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Qin Shi Huangdi's Achievements - The Terracotta Army

Social Studies Project

K. Liu

on 4 April 2014

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Transcript of Qin Shi Huangdi's Achievements - The Terracotta Army

Qin Shi Huangdi's Achievements - The Terracotta Army By Kevin Liu About Qin Shi Huangdi Qin Shi Huangdi was a very well known emperor. He was born in 259 BC to the family of Yi Ren, who was the grandson of the king of the the Qin state. Before Qin Shi Huangdi became the emperor his name was Zhao Zheng. He took the throne at the age of 13 in 211 B.C and he was the First Grand Emperor of China. This marked the beginning of the Qin dynasty. He was famously known for his great achievements during his rule. He built the Great Wall of China to protect the invaders from the north. But one of his huge achievements was the Terracotta army that was created for him. It was a huge burial site with over 4,000 terracotta soldiers to help him in his afterlife. The Terracotta Army If you go to visit the Terracotta army Mausoleum (a large building housing a tomb) today, this is what it looks like The Terracotta Army was found in 1974 by local farmers in the Lintong District that is in Xi'an (a place in China) when they were digging a well. The building of the Terracotta Army project began in 246 BC. This was right after when Qin Shi Huangdi took the throne at the age of 13. The Whole project took 700,000 workers and the result were tombs filled with a total of 8,000 Terracotta soldiers with some chariots and horses.

The reason why Qin Shi Huangdi wanted a tomb and an army when he dies was because he wanted a good afterlife and wanted the army to aid him when he goes to the after life. The characteristics of the Terracotta army The Soldiers Each and every soldier had its own features. None of soldiers looked the same. Each soldiers rank was depicted by his height. For example, the tallest of all the soldier is the general. Each soldier had a one of 3 stances, standing, crouching, and sitting. All of the ones that are standing were holding a weapon. But the weapons had disintegrated over time and only the particles are left. Each of the weapon's metal was a metal that was once used by an enemy of Qin Shi Huangdi. The weapon was melted and made into a new weapon for the Terracotta soldiers. The head of the soldier, the arms, the legs, and the torso of the soldier were each made separately and then were assembled together. A kneeling soldier Soldier with his horse There are four main pits of Terracotta Soldiers they are all 1.6 km (almost one mile) away from the tomb for Qin Shi Huangdi. Each pit is 7 meters deep. The army faces east where all the conquered states are. It is to protect the kings tomb. The 1st pit or Pit One is the biggest out of the four pits. It is 230 meters long (about 250 yards) and 62 meters wide (about 67 yards) and it has 11 corridors which are each 3 meters wide (3.2 yards) the walls are paved with small bricks and on top is a wooden ceiling that is held up by wooden posts. It has 6000 of the 8000 soldiers in it. Pit 2 has all of the cavalry and the chariots in the army with some of its soldiers with it. Pit 3 is the command post where the high-ranked officials are and a chariot is. Pit 4 is left unfinished by the builders. PIT 1 PIT 2 PIT 3 The High-Ranked Officials MY HEAD! Should be here somewhere Alright you guys listen up... HEY STOP TALKING! Who me? PIT 4
(No picture. Its empty, there is nothing to see...) See? Empty The Pits The Emperors Tomb The inside of the Emperor's tomb (Qin Shi Huangdi's) hasn't been exposed to the public because the scientists say that there aren't any safe ways to open the tomb without damaging the artifacts or the paintings, so there aren't any pictures to show. The tomb is a huge pyramid in the southern side of the Lishan mountain that is over looking the Wei river that is to the north of the tomb. Qin Shi Huangdi's tomb is located in the eastern suburbs of the Lintong District, 35 kilometers (22 miles)north-east of Xian. The layout of the land from Lishan to Mount Hua is shaped dragon-like according to traditional Chinese geomancy (Technically feng shui). The the emperor specifically chose the imperial tomb to be at the eye of the dragon. More High-Ranked Officials The Terracotta Army was a huge achievement for Qin Shi Huangdi. It was massive compared to other tombs like the pyramids in Egypt. Although it was not complete is made a huge difference in what the ancient chinese people did. Today, scientists are still digging. So, if you went there today, you would still see people digging or working there. There is still alot to reveal in the tomb of Qin Shi Huangdi. His tomb has not been opened and who knows what is inside. Xie Xie Thank You
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