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Critical analysis

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by

Christine Sinclair

on 2 July 2013

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Transcript of Critical analysis

Critical
Analysis
Skills

Questioning
Making
connections

Reasoning
Christine Sinclair,
Centre for Academic Practice
and Learning Enhancement
Coming to a
Conclusion

Constructing
an argument

Challenging flawed reasoning
I agree with X because…
I disagree with Y because…
I partly agree…
Although X is partly right…
Previous writing
Previous reading
Readers and purposes
I keep six honest serving men
(They taught me all I knew);
Their names are What and Why and When
And How and Where and Who
(Rudyard Kipling)
Stasis Theory

1. Conjecture - facts
What happened?
Is there a problem?

2. Definition
How do we define this type of issue?
How do we classify it?

3. Quality
How serious is this?
What happens if we don't do something?

4. Policy
What should be done?
Should anything be done?
Who says what? About the London riots?
Achieving stasis – identifying where people agree
An argument has reasons that support a conclusion
It is likely to be based on assumptions
The main assumption is known as the premise
All men are mortal (premise)
Socrates is a man (assumption)
Therefore Socrates is mortal (conclusion)
Evidence… e.g.

findings from experiments
statistics
examples
A reason…

is relevant to the conclusion
supports the conclusion
should not rely on an invalid assumption
An assumption…

is something taken for granted
may not be the same for everyone
could be hidden
Inference

Is deduction based on logic
Can be contrasted with implication
A writer implies; a reader infers
All and some…
Wrong assumptions
Bias
Irrelevance
Not causal relationship
Emotion
Authority
Poor evidence
Inconsistency
Relevant, consistent, based on reasoning and best evidence
Making a judgement
What claims are you making?
Full transcript