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SGAPUSH---The Progressive Era, 1901-1918
Transcript of SGAPUSH---The Progressive Era, 1901-1918
Progressives sought moderate political changes and social improvement through government action
Who were the Progressives?
Direct election of U.S. senators (17th Amendment)
Initiative, Referendum, and Recall
Origins in state reform dating to 1890s
Middle-class, urban heavy
Strong Protestant strain
Centralized political leadership (Roosevelt/LaFollete for GOP and Wilson and Bryan for Dems) helps it take hold nationally
*An unrivaled faith in democracy*
Crash Course on Progressivism
...and don't foget...
Retronaut Curation of Riis' 'How the Other Half Lives'
Investigative journalism as a means to rouse political action and reform.
...it even helps give rise to the field of Public Relations as corporations sought to manage their image
Jacob Riis--"How the Other Half Lives"
Ida Tarbell--"The History of the Standard Oil Company"
Upton Sinclair--"The Jungle"
Lincoln Steffens--"The Shame of the Cities"
Journalism mattered. Truth mattered. But like many things, the introduction of money and the need to sell more copies led to sensationalism and corruption.
Roosevelt's belief in executive power & the "bully pulpit" helps usher in the progressive movement at the national level.
Roosevelt's "Square Deal"---neither pro-labor or pro-business....but kind of pro-labor.
Strengthening of the ICC w/ Elkins Act (1903)
Pure Food and Drug Act & Meat Inspection Act
Taft's continuation of Roosevelt's policies. Sort of...
(Payne-Aldrich Tariff, Pinchot-Ballinger controversy, shift to conservative wing in mid-term elections
Rise of the Socialist Party
Booker T. Washington