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Transcript of Critical analysis
Centre for Academic Practice
and Learning Enhancement
Coming to a
Challenging flawed reasoning
I agree with X because…
I disagree with Y because…
I partly agree…
Although X is partly right…
Readers and purposes
I keep six honest serving men
(They taught me all I knew);
Their names are What and Why and When
And How and Where and Who
1. Conjecture - facts
Is there a problem?
How do we define this type of issue?
How do we classify it?
How serious is this?
What happens if we don't do something?
What should be done?
Should anything be done?
Who says what? About the London riots?
Achieving stasis – identifying where people agree
An argument has reasons that support a conclusion
It is likely to be based on assumptions
The main assumption is known as the premise
All men are mortal (premise)
Socrates is a man (assumption)
Therefore Socrates is mortal (conclusion)
findings from experiments
is relevant to the conclusion
supports the conclusion
should not rely on an invalid assumption
is something taken for granted
may not be the same for everyone
could be hidden
Is deduction based on logic
Can be contrasted with implication
A writer implies; a reader infers
All and some…
Not causal relationship
Relevant, consistent, based on reasoning and best evidence
Making a judgement
What claims are you making?