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The Trojans

8th graders reading "Black Ships Before Troy" will learn about the Trojan Horse, Trojan War, Helena, and Greek Mythology

Theresa Quilici

on 5 March 2013

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Transcript of The Trojans

Beware of Greeks bearing gifts! The 10-year Trojan War was at a stalemate.

And then... The Trojan War, in Greek mythology, was fought between the Greeks and the people of Troy. When the Trojan prince, Paris, abducted Helen, wife of Menelaus of Sparta, he demanded her return. The Trojans refused, so Menelaus persuaded his brother Agamemnon (King, Mycenae/Argos) to lead an army against Troy. Most of what we know about the Trojan War and afterwards was written in Homer's epic poems the "Illiad" and the "Odyssey." Key Players in Events that Began Trojan War Helen of Sparta kidnapped wife of Demanded her return Agamemnon Menelaus Menelaus persuaded his brother to lead a Greek army to Troy to get Helen back. The "Mask of Agamemnon" was discovered by Heinrich Schliemann in 1876 at Mycenae. It is believed to pre-date the Trojan War. The Greek heroes Achilles
Two warriors named Ajax Where They Were From (In no particular order) When the Greeks sailed for Troy, their fleet was trapped by unfavorable winds at Aulis. The seer Calchas revealed that their misfortune was due to Agamemnon, who had boasted that he equaled Artemis in hunting. The winds would only change if Agamemnon's daughter Iphigenia was sacrificed. Agamemnon reluctantly agreed to the sacrifice, but Artemis, herself, whisked Iphigenia away from the altar and substituted a deer in her place. Achilles is the quintessentially heroic subject of Homer's "Iliad." The "Iliad" is a narrative about the Trojan War set in the 12th century B.C., highlighting Achilles victories. He was untouchable. More on Achilles
Achilles attained immortality when his mother, Thetis, dipped him in the river Styx (the river that indicated the boundary between the earth and the underworld). While doing so, Thetis held him by the heel. Hence, his heel was the only part of his body that remained vulnerable. This story has given rise to the modern term of Achilles heel. Of note: These great warriors weren't entirely thrilled to go off to war. Odysseus feigned madness. Achilles tried to pretend he was a woman. But Agamemnon saw through Odysseus' ruse and Odysseus tricked Achilles into revealing himself. For nine years the Greeks ravaged Troy's surrounding cities and countryside, but the city, well fortified and commanded by Hector, held out. After the war, it was time for Odysseus and the other Greeks to return to their kingdoms across the sea. The "Odyssey" is set in the ten years that follow. The map shows his journey. Little did they know that it would take so long to return home. Everyone assumed Odysseus had died, and his wife Penelope and son Telemachus were forced to fend off unruly suitors. But there was a prophecy about Achilles: He would either live long and be forgotten or have a short life but live forever in memory. It was HIS choice. Achilles was the son of Thetis ( sea goddess/ sea-nymph) and Peleus (King of Phthia). In Greek mythology, Calchas (Κάλχας) was the son of Thestor and a seer. He'd interpret both the flight of birds and the the entrails of the enemy during war. Artemis was the Hellenic goddess of the hunting, wild animals, wilderness, childbirth, purity, and protector of young girls. She is often depicted as a huntress carrying a bow and arrows.
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