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BTEC Health and Social Care Unit 2

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Alex Liddell

on 7 September 2016

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Transcript of BTEC Health and Social Care Unit 2

Unit 2: Equality, Diversity and Rights in health and social care
Aims and Purpose of the unit

Develop understanding of concepts related to equality, diversity and rights in health and social care.
Gain knowledge of discriminatory practice and means of combating this.
Develop understanding of national initiatives that promote anti-discriminatory practice in health and social care settings.
Three key words

Equality, Diversity and Rights.

Essential that you fully understand these in terms of a
health and social care setting
Terry Pratchett campaigning for the right-to-die.

Women and men are entitled to the same pay.

A multi- cultural society.

Means to accept and respect people of all backgrounds.

These govern the way we act, it is unlawful to not follow these.

All people should be treated alike.




Match the definition and example

Equality-Being equal, especially in rights, status or opportunities. All individuals should be treated equally, and there are laws in place to ensure that this happens. In accordance with the law, organisations have equality policies to ensure that everyone is treated equally.

Diversity means accepting and respecting differences. This means everyone is recognised as being different and their difference is valued and respected.

Rights-Rights are legal entitlements. For example, an individual has a right to live in society without being abused or intimated because of their gender, sexuality, race, skin colour, beliefs or culture.


Two people out the front

You have 20 questions to ask them to see how different they are from each other

e.g Birth place, age of mother, fathers job
Examples of diversity in British culture: Food

Equality, Diversity and Rights

Other examples of diversity in British culture: Music

Equality, Diversity and Rights

Trevor McDonald

Other examples of diversity in British culture: TV

Equality, Diversity and Rights

Simon Schama

Heenal Raichura

Stephen Hawking

Below are some of the differences in the 65 million people who made up the UK population in 2014:
64% were aged 16-64
18% were over 65 2% increase since 2004
19% were under 15
2.6 million people in the North East
8.5 million people in London
Equality is ensuring individuals or groups of individuals are treated fairly and equally and no less favourably, specific to their needs, including areas of race, gender, disability, religion or belief, sexual orientation and age.
Equality is not about treating everyone in the same way, but it recognises that their needs are met in different ways.

It also means that people are given equal opportunities in relation to access to education, employment and different services.

What would happen if you were understanding of diversity however not inequality?
Task 1
1. What is the Equality act (2010)
2. How does this act effect health
and social care workers and service users?
Lesson 1
Lesson 2
Social and Cultural Benefits of Diversity
The Arts
The arts provide a valuable way of bringing diversity to a wide audience. For example films made in other countries can demonstrate culture from around the world in a way that may intrigue as well as educate people.
Schools and colleges now include a wide range of cultures and languages.

Education is an important tool in helping to get rid of ignorance about diversity.

Learning another language can be very beneficial for health professionals, whether it be a foreign language or sign language.
Benefits of Diversity

Another good reason to enjoy a multicultural society is its food.

Name as many multi-cultural foods that are common in the UK as possible...

This information is very important for the health and social care profession, as individual tastes have to be taken into account.
Tolerance is a very important quality to have when working in health and social care. You will come across people who you don't get along with or have different views, this is life and has to be accepted.
Social Cohesion
When a community sticks together. Belonging to a community is very important to human behavior, as it provides a safe and understanding environment.
Halal meat

Halal food is that which adheres to Islamic law, as defined in the Koran.

The Islamic form of slaughtering animals or poultry involves killing through a cut to the jugular vein, carotid artery and windpipe.

Video: start at 1.26

What are your opinions of halal meat becoming more widespread?

How would this affect users of health and social care?
All organisations are required by law to train their staff in equality, diversity and rights.
Health and social team members need to form this type of bond. Working in diverse teams requires each member to respect all the others in the team. Without this the team would fail.
Economic benefits of diversity

The many diverse shops all add up to a richly varied community. Imports and exports now make this a global community. In terms of the health and social care profession, new techniques and equipment are shared around the world, meaning everyone benefits from diversity.
Employment and expertise

The Race Relations Act (2000) promoted
race equality, equality of oppurtunity and good relations in public services such as the health and social care sector. This has helped to build an appropriate diverse workforce.
Scenario: A local hospital has sent out a poster to local schools and colleges giving details of a competition to produce a presentation on: ‘The concepts, description and effects of discrimination within health and social care’. The presentation is to publicise a NHS project to help break down discrimination within the health service, and the winning presentation will be used in staff training.

Task: You are going to produce and deliver a presentation that explains the concepts of equality, diversity and rights, describes discriminatory practice and the potential effect of this practice on health and social care professionals in a health and social care setting.

What are the benefits of diversity to the general public and communities?
Points to consider (1 slide for each bullet point);
Benefits of diversity:
• social/cultural, (choose 3) e.g. the arts, diet, education, language, cultural enrichment, tolerance,
• social cohesion;
• economic, (choose 1) e.g. employment, expertise

In this unit you will need to talk about equality, diversity and rights in relation to four key types of health and social care setting.
Setting 1: Residential care

This setting is where a person is cared for in a safe and secure home and environment. People who use this care may not be able to live on their own and maintain their health, but do not necessarily. The care caters for the persons social care needs which may include:
Personal care
Encouraging independence
A range in health visits
Ensuring they take their medication
Setting 2: Day care

This type of care is for people who need care on a daily basis but not in a residential home. They still live in their own home but can access the day care they require to maintain their health.
Examples include: physiotherapy, occupational therapy, visiting local community day care centre, visits to see health care professionals.
Setting 3: Nursing care

Nursing care covers a wide range of treatment for people of all ages. Great Ormond Street hospital treats sick children, mental health nurses based in hospitals, GP practices, community centres who may treat elderly patients.

