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Normandy Landings

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Stephanie F

on 16 March 2015

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Transcript of Normandy Landings

How do the Normandy Landings show that the Allies had perseverance and how did their perseverance effect the outcome of WWII?
Omaha Beach - 12am
Utah Beach - 6:30 am
However, once across the beach they met a different challenge. They had to walk through flooded fields in order to advance.
Gold Beach - 7:00am
British troops landed at this beach and like Omaha Beach, earlier bombings had failed to take out German defenses. This caused troops to be under a constant rain of machine-gun bullets like Omaha.
In order to answer my question I had to learn what happened at the Normandy Landings
I learned that there were five major battles at five different beaches along Northern France:
Normandy Landings
By: Stephanie Flint

Omaha Beach
Utah Beach
Gold Beach
Juno Beach
Sword Beach
Juno Beach - 7:45 am
Sword Beach - 9 am
Planning for D-Day
"Operation Bodyguard"
Germany invaded Northwestern France in 1940 and France surrendered easily. Most of Europe had already been taken over by Germany so they had little help from other European countries.
In Summary
Ideas for a huge attack started in 1942 and planning started in 1943. An attack this size needed lots of planning from people who were very educated on the subject of war.
The allies wanted to make sure that the Germans didn't know where they would attack because two years earlier the Dieppe raid had failed because the Germans knew where and when their attack would take place.
So...General Dwight Eisenhower (Commander of this attack) came up with...
"Operation Bodyguard" was the name of
the distraction the Allies set up to trick the Germans that their main invasion would be at the France port Pas de Calais.
The Allies made this distraction very believable by:
inflating fake rubber tanks
setting up fake camps
sending fake equipment
sending a fake army called the phantom army
leaking fake radio messages in which they discussed their "attack" at Pas de Calais
In order to keep the real invasion point a secret, communication was cut from the soldiers back to the USA so they couldn't communicate with their family.
In Southwestern England, the Allies were preparing to land at Normandy which included the paratroopers practicing for their landing.
Weather Delay
The original day of the attack was supposed to be on June 5,1944. However, bad weather caused the attack to be delayed until June 6,1944.
Although the weather was still bad on June 6th, it was better than the day before so Eisenhower gave the okay to attack on June 6,1944.
Preparing the Troops for Battle
Although the allied soldiers knew that this was going to be a bloody fight, and that they probably wouldn't make it home, the soldiers continued into battle anyway for the good of others and their country.
Eisenhower's Speech
Eisenhower gave the Allied troops a pep talk before sending them off to battle.
Also, there were more than 11,000 aircraft ready to provide air cover for the attack and more than 5,000 ships loaded with supplies and troops.
13,000 paratroopers jumped into Normandy to secure bridges and exits in order to protect the main force.
2,000 bomber planes attacked the Germans further inland.
Omaha Beach - 6am
Two-Thirds of the U.S. force landed on this 3 mile long beach.
The now visible 5,000 Allied ships started shelling German defenses on the beach.
However, these shells hadn't hit the German defenses which meant that the Allied troops were under a constant rain of machine gun bullets.
Also, so many ships had landed that it made the beach crowded. Many ships could hardly move which made them easy targets for the Germans.
A special unit named "Colonel Rudder's Ranger's" was assigned to climb up a 100 foot cliff in order to destroy a German gun that was destroying the beach. However, when they finally arrived at the top, they discovered that this gun was only a decoy.
Ranger Units
Many soldiers were seasick from eating a big breakfast and scared from seeing their friends and generals killed on the spot.
A Few Minutes in the Life of an Allied Soldier in the Normandy Landings
U.S. soldiers who landed at this beach basically had the exact opposite conditions as those at Omaha Beach. There was little German defense on the beach and could cross fairly easily.
Most of the soldiers who lost their lives at this beach died within the first few minutes of landing there.
Canadian troops landed here, however they were 15 minutes late which meant that the tide was higher than expected. This caused them to have a smaller landing area and must of made it harder for them to land on the beach.
Like most of the other beaches, many of the soldiers who landed at Juno Beach died within the first few minutes of arriving.

British troops landed at Sword Beach with assistance from tanks and mines. The tanks could explode and the mines were hidden among the beach.
Sword Beach - 10:30 am
Omaha Beach - 9:15 am
Omaha Beach - 10:30 am
Omaha Beach wasn't looking good for the U.S. soldiers. It was so bad that the commander of the Omaha Beach landings almost called for the troops to retreat.
The soldiers badly needed help from special tanks that could swim. However, bad sea conditions made most of them sink with their troops inside no where close to the beach.
Like Utah Beach, the soldiers landing at Sword Beach faced little German resistance.
The U.S. soldiers at Omaha Beach slowly made their way up the beach looking for any cover from the constant rain of bullets.
A few of the troops made it up the beach bluffs (beach bluffs are like little hills at the end of a beach) and in a few hours, had taken control of a road by breaking the German defenses.
This allowed U.S. troops to start moving inland.
The British troops had cleared Sword Beach from German defenses by 10:30 am.
In less than two hours, Allied troops had advanced inland from the beach about half a mile.
Hitler's Response to D-Day
When Hitler first heard of the attack at the Normandy Beaches he refused to send reinforcements because he had been fooled by "Operation Bodyguard" and still believed that the Allies main invasion would be at Pas de Calais.
If he had sent reinforcements, the results of D-Day probably would of been in Germany's favor.
The End of D-Day
By the end of the day, about 156,000 Allied troops had stormed the beaches successfully.
These troops had landed on a 50 mile stretch composed of 5 beaches.
However, this success had come at a huge cost.
In all...
more than 4,000 troops died on D-Day
1000s more were wounded or missing
At least 2,000 Americans died on "Bloody Omaha" beach
More than 1,000 of those men who died at Omaha Beach (and most of the casualties at other beaches) died the instant they landed
Normandy American Cemetery
9,387 Americans are buried at this cemetery who died on D-Day or in following missions.
Allied Perseverance
The Normandy Landings show that the Allies had perseverance because although these soldiers were watching thousands of their fellow soldiers being shot down by guns, they kept fighting for the good of others. Also, at some of these beaches, especially Omaha, there was little progress until hours of fighting had already taken place. This lack of success must of made some of these soldiers doubt that anything good was going to come out of this battle. But as I said before, they kept fighting although they knew they were most likely going to die.
Perseverance Effecting the Outcome of WWII
Since the Allies kept fighting and didn't give up...
The Allies liberated France from Nazi control in August 1944
This opened doors for the Allies to meet up with Soviet troops and attack Germany
And most importantly... "Operation Overlord" turned the tide of war to be in the Allies favor
Works Cited
History.com Staff. (2009). D-Day. Retrieved March 3, 2015, from

THE NORMANDY INVASION - SURVIVING D-DAY - Discovery History Military World War II (full documentary). (n.d.). Retrieved March 12, 2015, from
Hynson, C. (2004). D-Day. Milwaukee, WI: World Almanac Library.
General Dwight D. Eisenhower's D-Day Speech. (n.d.). Retrieved March 16, 2015, from
Please fast forward to 1:50 and stop at 3:50
Saving Private Ryan - Omaha Beach Scene. (n.d.). Retrieved March 16, 2015, from
Veterans, world leaders honour D-Day's fallen. (n.d.). Retrieved March 16, 2015, from http://thechronicleherald.ca/world/1212819-veterans-world-leaders-honour-d-day-s-fallen
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