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Taiggan Pomery

on 31 May 2013

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Miss Pomery Year 11 English
Poetry Assignment The Poems Extended Metaphor TaaaaDaaaaa 'Sonnet 18' - William Shakespeare

'The Road Not Taken' - Robert Frost

'O Captain! My Captain!' - Walt Whitman Introduction All three poems use similar techniques to examine the themes of 'Carpe Diem', time and mortality.

The main techniques that were used include;
- extended metaphors
- similes
- personification
- structure
- rhyme and rhythm The majority of the poems have used an extended metaphor to demonstrate the key themes of time and mortality.

'Sonnet 18' written by William Shakespeare uses summer as a metaphor for beauty

'The Road Not Taken' written by Robert Frost uses two roads in a wood as a metaphor for making choices in life and seizing the day

'O Captain! My Captain!' written by Walt Whitman uses a ship, captain and voyage as a metaphor for the United States, Abraham Lincoln and the Civil Rights movement. I hope you have thoroughly enjoyed your brief introduction to PREZI and have found some inspiration for your own assignment. Extended Metaphors The poets have successfully used extended metaphors to demonstrate the key themes of time and mortality.

The extended metaphors evoke emotion within the reader and allow the audience to relate to the ideas and themes in a deeper manner. Personification Structure The structure of each poem is unique, however; it always significantly impacts the meaning of the poem.

'Sonnet 18' written by William Shakespeare follows the traditional Shakespearean sonnet structure.
14 lines made up of 3 quatrains and a rhyming couplet.
The rhyme scheme of abab cdcd efef gg can be found in all Shakespearean sonnets.

The rhyming couplets are particularly important in emphasizing the key themes of time and immortality. 'Sonnet 18' - William Shakespeare The narrator or speaker of the poem asks "Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?"
He then states that the subject is better than a summer's day, because summer is unpredictable
and is 'too short a date'; whereas the subject's beauty is everlasting and 'temperate'.

The speaker then immortalizes the subject by stating "as long as men can breathe and eyes can see/ long lives this and this gives life to thee" The Road Not Taken - Robert Frost The narrator of the poem reaches a fork in the road and must decide between two roads. The speaker contemplates which road he should take and 'looked down one as far as [he] could'. He decides that both are 'really about the same'. However, to help make his decision he predicts that he will 'tell this with a sigh/somewhere ages and ages hence' and will have made the right decision stating that he 'took the one less traveled by/and that has made all the difference'. 'O Captain! My Captain!' 'O Captain! My Captain!' is a poem written about Abraham Lincoln - the 'captain' of this poem. The poem discusses Lincolns involvement in the American Civil Rights movement. Personification is used in 'Sonnet 18'.

Shakespeare personifies both the sun, 'his gold complexion dimmed' and death 'nor shall death brag thou wander'st in his shade'.
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