Specialist nursing staff include:
Practice nurses
Ward nurses
School nurses
Mental health nurses
Paediatric nurses
Setting 4: Domiciliary care

This means 'at home'. This may be the persons choice for example they may want to give birth at home, a health visitor who is checking in a person just released from hospital, a meal service is being provided for people who cannot cook at home, a terminally ill person who wants to die at home.

Lesson 3
Task-The following points need to be added to your power point. 1 slide for each point

• correct use of, (choose 10) e.g. equality, equity, diversity, rights, opportunity, difference, overt discrimination, covert discrimination, stereotyping, labelling, prejudice, disadvantage, beliefs, values, vulnerability, abuse, empowerment, independence, interdependence, racism, sexism, homophobia

• health and/or social care settings, (choose 2) e.g. residential, day care, nursing care, domiciliary care

Active promotion of equality and individual rights in health and social care settings:
• principles of the care value base;
• putting the patient/service user at the heart of service provision, (choose 3) e.g. providing active support, promoting individuals’ rights, choices and well being, anti-discriminatory practice, empowering patient’s/service users;
• dealing with tensions and contradictions;
• staff development and training;
• practical implications of confidentiality, (choose 2) e.g. recording, reporting, storing and sharing of information

Individual rights:
• the right to be respected, treated equally and not discriminated against, treated as an individual, treated in a dignified way, allowed privacy, protected from danger and harm, allowed access to information about themselves, be able to communicate using their preferred methods of communication and language, cared for in a way that meets their needs, takes account of their choices and protects them

Know how anti-discriminatory practice is promoted in health and social care settings
Active promotion of anti-discriminatory practice:
Ethical principles
Putting the patient/service user at the heart of service provision:
providing active support consistent with the beliefs, culture and preferences of the individual
supporting individuals to express their needs and preferences
empowering individuals,
promoting individuals’ rights, choices and wellbeing;
• balancing individual rights with the rights of others;
• dealing with conflict
• identifying and challenging discrimination

Personal beliefs and value systems: influences on,
• Culture
• Beliefs
• past events
• socialisation
• environmental influences
• health and wellbeing
• developing greater self-awareness and tolerance of differences
• committing to the care value base
• careful use of language
• working within legal, ethical and policy guidelines

This next piece of work is on how anti-discriminatory practices are promoted in Health and Social care

The active promotion of anti-discriminatory practice

Ethical principles

What is ethics?

Within H+S care there are four principles that have to be taken into account:

1. Justice: People must be treated fairly no matter what their background
2.Autonomy: A persons choice must be respected
3. Beneficence: The involves risks and costs: professional should act in a way that is best for the patient
4.Non-maleficence: Any harm caused by treatment should not outweigh the benefits of a treatment

Task: Pick one of the above and explain what effect would it have if it was not taken into account
It is very important to make sure that health and social care professional s put the individual at the heart of the service provision, there are many ways this is implemented
1. Provide active support consistent with the beliefs, culture and preferences of the individual

For example, if an individual you are caring for follows the Muslim faith you will need to ensure that Halal meat is available on the menu and they have an area in which to pray. They may also need the support of an advocate.

2. Support individuals in expressing their needs and preferences

This may mean supporting an individual who is Deaf in expressing their needs and preferences by organising communication support

3. Empowering individuals.
An individual can be empowered if everything that needs to be done for their care is explained to them and they are asked if they understand what they need.
This gives them control of the service and empowers them in the decisions being made. See other prezi.

4. Promoting individual rights, choices well being.
Helping with language needs so no information is lost or misunderstood.
5. Balancing individuals rights with the rights of others.
This requires organisation, negotiating and communication skills. You may also require other services to ensure a solution is effectively created.
6. Dealing with conflicts.
This is a crucial part of health and social care. If these are not dealt with people can become angry and aggressive.

When dealing with conflicts, you need to be calm, professional and positive!
you will need to :
see it from both sides
be willing to listen
not take sides
not sulk and let things fester!
be good at quick thinking

7. Identify and challenge discrimination.
If you think discrimination is happening you must challenge it.
this can be done by:
implementing government policies and guidelines at local levels
staff training and development,
challenging work colleagues who demonstrate discriminatory practice
challenge inappropriate language
telling a higher authority.
Adapting activities and environments
An individuals physical, sensory or learning diabilities, or their mental health problems may limit their ability to live independently.

How could you help this man to put on his shoe?
Adapting a persons home can can empower those with mobility problems of other physical disabilities to live independently
Empowering Vulnerable People
Health and social care workers should always try to ensure that individuals dont become to independent on them.

What will happen if they relied on them too much?

Empower: Giving the opportunity or power to do something?
How many parents, grandparents etc went to Walker?
Claire Balding and Ade Adepitan
Keith Lemon
You must explain each of the concepts and ensure that the presentation is interesting, readable and good to look at. The purpose of the presentation is to give readers an insight into discrimination and its effects. It would be beneficial to look at the benefits of equality, diversity and rights in society before viewing them in a health and social care context. Do some research on the internet especially on health-related websites, and look for positive quotes on the benefits of equality, diversity and rights in society. Then visit a health and social care setting to find out how equality diversity and rights are valued.
Course Content
Year 12-0.5 A Level in 1 year

Year 13-1 A Level in 1 year
End of year 13- 1.5 A levels

10 lessons per week
2 with Miss Liddell-Unit 2
3 with Mr Couldwell-Unit 4
2 with Mrs Carr
3 with Mrs Brayson
Full transcript