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SGAPUSH---The Progressive Era, 1901-1918

AMSCO Chapter 20

Justin Cerenzia

on 22 February 2014

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Transcript of SGAPUSH---The Progressive Era, 1901-1918

The Progressive Era
Progressives sought moderate political changes and social improvement through government action
Who were the Progressives?
Political Reform
Direct Primaries
Direct election of U.S. senators (17th Amendment)
Initiative, Referendum, and Recall
Origins in state reform dating to 1890s
Middle-class, urban heavy
Strong Protestant strain
Centralized political leadership (Roosevelt/LaFollete for GOP and Wilson and Bryan for Dems) helps it take hold nationally
*An unrivaled faith in democracy*
Australian Ballots
Crash Course on Progressivism
...and don't foget...
The Muckrakers
Retronaut Curation of Riis' 'How the Other Half Lives'
Investigative journalism as a means to rouse political action and reform.
...it even helps give rise to the field of Public Relations as corporations sought to manage their image
Jacob Riis--"How the Other Half Lives"
Ida Tarbell--"The History of the Standard Oil Company"
Upton Sinclair--"The Jungle"
Lincoln Steffens--"The Shame of the Cities"
Journalism mattered. Truth mattered. But like many things, the introduction of money and the need to sell more copies led to sensationalism and corruption.
Economic Reform
Roosevelt's belief in executive power & the "bully pulpit" helps usher in the progressive movement at the national level.
Roosevelt's "Square Deal"---neither pro-labor or pro-business....but kind of pro-labor.
Strengthening of the ICC w/ Elkins Act (1903)
Pure Food and Drug Act & Meat Inspection Act
Taft's continuation of Roosevelt's policies. Sort of...
(Payne-Aldrich Tariff, Pinchot-Ballinger controversy, shift to conservative wing in mid-term elections
Rise of the Socialist Party
Social Reform
WEB DuBois
Booker T. Washington
Full transcript