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Compare and Contrast: Buddhism and Hinduism

Um...just what it says.
by

Michaela Isaacs

on 11 April 2011

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Transcript of Compare and Contrast: Buddhism and Hinduism

Hinduism World Religions: Hinduism and Buddhism Buddhism was started by Siddhartha Gautama, a hindu prince. One day when Siddhartha decided to go out and look at his country, he realized how much the people were suffering because of Hindu preists abusing their power. Many Hindu Indians were already questioning Hindu ideas. Siddhartha decided to leave all his riches to find a resolution for the suffering. Soon he decided to meditate. It is said that Siddhartha meditated for 49 days under a tree. It was then that he found the answer. He spent the rest of his life telling people about what he had found. Followers of the new religion started to call him "The Buddah" or "Enlightened One". The followers of this new religion became known as Buddhists and the religion Buddhism. Hinduism was never necessarily 'founded'. However, it was brought to India by the Aryans who practiced the religion at an unknown time. Although there weren't really any prophets, the Aryans could be called that. Hinduism is all about reincarnation and karma. It is believed that you have to live and prove yourself in multiple lives to join Brahman, or go to a pleasant place when you die. Braham is one entity made up of many gods. If you do good things in your life, you are reborn as a higher being. However, if you do bad things, you are reborn as a lower being, such as a worm. Buddhism Siddhartha Gautama was the Buddhist prophet and the founder of Buddhism. Buddhists believe that the only way to find the truth about the world was to give up all wordly desires. If a person gives up all wordly desires, they will reach nirvana, a state of great wisdom. They also believe in the Four Noble Truths and The Elghtfold Path. Four Noble Truths:
Life is full of suffering.
People suffer because they desire wordly things and self-satisfaction.
The way to end suffering is to stop desiring things.
The only way to stop desiring things is to follow the Elghtfold Path.
Elghtfold Path:
Know and uderstand the Four Noble Truths.
Give up wordly things and don't harm others.
Tell the truth, don't gossip, and don't speak badly of others.
Don't commit evil acts such as killing,stealing, or living an unclean life.
Do rewarding work.
Work for good and oppose evil.
Make sure your mind keeps your senses under control.
Pratice meditation as a way to understand reality.
Buddhists do not have a holy book. Buddhists meditate and seldomly pray. Monks also have special rituals that they perform. A Buddhists' place of worship is a temple or a monastery. Buddhists Sects Theravada Buddhism:
Means the "teachings of elders." This sect sees the Buddah as a great teacher, not a god. They do not necessarily have a holy book. They have writings from everywhere. A few of the better-known ones are the Vedas, Puranas, Ramayana,and Mahabharata, which contains multiple readings such as the Bhagavad-Gita. The Hindus' place of worship is called a Mandir; this is a temple with multiple shrines dedicated to the gods. Mahayana Buddhism:
This sect teaches that the Buddah is a god who came to save people. They believe that the Enghtfold Path is too hard for some people to follow. They believe that by worshiping the Buddah, they will be granted into heaven where you will then find nirvana. Mahayana Buddhists also have a special affection towards bodhisattuas, or enlightened people who postpone going to heaven to help others. In Tibet, Mahayana Buddhism is a mixture of Buddhism and Tibet's original religion. The Buddhist symbols are the Buddah Meditating, the lotus flower, and the Buddhist wheel. "Our life is shaped by our mind; we become what we think."
~ The Buddah The leaders are sometimes called gurus. Most Buddhists live in Southeast Asia, but few live in India where it was started. The most common estimate of how many people pratice Buddhism 350 million. If this estimate is true, it would make Buddhism the fourth largest religion in the world. (2011) There are many sects of Hinduism. The more well-known ones are Shaivism, Shaktism, Vaishnavism, and Smartism The symbol for this religion looks like the below: Vesak
Buddha's Birthday is known as Vesak and is one of the major festivals of the year. It is celebrated on the first full moon day in May, or the fourth lunar month which usually occurs in May or during a lunar leap year, June. In some countries this has become an occasion to not only celebrate the birth but also the enlightenment and parinirvana of the Buddha. A few of the most important festivals and holy days are the Diwali, Dussehra, Holi, Navaratri, and Jammastam. Diwali is also called the Festival of Lights; it is a celebration that lasts five days that celebrates the return of Lord Rama. Hindus spend these days with their families, playing games and having fun. Diwali Buddhist Festivals "India is the meeting place of the religions and among these Hinduism alone is by itself a vast and complex thing, not so much a religion as a great diversified and yet subtly unified mass of spiritual thought, realization and aspiration."
-Sri Aurobindo
This is the major symbol, but there are many others. This symbol represents Brahman. By Michaela Isaacs and Claire Maiocco Compare and Contrast:
Hinduism and Buddhism Buddhists meditate instead of praying to worship their god and to understand the world. One sect of the religion, the Theravada, believes that the Buddah is not a god, but a great teacher. Buddhism is based off of Hindusim. The religions started to split when many Hindu Indians started to question the religion. Both religions believe in a heaven. Both religions believe in living a clean life. Both religions pray on their own time meaning they don't all meet and go somewhere to pray. Hindu worship statues that they believe have gods in and around them. Hindus belive that their god, Brahman, is all-powerful. Hinduism was created by a mix of religions. Hindusim Buddhism Ulambana
Ulambana or"Ancestor Day" is celebrated from the first to the fifteenth days of the eighth lunar month. This is the day when the monastics complete their Rains Retreat. Lay devotees make offerings on behalf of their ancestors and dedicate the merit towards those suffering in the preta realm to relieve their suffering. There are approximately nine hundred million Hindus today. Buddhist leaders are called lamas. The lama that heads the government is called Dalai Lama and the lama that heads the religion is called the Pachen Lama. Similarities
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