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What Do I Need to Include in My I.O.P.?
Transcript of What Do I Need to Include in My I.O.P.?
What Do I Need to Include in My I.O.P.?
-Plot (connect moments of text that are relevant to your topic/give context for topic)
-Characters (what is revealed/what do we learn in this situation or in relation to this topic about characters involved - not every character individually - only those who are relevant)
-Literary Device(s) that connect to your topic and theme/author's purpose
-Theme (how does this support the overall/universal message of the text)
-Author's purpose: cultural, historical or authorial context
-Visual (an image to support your topic/
Start with Theme
Essentially, you should open with a thesis. The main goal is to answer your question by exploring its topic and connecting it to the text as a whole.
Example opening: “In (the name of a novel), the (author) illustrates the theme of (insert theme
here) through the use of (literary devices).”
Answer the Question
Connect your question to your opening by introducing your reponse to the question.
Examples: "This is best shown when..."
"The author exemplifies this in..."
"The readers see this theme
clearly expressed and this
device used when...
Connect to the plot as a whole by examining relevant moments that connect to your topic.
Questions to consider include:
-What role does the event covered in the IOP play in the text as a whole?
-Is it the culmination of a series of events begun earlier?
-Does it foreshadow something that will occur later?
-How does this event connect to, cause, or how is it caused by other events in the story?
-What changes happen or don't happen because of this event?
-How does the author reveal or develop characters during this segment of the text?
-Where are these characters in their story arc at this point, and how does this moment relate to where they wind up at the end?
-Look especially at what characters think and what they say to and about one another.
-Are they reliable (can we trust their assessments of events and people)? How do you know?
-Do they lie to other characters or to us? To themselves?
-Consider the characters not included in this scene. Are they intentionally left out? How is this character affected by the presence
or absence of other characters?
Remember to focus in on a device ONLY IF IT SUPPORTS YOUR TOPIC. Do not simply choose a device. Also, keep in mind that you are not just identifying a device. You need to discuss why it's there and connect to your theme/thesis.
-Why is IT there (instead of another device, or not device at all)?
-Why is it THERE (instead of elsewhere)?
-WHAT literary devices does the author use in developing this portion of the text?
-HOW does each device function?
-WHY does the author write the passage this way instead of another way?
Draw your presentation back together by restating and expanding upon your thesis - the connection to the theme.
-Which theme or themes from the book does this portion of the text develop? How? Does it convince the reader of the author's stance? Does it offer an altenative? Weaken his or her stance?
-Does this introduce the theme for the first time? Connect back to a previous moment?
-Can you reinforce the theme by connecting the passage you chose
Connect your topic/thesis to the major purposes of the text.
Consider the historical and cultural contexts that influenced the writing of the text as well as any authorial background that is significant.
Essentially, what does the author want the reader to do/think after reading the text?