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Drug Addiction

Nature or Nurture?

akeem nassar

on 19 February 2013

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Transcript of Drug Addiction

Drug Addiction What is drug addiction? Negative connotations
Anyone, anytime
Complex Disease
Government expenses
Different drugs, different addictions How do drugs work in the brain? What happens to your brain over time? Can it be treated? * Medication Sources * Imitating neural neurotransmitters * Overstimulating the reward system * The brain adapts * Changes in neurotransmitters * Can trigger non-conscious memory systems * Addiction Conclusion We would agree that drug addiction is certainly a case of both Nature and Nurtue.

You are certainly more likely to be addict if it is in genetic make up.

Scientists have yet to prove whether there is a gene variation to a definite disorder

Abuse, depression, lack of education, low economic and social status

It is scientifically proven to be genetic, however it is the way we nurture this "problem gene" Iman David Douglas Akeem http://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/topics-in-brief/genetics-addiction http://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/topics-in-brief/drugs-brains-behavior-science-addiction Biology DNA analysis (genome study)
Link between genes and addiction Environment - A Significant factor Development Environment includes various influences Adolescents brains are more sensitive Vulnerability decreases with age Pre-frontal cortex * Behavioral therapy 5 interesting facts More teens die from prescription drugs than heroin/cocaine combined.

Young people who drink alcohol are 50 times more likely to use cocaine than teens who never drink.

By the 8th grade, 29.5 percent of adolescents have consumed alcohol, 15.5 percent have smoked cigarettes, and 15 percent have used marijuana.

Teens whose parents talk to them regularly about the dangers of drugs are 42 percent less likely to use drugs than those whose parents don't. However, only a quarter of teens report having these conversations.

About 64 percent of teens surveyed who have abused pain relievers say they got them from friends or relatives. Cannabis Cocaine Heroin Tobbaco Meth-Amphetamine Ecstacy Alcohol Adolescents have a bigger risk of becoming addicted Stress and anxiety -> Reward pathway
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