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Transcript of ROSA PARKS
Civil Rights Fighter
By: Lexi Lubotsky
-If Rosa Parks stood up on the bus instead of sitting December 1, 1955 would the civil rights be where they are today?
-What was Rosa Parks childhood like?
-How did the civil rights affect her decision?
-What are some of her most popular achievements?
Rosa Louise McCauley was born on February 4, 1913 to James(a carpenter) and Leona (a teacher) McCauley. When Rosa was young she was very prone to sicknesses, such as chronic tonsillitis. She was never given the right care, because her mother was often sick or depressed. Rosa's father was often away building houses and she missed her husband.
When Rosa was older she moved in with her grand parents and family to a farm in Alabama. There she cleaned and worked. When she was 11 she attended Montgomery Industrial School for Girls,
a private school for independent girls ready to learn.
When Rosa was older, she married Raymond Parks and attended Alabama State Teachers College. Later, the couple joined the NAACP (the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People) where they both learned that the NAACP was looking for an outburst/flare up. But Rosa never knew she was going to be that flare up.
On December 1, 1955 after packing up her work (Montgomery fair department store, tailors assistant) Rosa went to the bus stop. On Rosa's way home from work, bus driver James F. Blake asked four black people to move so one white man could sit. Rosa was one of those people. But instead of moving Rosa stayed and didn't move. James called the police and Rosa was arrested. The news got around and eventually got to the NAACP where a lawyer was able to help Rosa and get her out on bail for 100 dollars. That's when the start of some thing big had happened.
Rosa was not the only person to stand their ground on the bus. 15-year-old Claudette Colvin was also arrested for not giving up her seat. She didn't move even when the bus driver warned her about being arrested. As the bus driver drove into town Claudette (like Rosa) didn't budge until police force was necessary. When police found Claudette, she dragged off the bus kicking and screaming. Also,18-year-old Mary Louise Smith was arrested for refusing to give up her seat to a white passenger.
Here is a clip that shows what the bus incident was like.
After Rosa was bailed out of jail, the NAACP
came up with the idea of a boycott. they would stop riding the buses until the allowed buses the blacks and whites to be seated together. This idea was called "the bus boycott."
The bus boycott began on January 1, 1955.
In less then four days over 90% of all black
people had stopped riding the buses. Because
of this the buses had to raise their prices. The
normal 10 cents was raised to 15 cents. A bus driver would only have to work a half day because of the lack of people.
After the whole bus boycott Rosa became a woman of inspiration and motivation. She became the role model of many black girls. Sadly, she died October 24, 2005 in Detroit.