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Transcript of Africville
Africville was located near the Bedford Basin. It had started off with aborigional people.
What was Africville?
Africville was a small community located on the southern shore of Bedford Basin, in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.
• the settlement took on the name of the road that was built around the Bedford Basin to connect to Halifax (Campbell Road Settlement)
This video is about a woman talking about the distruction of Africville and it also shows Africville being destroyed.
We apologize for the heartache experienced at the loss of the Seaview United Baptist Church, the spiritual heart of the community, removed in the middle of the night. We acknowledge the tremendous importance the church had, both for the congregation and the community as a whole. We realize words cannot undo what has been done, but we are profoundly sorry and apologize to all the former residents and their descendants.
— Peter Kelly, Africville Apology
On 24 February 2010 Halifax Mayor Peter Kelly made the Africville Apology, apologizing for the eviction as part of a $4.5-million compensation deal. Among other things, Kelly said
The land had been sold off to black families in the 1800’s . Many of them had been slaves that have escaped to Canada or the black loyalists from the war of 1812.
It had been named Africville in the 1900’s but before this it was originally names Campell Road Settlement. The name only came into use because of the amount of colored people that had settled here.
The houses in Africville had ranged from small house to shacks. 65% of the people living here hadworked as domestic servants.
In 1883, Africville had recieved it's first school. But none of the teachers had fromal training until 1930's. Due to the people being responsible for their funding.
Afcriville ws denied of proper roads, street lights and electricity. Their was constant protests by the residents.
In 1853, their was a prison built. Later after the prison their was a slaughterhouse, an infectious disease hospital and also a city dump.
After WWII the population had gained a population of 400 people.
• the first recorded land purchase ( though oral history suggests that some of the families can trace their roots back to the 1700’s)
• the first baptism took place in the Bedford Basin.
• some houses were removed for the construction of the Intercolonial Railway.
• Africville petitioned the government for financial aid to support a qualified teacher.
• the first school was established
• Africville was officially designated as industrial land
• Funds for water and sewer services were approved by the Halifax City Council but never installed
• Africville school closed
• The last resident ‘Pa Carvery’ left his home
• The Africville Genealogy Society (AGS) was formed.
• First annual Africville Reunion in the park
• Africville declared a National Historic Site
• The UN officially states that the treatment and destruction of Africville was a crime against humanity.
• HRM Public Apology given by former Mayor, Peter Kelly.
• Partial land transfer
• Ground-breaking ceremony for the replica Church
• Completion of replicated Church,
• Official opening to the public and Exhibit launch
• Inaugural Christmas Tree and Church Lighting Ceremony
• The city dump was set up near the church
• The North Shore Development Plan called for the removal of Africville
1962 – 64
• Community engagement regarding the relocation of Africville which was approved by the Halifax City Council
• The relocation of Africville began
• The last baptism took place in the Bedford Basin
1964 – 67
• Africville residents relocated and their homes destroyed