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Jimmy Link

on 7 December 2010

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Transcript of OEDIPUS pt II

OEDIPUS REX T h e L i f e a n d S t o r i e s o f P A R T I I - O e d i p u s a t C o l o n u s After nine years of wandering in exile, both Oedipus and his daughter Antigone happen across the sacred grove of Eumenides, just outside of Athens. Unknowingly, he and Antigon enter the grove. It has been years since Oedipus made an elaborate apology to the people of Thebes. He had begged Creon to kill him, but Creon refused. Instead he and Oedipus's sons Polnices and Eteodes exile him. His daughters Antigone and Ismene remain loyal and help their father. Oedipus sits upon a rock which sits on Eumenides grove. Oedipus asks Antigone to inquire where they are. Before Antigone has a chance to go, a stranger approaches them. He wishes them to step away from the hallowed ground. Oedipus respectfully declines explaining it is his fate to be there. Oedipus secures the stranger's promise to refrain from forcing him to move. The stranger agrees and further explains to Oedipus and Antigone the exact location where they are and who rules this land. Oedipus asks the stranger to send for their king, Theseus, son of Aegeus to him, for he would like to ask the King for help and in return he will reap a great gain. The stranger leaves to inform the town's elders of the stranger who stands on sacred ground and to call for Theseus. Oedipus turns to the all-seeing Eumenides, the daughters of Earth and Darkness (deities of vengeance who pursue wrongdoers), and explains to them that this is his fate to stumble across their sacred ground and asks them to assist him in making sure the prophecy comes true. The elders suspect they know who the wandering stranger and the maiden are. They ask them to come away from the sacred ground which no one is to tread. Oedipus asks that they do him no harm, and do not try to force him to leave. Upon securing their word, with the assistance of Antigone he steps away from the sanctuary. The elders question Oedipus of his family, where he came from and if he was always blind. Upon discovering that he is in fact the Oedipus whom killed his father and married his mother they demand that he leave, afraid of what the God may do to them and their land. Oedipus quickly asks the elders to hear him out. He explains his misfortune and how his suffering was of the God's doing. he did not know what he was doing, it was his fate. Understanding that it was not Oedipus' fault, they agree to allow Oedipus and Antigone to stay until Theseus arrived and decided what to do. Antigone sees a woman on a horse approaching them. It is Ismene; Antigone's sister, Oedipus' daughter. Ismene comes to giver her father news. There is a power stuggle between her brothers, Oedipus' sons, Polynices and Eteocles to be next in line for the crown. Eteocles has driven his eldest brother Polynices out. Ismene also informs Oedipus of the latest prophecy: "He who obtains Oedipus' dead body and buries his body in their city will secure victory." Ismene also tells Oedipus that Creon will soon come and try to bring Oedipus back to Thebes, with no intentions of burying him with Theban dirt, rather burying him outside of Thebes. Upon hearing this, the elders are convined that Oedipus has done no wrong and is just a victim of his fate. They advise him to perform purifications rites for the deities. Oedipus, blind, old, weak and frail, asks Antigone to perform these purification rites in place of himself. Ismene volunteers to go and seek the necessary items to perform the purification rites. After Ismene leaves, Theseus arrives. He knows of this stranger and speaks to him with respect. Oedipus asks Theseus to help him. Oedipus asks for life's last rites in exchange for protection for Athens. He goes on to explain that by burying him, he will have difficulty from others, namely Creon. Oedipus tells Theseus of his sons' plan to come for him and take him away against his will. Theseus does not understand why Oedipus would not want to return to Thebes and no longer be in exile. edipus explains what occurred between his sons and him that caused him to be in exile. "I was driven from my city by the sons I engendered, but I am never to return as I am the killer of my father."
- Oedipus edipus further explains that his sons want him to return due to the prophecy that claims Thebes will be struck down by Athens. Theseus does not understand how that will happen. Athens and Thebes are allies. But Oedipus explains that friendships end, and time will give birth to the dissolution of friendship. The elders tell their king that Oedipus
