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Self-Efficacy Theory

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Louise Andersson

on 15 November 2013

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Transcript of Self-Efficacy Theory

Self-Efficacy Theory
Albert Bandura
Born on December 4th, 1925, in the province of Alberta, Canada
Teaches Psychology at Stanford University
Known as one of the most influential psychologists of the 20th century
Introduced the idea of self-efficacy in the late 1970s
Have you ever done any of the following things?
Skiing a double diamond recklessly
White-water rafting
What do you think?
Have you ever doubted your abilities in a subject prior to studying?
or... did you feel more confident after seeing other students similar to you succeed?
What are these all examples of?
Beliefs in one's capabilities to organize and execute courses of action required to produce given attainments.
Self-efficacy determines how people feel, think, motivate themselves, and behave.
A strong sense of efficacy enhances human accomplishment and personal well-being in many ways.
In contrast, people who doubt their capabilities shy away from tasks which they view as personal threats.
Factors That Affect the Level of Performance
Factors That Influence the
Effectiveness of Persuasory Experiences
Did your confidence grow after realizing you understood the material?
Sources of Self-Efficacy
Enactive Mastery
Vicarious Modeling
Verbal Persuasion
Difficulty of the task
Amount of effort they expand
Amount of external aid they receive
Circumstances under which they perform
Temporal pattern of their successes and failures
Who the persuaders are
Their credibility
How knowledgeable they are about the nature of the activities
The Blind Side
The King's Speech
There is no way to prove the four sources of efficacy

Argument is based on unobservable and vaguely defined variables
Strong Predictive Value
Weak Predictive Value
High self-efficacy
challenging problems as something to be mastered
develop deeper interests in activities they participate in
form strong commitments to their interests
recover quickly from set-backs or disappointments
Low self-efficacy
avoid challenging tasks: difficult tasks and situations are beyond their capabilities
focus on personal failings and negative outcomes
quickly lose confidence in personal abilities
Positions where individual input and experiences matter
Positions where tasks are generic, repetitive,
and require little individual input
Investment Bankers
Predictive Value
Can be used on everyone no matter what race, age, or nationality

Can help individuals find a suitable career
Ron Weasley Quidditch Scene
How can this help you?
Be aware of your level of self-efficacy

Find a career that is compatible with this level

Know what effect you can have on other people
Full transcript