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Film Shot Types

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by

Tim Patton

on 27 January 2015

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Transcript of Film Shot Types

Framing and Shot Types
Extreme Long Shot
Extreme long shots are shots where the landscape/background dominates the frame.
Used to establish location
Used to make a character look insignificant or lost
Building, landscape, or a crowd of people will fill the screen
Other terms and forms:
Extreme Wide Shot
Establishing Shot (usually when showing a setting change)
Aerial Shot (looking at the scene as though from an aircraft)
Bird's eye view shot (same as above but usually looking DIRECTLY DOWN)
Long Shot
Shots where the subject is made to look small, but not insignificant.
You can make out the details of the human figure, but the background still dominates the frame.
A human frame would be about as tall as the screen, but nowhere near as wide. You can see the entirety of the person.
Other terms and forms:
Wide Shot
Medium Long shot (in-between this and a medium shot. Also referred to as "plain américain")
Medium Shot
Shows both background and detail within the foreground subject
Closer than a long shot
Usually shows a person from about the waist, stomach of lower chest up.
Other Terms and forms
Mid Shot
Two Shot
Over the Shoulder Shot
Close Up
A shot where the face and head take the majority of space in the frame.
Focuses on the physical features and emotions of the character.
Usually from the neck up.
When coupled with lighting and other elements, can completely change what we know about a character.
Other Forms:
Medium Close Up: In between a medium and a close up (usually from the chest up)
Extreme Close Up
A shot where the frame is composed entirely of one piece of the subject.
Used to put emphasis on subtle action and movement that would be lost in wider/longer frames.
Can also be used to indicate scale, such as a small object in relation to a human form
Examples: Extreme Long Shot
Examples: Long Shot
Example: Aerial Shot
Examples:Medium Long Shot
(Plain Americain)
Easy way to remember: shins up
Examples: Medium Shot
Two-Shot
: A shot where there are two subjects within the frame. They can be mixed between the foreground and background, but not always. Usually done as a medium shot or a closeup (love scenes).
Over the Shoulder
: a shot where the camera is behind one subject's shoulder during a conversation. Used to show a connection between the subjects.
Related:
Cowboy Shot
: Same as this, but camera is placed at waist or thigh (about where a holster would be)
Close up Examples
Extreme Close Up Examples
WAIT!! What happens if the shot changes without a cut???
Let's Practice Identifying Shots
In this clip, identify and describe each shot that is shown (starting at 13 seconds). I have given you the first few shots. Follow the format given.
Full transcript