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Ryan Sharp

on 18 June 2014

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Transcript of Architecture

What can you make with an arch?
Tunnel Vault
Several arches placed back to back
Building Materials
masonry: strong, heavy, but spaces where mortar is are weak, so tends to be used on relatively smaller buildings
Perceiving the Arts

design by Dóri Sirály for Prezi
What is Architecture?
Basic Structures
A horizontal lintel is supported by two posts
Columns supporting a horizontal beam is another example
Brief History
Architecture is...
The art and science of designing and constructing buildings and other physical structures.
The style of a building with regard to a specific period, place, or culture.
Brief History of Modern Architecture
Stress distributes outward from keystone to legs.
Roman Arch
Corbelled Arch
*No Keystone, but graduated
The Art of Sheltering
"Architecture often is described as the art of sheltering. To consider it as such, we must use the term sheltering very broadly. Obviously, types of architecture exist within which people do not dwell and under which they cannot escape the rain. Architecture encompasses more than buildings. So, we can consider architecture as the art of sheltering people both physically and spiritually from the raw elements of the unaltered world."
- Perceiving the Arts: An Introduction to the Humanities, Dennis J. Sporre.
Keeps the legs of an arch from bowing outward
Flying Buttress
Keeps the legs of an arch from bowing, and isn't solid
Several placed side by side
What else can you make with an arch
Groin Vault
When two tunnel vaults intersect at a ninety-degree angle
Ribbed Vault
Protruding masonry along the joining lines
An overhanging beam or floor supported at only one end
More Stuff
A system of construction in which the wall supports itself, along with the roof and floors
"What you see is what you get"
Think log cabins or stone cottages

Skeleton Frame
When a building is supported by a framework. Usually, the walls you see are the "skin" of the skeleton.
"More to it than what you see"
Lots of modern building: houses, skyscrapers, etc.
light-weight, easy to find, but weaker and has environmental impact
relatively new, strong, can build high
seems limited aesthetically.
similar to stone, but starts as a liquid, so easier to work with and does not have the same points of weakness
Similar to other arts, though balance is important practically
Full transcript