has proven himself and means what he says. He plans to protect Athens. Theseus gives his word. He will protect Oedipus. He asks Oedipus if he would like to come with him or remain in the grove. Oedipus chooses to remain in the grove. Theseus appoints the elders to guard Oedipus and leaves. Creon expectedly approaches, and begins to apologize to Oedipus. He claims he, his sons and the people would like Oedipus to return. Oedipus refuses. He tells Creon he know what he is up to. Creon, in a rage, threatens Oedipus by seizing Antigone. He tells Oedipus that he has already seized Ismene, and plans to take them away from him forever. The elders then demand Creon to let go of Antigone and return Ismene, and Creon threatens the elders that he plans of seizing Oedipus as well, unless Theseus stops him. The elders cry out to other citizens to help. Theseus, who happened to be nearby sacraficing oxen nearby, heard the commotion. He rushed over to see what was going on. Creon takes Oedipus' daughters. Thesues calls to his attendants to summon all who have a hore go and save the daughters. He then turns to Creon and semands why he has come to his land and forcibly take what is not his to take without permission of the king. Creon claims that he didn't think that anyone would oppose to he and his attendants taking away a man who killed his father, married his mother, and bore her children. Oedipus, in a fit of rage, tells Creon that his actions were not of his choosing. It was what pleased the Gods, and he killed his father without knowledge of who he was. He killed in order of self defense. Furthermore, he explains, Creon offered his sister to him. Theseus then commands Creon to take him to Antigone and Ismene and return them. Creon threatens THeseus that a battle will ensue in the field where they go to find Antigone and Ismene. Surely, Creon and Theseus' men figh. Theseus' men win, and Antigone and Ismene return to Oedipus. Oedipus is indebted to Theseus and swears to repay him. Theseus then asks Oedipus to hear him out for a moment. A stranger, who claims to know Oedipus, wishes to speak with him and then to be allowed to leave in safety. oedipus guesses correctly; Polynices has come and wishes to speak with him. Oedious begs Theseus not ask him to see Polynices, for it is the son whom he hates. Theseus, with the help of Antigone, persuades Oedipus to hear Polynices out. Polynices approaches them and asks his safety out to be secured, and then begs Oedipus to come with him. Polynices, his men, and his allies, he explains, are on their way to fight Eteocles and his men. In this war, the oracle prophesized that they will die from each others' sword. Polynices came to seek assistance from his father; to come with him and help him secure the victory. Oedipus tells him no. Antigone begs Polynices to return to his new home and avoid the prophecy. He tells her no, and leaves. After Polynices leaves, there is a loud clap of thunder. Oedipus recognizes the sign. The oracle told him there would be a sign from the Gods when it was his time to go. Oedipus seeks Theseus. The elders call for him. Theseus arrives, and Oedipus explains it is time he followed up on his promise to protect his city. Oedipus explains to Theseus that he is to accompany him to a secret location and this is where oedipus will be buried. But this secret location is to remain a secret to everyone except Theseus and every king following. After they walk away to the secret location, a messenger returns to the elders and gives the news that Oedipus is indeed gone. It was miraculous, he claims. Oedipus, unaided by anyone, reached the Bronze Threshold. He stood between the valley and then Thorican Rock (the rock which he sat on upon arriving to the sacred ground), and sat down between the hollow pear tree and the stone tomb. He loosened his garments, calling to his daughters to bring him water to cleanse himself and pour libations. And once everything he wanted was done, Zeus thundered, and his daughters wept. Oedipus gave his final farewell, and asked his daughters to go. weeping, the messenger, Antigone and Ismene turned and left. After a short while, they turned and he was no longer there.
Only Theseus remained. Antigone and Ismene then walked towards the elders and the messenger and confirmed that Oedipus was indeed gone. Theseus then appears and Antigone asks him to show her and Ismene where their father lies. Theseus explained that Oedipus made him promise not to reveal the location. Sad, Antigone and Ismene gracefully refuse Theseus' offer to remain in Athens. They will try to keep their brothers from fighting.
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