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Digital Divide

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Rebecca Freedman

on 20 May 2015

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Transcript of Digital Divide

Business Solutions
Continued education
Adoption
Innovation and flexibility
Outsourcing

Definition
The gap between demographics and regions that have access to modern information and communications technology (ICT), and those that don't or have restricted access.
Can include the telephone, television, personal computers and the Internet.
Networked Readiness Index
(1) ICT infrastructure, cost of access and the presence of the necessary skills to ensure an optimal use.
(2) Uptake and use of ICT among governments, business and individuals.
(3) Business and innovation environment, and the political and regulatory framework.
(4) Economic and social impacts accruing from ICT.

Implications of Quality Divide
Lack of:
Optimization
Competition
Efficiency
Implications of Access and Usage Divides
economic and workforce development
civic participation
education
healthcare
public safety
Digital Divide
http://whatis.techtarget.com/definition/digital-divide
Barriers to Access
The availability and reliability of the infrastructure to access the internet
Connectivity

Cost
Affordability of accessing the internet on a regular basis
Content

Relevance, comprehensibility of language and content
Internet Access Trends in the US

Capability
Digital capability of the society – at the individual and collective level, particularly the economic sector and the public sector
Cash
The availability, or lack thereof, of resources to invest in information infrastructure, and research and development
Home Dial Up
34% in 2000
3% in 2013
Home Broadband
3% in 2000
70% in 2013
Smartphone
35% in 2011
58% in 2014
“This report demonstrates that economies that fail to implement comprehensive national broadband strategies risk losing ground in global competitiveness and may fall behind in the delivery of societal benefits from ICTs.” - Global Information Technology Report 2013
Boosts output
Creates jobs
Big data usage
Can improve healthcare
Ability to transform limited economies
E-government connectivity

Benefits
Income
Age
Race/Ethnicity
Education
Urbanity



Different "Divides"
Source: U.S. Census Bureau,
Current Population Survey, Selected Years
Release Date: 02/03/14

Why are people not connected?
Digital Divide in the US
Overall Divide
Trends Over Time
Current State
Different Divides
Causes
As of January 2014...
General Internet Access
14% in 1995
87% in 2014
87% of adults use the internet


58% of adults own a smartphone


One-Third of smartphone owners use it as their exclusive internet access device
Home Access to Broadband Internet - May 2013
Some common reasons....
Don't Want It
Too Expensive
No Computer/Phone
No Fiber Connection Available

"Forty-one percent of American’s rural schools couldn’t get a high-speed connection if they tried."



Smartphone Use tends to reduce the racial gap....
Source: U.S. Census Bureau,
Current Population Survey, Selected Years
Release Date: 02/03/14
The General Solution
Digital Inclusion:

"Digital inclusion is the ability of individuals and groups to access and use information and communication technologies."

-“Building Digital Communities: A Framework for Action”
Participation and support from many sectors:
business
government and policy makers
community based organizations

Total Digital Inclusion = Social Equality
Both require
Civic & social participation
Access to education, literacy
Economic self-sufficiency (individual)
Economic development (community)

Public access computers
Free wifi hotspots
Low cost options for home computer purchasing
Partnering with broadband providers to offer low cost broadband
Extending broadband service into rural areas lacking reasonable cost high speed broadband
Digital literacy and other technology training in trusted and comfortable locations, supported by trained computer instructors
Youth digital media projects guiding young people toward professional technology use and civic engagement
Awareness campaigns highlighting the relevancy of broadband for target populations
Specific Solutions
Overview
Introduction
Global Landscape
A Closer Look at the U.S.
Implications and Solutions
Final Summary
Q&A
Bibiliography
TED Talk: Aleph Molinari - Let's Bridge the Digital Divide, Aug. 2001
https://www.ted.com/talks/aleph_molinari_let_s_bridge_the_digital_divide

Nanthikesan, S. "Trends in Digital Divide," Harvard Center for Population and Development Studies. Cambridge, MA: Nov. 2001.

Global Information Technology Report 2013: Video, Report
http://www.weforum.org/reports/global-information-technology-report-2013/

CityLab: Article, Summarizing Data from 2012 American Community Survey
http://www.citylab.com/work/2014/02/stubborn-persistence-americas-digital-divide/8280/

Economics and Statistics Administration and the National Telecommunications and Information Administration: Report Summarizing 2010 Census Data
http://www.esa.doc.gov/Blog/2011/11/09/broadband-internet-adoption-moves-forward-digital-divide-still-persists

Forbes: Infographic
http://blogs-images.forbes.com/rahimkanani/files/2011/09/info_exclusion_web.jpg

LA Times:Article
http://www.latimes.com/business/technology/la-fi-tn-smartphones-digital-divide-white-black-20140106-story.html

Pew Internet Project: Article, Digital Differences
http://www.pewinternet.org/files/old-media//Files/Reports/2012/PIP_Digital_differences_041312.pdf

Pew Internet Project: Report, Home Broadband, August 2013
http://www.pewinternet.org/2013/08/26/home-broadband-2013/

Tom Wheeler FCC: Blog Article, Closing the Digital Divide
http://www.fcc.gov/blog/closing-digital-divide-rural-america

US Census: Infographic
http://www.census.gov/hhes/computer/files/2012/Computer_Use_Infographic_FINAL.pdf

First Monday: Article
http://firstmonday.org/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/942/864

Network for Good: Report
http://www.networkforgood.org/topics/education/digitaldivide/

Washington Post: Article
http://www.washingtonpost.com/postlive/bridging-the-digital-divide-from-the-front-lines/2013/11/12/95c14966-4b28-11e3-be6b-d3d28122e6d4_story.html

Washington Post: Article
http://www.washingtonpost.com/postlive/bridging-the-digital-divide-from-the-front-lines/2013/11/12/95c14966-4b28-11e3-be6b-d3d28122e6d4_story.html

The Institute of Museum and Library Services; University of Washington; and ICMA: Report
http://www.imls.gov/assets/1/AssetManager/BuildingDigitalCommunities_Framework.pdf

Digital Dommination Summit: Video- "The Digital Knowledge Divide Truth: 99% Miss Out"
http://digitaldominationsummit.com

Social Signal: Comic
http://www.socialsignal.ca

Rebecca Freedman
Alex Gamboa
Emma Ingebretsen

Final Summary
Questions?
WORLD ECONOMIC FORUM
"The benefits of ICT can only be fully derived when a country implements a
holistic
strategy aimed at
creating conditions
for skills, innovation and entrepreneurship to flourish alongside modern infrastructure." - Global Information Report 2014

“Digital strategies should not focus only on developing the ICT infrastructure, but also in creating the right conditions for an effective use of ICT to boost
innovation, competitiveness and higher social inclusion
,” said Bruno Lanvin, executive director of INSEAD’s European Competitiveness Initiative (IECI)
Full transcript