would allow the allies to send troops and planes from Africa to Italy. - German forces took advantage of the terrain in Italy by creating many defense lines in Italy. - By doing so, allies were able to make many bombing raids that would cripple German supplies and defenses. After the Invasion of Sicily, the Italian army was weakened and Mussolini was overthrown. Italy surrendered once the allies landed on the "foot of Italy but Germany occupied Italy in order to fight against the allies. On July 10 1943, forces landed on the Gulf of Gela and a bit south of Syracuse. Their objective was to take over Sicily. They were successful in their mission but ran into a bit of resistance around the hills of mount Etna. On September 3rd 1943, the Allied troops began a march up from Salerno but encountered heavy resistance from German troops. Technological Advances Tanks and Vehicles -Tanks had some upgrades, including increased speed, armor, and firepower

-The DUKW was a significant development during the war and was being used constantly for troop deployment and also to transport to areas Ships -The WWI Navy battleships was no longer the source of power for the sea. Newly designed aircraft carriers were equipped with greater variety and a heavier power

-Due to the limited time frame in producing new ships, older ships were being upgraded with newly designed components Aircraft -Aircraft development was important during WWII due to its utility throughout the war (ex. as bombers, fighters and reconnaissance.) --

-Bombing raids were being used as an alternative to static trench warfare

-Having control over the air was the objective of both the Allies and the Axis, each put in lots of effort such as; man/woman and machine power as possible to produce the best air weapon

-Near the end of WWII, pilots were flying on jet aircraft. Other advancements such as the radar assisted with the constant upgrading of military aircraft Why Was Invading Italy The Starting Point In Europe? "Advancements in Technology in World War II." The Armed Forces Military Museum. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Jan. 2013.
"Allied Invasion of Italy." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 25 Jan. 2013. Web. 24 Jan. 2013.
Cranny, Michael William, and Garvin Moles. "Tides Turn." Counterpoints: Exploring Canadian Issues. Toronto: Prentice Hall, 2001. N. pag. Print.
"The Dominion Institute - Memory | Democracy | Identity." The Dominion Institute - Memory | Democracy | Identity. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Jan. 2013.
"The History Place - Defeat of Hitler: Allies Invade Italy." The History Place - Defeat of Hitler: Allies Invade Italy. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Jan. 2013.
"Italian Campaign." Italian Campaign. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Jan. 2013.
"Technological Advancements Claim Roots in WWII Era." NewsOK: Oklahoma City News, Sports, Weather, Business & Entertainment OKC. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Jan. 2013.
"Why Did the Allies Invade Italy and North Africa before France?" Yahoo! Answers. Yahoo!, n.d. Web. 24 Jan. 2013.
"World War 2 Facts about Italy?" WikiAnswers. Answers, n.d. Web. 24 Jan. 2013.
"World War II: The Allied Invasion of Europe." The Atlantic. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Jan. 2013. -These defense lines proved to be major obstacles for the allies. The whole invasion of Italy on took almost 2 years, July 10th 1943 to May 8th 1945 -The defenses had bunkers, minefields, artillery, and machine gun emplacements.
How Successful Were They? -PM Winston Churchill thought that the efficient way to reclaim Europe was to invade an island of Sicily then followed by an invasion of Italy.

-They believed Italy was their weak point and to support the Soviet Union How Long Did It Take? At this point in the war, the Italian government agreed to have a truce with the Allies on September 8th 1943. From this truce Mussolini had been placed under arrested by his successor Badoglio, but had been dismissed by King Vector Emannual III before that. Now the British Commonwealth had advanced up the east coast, and had captured a base and a few airfields around Foggia. Importance 5W's Who were involved in the Invasion of Italy? The Allies that were part of this invasion were; Canada, America, Britain and Commonwealth

What did the Allies accomplish and what were their downfalls? By conquering Italy, it forced the German eastern and western fronts to retreat. However in doing so, it created a large number of casualties on the allied side but provided Allies any strategic points from which to attack Germany from. 1. The war in Italy was much more challenging than the allies thought it would be.

2. Many technological advances were made for vehicles during this war.

3.The allies managed to liberate Italy and later on, it would become a valuable asset.

4. The axis had lost a big member in their group.

5. This was a major turning point in the war as the allies began to push the Nazis back. When did the invasion occur and when did it end? Sept 3, 1943 - Sept 1944

Where did this invasion take place? Mainland of Italy, and island of Sicily

Why was this location chosen to be invaded? Italy was their weak point; Churchill believe invading the island of Sicily and Italy would be easier to invade. -This plan was so the Allied troops would follow up to the bottom of Italy, and regroup in southeastern Europe

-Together the Allies force would make up a strong resistant force to stop Hitler "Advancements in Technology in World War II." The Armed Forces Military Museum. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Jan. 2013.
"Allied Invasion of Italy." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 25 Jan. 2013. Web. 24 Jan. 2013.
Cranny, Michael William, and Garvin Moles. "Tides Turn." Counterpoints: Exploring Canadian Issues. Toronto: Prentice Hall, 2001. N. pag. Print.
"The Dominion Institute - Memory | Democracy | Identity." The Dominion Institute - Memory | Democracy | Identity. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Jan. 2013.
"The History Place - Defeat of Hitler: Allies Invade Italy." The History Place - Defeat of Hitler: Allies Invade Italy. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Jan. 2013.
"Invasion of Italy in World War II." Shmoop. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Jan. 2013.
"Italian Campaign." Italian Campaign. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Jan. 2013.
"Technological Advancements Claim Roots in WWII Era." NewsOK: Oklahoma City News, Sports, Weather, Business & Entertainment OKC. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Jan. 2013.
"Why Did the Allies Invade Italy and North Africa before France?" Yahoo! Answers. Yahoo!, n.d. Web. 24 Jan. 2013.
"World War 2 Facts about Italy?" WikiAnswers. Answers, n.d. Web. 24 Jan. 2013.
"World War II: The Allied Invasion of Europe." The Atlantic. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Jan. 2013. When German reinforcements arrived, the allies were diverting most of their recruits for the cross channel invasion in Britain. -The enemy had blown up bridges and blocked roads in order to slow the allies down. odette
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