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Copy of Revision, Study Tips, and Using Your Memory to its Best Advantage

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Abby Trin

on 13 January 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Revision, Study Tips, and Using Your Memory to its Best Advantage

Revision, Study Tips, and Using Your Memory to its Best Advantage Remembering What You Are Learning You need to retain what you learn in as much detail as you can
Not just so you can complete excellent assignments and pass exams, but to get a job and use in the industry
After college, the skills and knowledge you have gained will be invaluable to you
It is much harder than you think to retain everything you learn
However with the right techniques and understanding of how your memory works, you can retain and use a high standard of information and skills We consolidate and analyse information in sleep, which advances our understandings of ideas and knowledge and connects this information to existing knowledge. Re-capping your revision/studies before you go to sleep will help you remember what you have learned very quickly

For this to work properly you need to get a good night's sleep to allow your brain to go through the full sleep cycle

Try it! Re-cap a complicated fact that you struggle to remember before bed tonight, and when you wake up try to remember it straight away. Learning in Your Sleep Acronyms An acronym is a group of letters which are each the beginning letter for a word that you need to remember. The letters together spell a word (made-up or real)!

E.g. remembering North, East, South and West by 'Never Eat Shredded Wheat'

Use this if you need to remember a list of words or phrases - you can remember the acronym to trigger your memory of each individual word by the letter it begins with Have you ever sat and read a page of revision and ten minutes later you realise nothing went in?

This is because you're mind is not actively engaged - you're just 'passively reading.' Your brain isn't processing the information, you're just hearing or seeing the words. Some people are better at retaining written information than others, but we all need to learn actively

Instead of reading passively, you can do a number of things to get your mind engaged:

Highlighting, underlining, testing yourself, re-writing the information in your own words, drawing diagrams, explaining it to someone else... Be Active Not Passive Find Out Your Brain's Most Efficient Way of Processing Information Brains encode and store information when we learn. Information can be visual, auditory and kinaesthetic (spatial, physical etc).

Some people's brains process one or two of these types of information much better than others, for example visual information. This makes it easier for you to recall information presented to you in this way

You can then make sure you take notes and record what you have learnt in the way that works best for you Has there ever been a time in your life that you're not worried about something?

We are always worried or stressed or at least preoccupied about something whether it is small or big.

Put those worries and stresses on hold while learning. While your attention is focused on your outside troubles you won't be able to pay attention to the lesson/revision

It is easier said than done, but remember you can sort problems out after college, after lessons, after exams. And there's always tutors available to help you. However if you don't focus when you're supposed to you'll have even more things to worry about, like not passing! Leave Outside Troubles Outside How Your
Memory Works Your brain accesses the information and brings it back into your current thought processes (conscious thought) Short-Term Memory You can recall most information you hear or see, after a few seconds, if it is only stored in your short term memory (stage 1) and you don't process it into long-term memory
You can remember up to 7 pieces of information this way for a number of seconds, but the brain will not retain any more than this (e.g. 7 numbers or 7 names)
You can group things together into 'chunks' to maximise this ability
E.g. when remembering a phone number ready to dial it How Your
Memory Works The stages can be interrupted or not even take place, and this results in you not remembering the information, which means you HAVE NOT LEARNED IT!

For the first stage to work you need to focus and pay attention

For the second stage to work you need to gain meaning and understanding from the information, rehearse it, and not be too tired, or intoxicated

For the third stage to work the first two stages need to have worked Short-term memory is not ideal for learning as you will never be able to recall the information, it is only used as a sort of 'sketchpad' while the brain processes information.

If you are told a list of words you need to remember, its no use just reading them or hearing them (short-term memory), you need to relate the words to your existing knowledge or categorise them. You need to UNDERSTAND and INTERPRET the information, not just experience it (long-term memory)
Your brain will do this naturally, but you need to be INTERESTED, MOTIVATED and AWAKE for this to happen Short-Term
Class experiement

Tell your partner a list of five random words which are long, or difficult.
Do not write them down
After 1 minute get your partner to repeat them back to you as a list.
How many did they remember?

Now tell your partner a list of five difficult words but also tell them why you chose them, or what you know about them
Then after a few minutes get them to repeat them back to you
How many did they remember? Before you can remember anything you have learned, all information goes through three stages in your brain.
For you to be able to remember it, the three stages must work properly Your brain focusses on and interprets the information and gathers meaning from it (at this point its in your short term memory) Your brain relates the information to existing information, organises it and stores it in your long-term memory How Your
Memory Works 1 3 2 1 2 3 Go over what you have learned!

If you read it/hear it once you'll be lucky if if you can remember it. If you read it/hear it twice you're far more likely to remember it! This is consolidating and reinforcing the information, and its very effective

Revise in a logical order. This helps your brain organize and store information efficiently ready for when you need to retrieve it again

It doesn't take long to read your notes or quickly explain what you have learned to someone else. Recapping is vital for remembering Revise and Rehearse! Keep your work organised and make sure you don't throw away valuable hand-outs or pieces of work

Use your memory to its best potential. Your brain is more capable that it knows!
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