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F W Taylor
Transcript of F W Taylor
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Born in 1856 in Germantown, Pennsylvania, into a wealthy Quaker family
First learned to use time as a management tool whilst attending Phillips Exeter Academy
He was an American mechanical engineer who sought to improve industrial efficiency
He summarised his ideas in his book 'Principles of scientific management' which was published in 1911
Died 21st March 1915
He believed in finding the right jobs for workers and then paying them for the increased output.
Fredrick Winslow Taylor
His methods did make a difference as they were widely adopted as businesses saw some of the benefits of his theory, however..
Individual differences were not considered
Employees became worried about their jobs
In order to meet productivity targets, quality could suffer
Supervisors were needed to maintain quality and efficiency
The repetitive nature of the work was demotivating and boring
Taylor's four principles
Taylor's theory of scientific management
1. Use the scientific method to study work and determine the most efficient way to perform specific tasks.
2. Match workers to their jobs based on capability and motivation, and train them to work at maximum efficiency.
3. Monitor workers performances, and ensure they are working as efficiently as possible.
4. Allocate the work between managers and workers
'Saw humans as machines with financial needs'
redrick Winslow Taylor
orkers motivated by pay
heory of scientific management
lways about efficiency
ack of enjoyment
utput suffered to meet productivity targets
edundancies led to strikes
awn - the tasks were repetitive
He also considered the principle of 'tight managment control',
He promoted the idea of 'extreme division of labour'
Considered money to be the main factor that motivated workers
Set out his ideas in 1911, with great emphasis on the scientific approach - that people respond well to incentives