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Germany Post WWI

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by

Travis Marx

on 24 April 2013

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Transcript of Germany Post WWI

Germany Post WWI Change in Politics Geographical Changes After the fall of the first and second world wars the original German borders shrunk dramatically Birth of the Weimar Republic 1919-1933 Fall of the House of Hohenzollern
The German Revolution
The Weimar Republic
Invasion of the Ruhr
Hyperinflation
The fall of the republic Germany was known as Prussia until the end of WWI
Hohenzollern was the noble family of the German Empire (Prussia)
Kaiser Wilhelm was abdicated from his throne
Fall of the House of Hohenzollern Rosa Luxemburg Started in 1918 near the end of WW1
Bavarian Soviet Republic
Germany held elections for the Constituent Assembly to write a new constitution Marxist Theorist, philosopher, economist and a revolutionary socialist
Of Polish Jewish descent who became a German citizen
Founded the Spartacus League in 1914 and co-founded the German Communist Party in 1918
Was imprisoned for demonstrations against the war
Eye witness account of the German Revolution
Killed when the German Government ordered the destruction of the left-wing revolution
Her work became known as Luxemburgism Started as a military revolt
Socialists in Germany took advantage
New constitution was written
Social Democratic Party of Germany became the strongest party in the Reichstag
The Weimar Coalition was formed Ending the Revolution The Weimar Republic Established in 1919 after the German Revolution
Federal republic
Representative democracy
Parliamentary system
Had several problems
Ended in 1933 Invasion of the Ruhr An urban area in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
Germany was no longer able to pay fees of the Treaty of Versailles
French and Belgium forces occupied the Ruhr in 1922
German workers revolted
Germany took back the Ruhr Hyperinflation of the Weimar Republic Not the first of its kind in Europe
Not the worst hyperinflation in history
Started in 1921 when Germany started buying foreign currency with Marks at any price
This increased spending decreased the value of the Deutsche Mark
During the invasion of the Ruhr unemployment changed from 2% to 23%
Germany printed money to pay for government debts Hyperinflation of the Weimar Republic Inflation: increased volume of currency, decrease in value of currency Hyperinflation: extreme inflation Price of a Loaf of Bread Germany 1918: 1 Mark How much do you think one loaf of bread cost in Germany in... November of 1922? 163 Marks September 1923? 1 500 000 Marks November 1923? 200 000 000 000 Marks The Fall of the Weimar Republic The government was unable to deal with the nation's problems and lost support from the public
This collapse of the Weimar Republic is a symbol of the failure of Germany's attempt to become a democracy The Stock Market Crash After hyperinflation ended in 1923 Germany became dependent on loans from the USA
When things started to look good again for the Germans the stock market crashed in 1929
Once the stock market crashed America wanted their money back
Effects on Germany:
Unable to pay loans
Business failed
Unemployment levels exceeded to over 30% The Great Depression Unemployment reached a staggering level
Germans were unable to pay for food, clothing or rent
With staggering unemployment, citizens turned to the Nazi and Communist parities of Germany Hindenburg Second President of Germany
Paul von Hindenburg became the President of Germany in 1925
Did not want to restore the monarchy
Shocked the world when he said Germany entered the war as "the means of self-assertion against a world full of enemies. Pure in heart we set off to the defense of the fatherland and with clean hands the German army carried the sword." 1936 Olympics After the fall of the German Empire, Germany became a very poor country and faced many hardships Political Career Hitler joined the German Worker's Party (DAP) in 1919
The DAP was changed to The National Socialist German Workers' Party (NSDAP) in 1920
The NSDAP was anti-Marxist and opposed the post war Weimar Republic government
Opposed the Treaty of Versailles Hitler took over the leadership of National Socialist German Workers' Party in 1921
In twelve years the party had become the most popular party in Germany Alsace-Lorraine Was wanted by both the French and the Germans
Alsace-Lorraine was annexed by the Germans in the late 1800's during the Franco-German War
Partly why France joined WWI West Prussia and Posen Awarded to Poland at the end of WWI
Territory was taken by the Polish during the Polish uprising (1918-19)
Upper Silesia was also given to Poland Danzig Known as the Free City of Danzig from 1920-1939
1,966 km² piece of land
Made a free port so Germany and Poland could have access to the Baltic Sea West Germany In 1933 Hitler was appointed the Chancellor of Germany Signaled Germany's return to the world after the isolation after WWI
Hitler wanted to show the new Germany off to the world
Wanted to show the strength of an "Aryan" race
Only the Aryan race could compete for the German team
Jewish people were not allowed to compete on the German team
Helene Mayer was the only Jewish person to compete on the German team
Mayer did the Nazi salute on the podium after getting a metal Adolf Hitler The German Revolution 1918
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