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Tough Times in Canada - 1930s

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Anthony B

on 17 October 2016

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Transcript of Tough Times in Canada - 1930s

In 1930 and 1931, many economic experts (and ordinary Canadians) thought the economy would improve
Pm King, What are you going to help the struggling provinces?
I would not give them a 5 Cent Piece
But conditions got worse!
P.M. King
I'm sorry but you've been voted out
R.B. Bennett promised to create trade for Canadian industries
Devastation!
Prairie farmers were hit the hardest during the 1930s
Early 1920s
Mid 1920s
early 1930s
The Results of
monoculture
Canada
USA
Palisser Triangle
Farmers overworked their soil in the 1920s, and as a result their crops failed.
A farming area near the american border
By 1926, southern Saskatchewan had over 6,000 abandoned farms.
Farmers were unable to make money from their crops.
This decade was also hit with a severe drought
crops were drying up and blowing away...
...or being eaten by hordes of grasshoppers...
who were very attracted to dry and hot conditions
People would travel across the country looking for work
Riding the Rails
Many would end up living in make-shift shelters
Shanty towns - remember Cinderella Man
the Depression deepened
The Depression was worse for unemployed, elderly, sick and handicapped
Bennett would not provide for those who were not contributing to society.
Welfare, Unemployment and Medicare did not exist
1930 he introduced the
Unemployment Relief Act
- which allotted $20 million to be used for relief in 1930 and 1931
Most relief came in the form of public works projects - cutting grass and digging ditches
Relief came in the form of food, used clothing etc.

By 1932 it was apparent that the relief program was not working
Job priority was given to family men
What's the solution?
Relief Camps
supervised by the National Defence (military)
Men would work on federal projects
Work Camps were set up in isolated areas, away from urban centers
Tough Times
1929
W.L.M. King
Without sales from their crops...
farmers were unable to pay back their loans
Problem
In 1935 the men living in the relief camps took part in a protest called “On to Ottawa”; they were angry about…
1) Make-work projects that were pointless
They hoped to present their demands for better living conditions
When the trek began in Vancouver, it was peaceful.
After the trek, conditions in the camps did change; they were turned over to provinces to run and workers were paid more money.
However, relief camps closed soon after.
Relief Camp Locations
Trek Ends
By order of the PM, the trek was stopped by RCMP in Regina.
Then things became violent
Intended Target
don't draw attention to the situation
best course of action -
wait it out
Sound Familiar?
I'm gonna make Canada great again!
What's Happening in Western Canada?
Making Canada Great Again!
Municipalities were mostly responsible for distributing relief
to be eligible for relief that person had to have no assets - no radio, telephone, car, etc
Registering for relief was humiliating and difficult, often people had to line up in public where everyone could see

More than 1.5 million people were on relief
But an alarm went out when people heard of the number of young single unemployment men roaming the country in search of work
remember Cinderella Man "Where are you going?"

Young single men relied on soup kitchens and charity to get them through

Unrest began to grow

Bennett saw what was going on and decided to search for a solution
provide food, clothing and a wage of 20 cents/day
land clearing
building landing strips
airports
roads
2) The military-style of the camps
3) Overcrowding in the camps
Trek Starts
Full transcript