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Copy of Three Generations

1st presentation (without plot)

John Rex Masadao

on 11 May 2014

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Transcript of Copy of Three Generations

Three Generations
Nick Joaquin

Nicomedes Marquez Joaquin
Writer, historian and journalist
short stories and novels in English
Quijano de Manila
- May 4, 1917
- Paco, Manila
- Col. Leocadio Joaquin and Saloma Marquez
Works about Rizal
- The Storyteller's New Medium - Jose Rizal Saga
- The Complete Poems and Plays of Jose Rizal
- Translation of Mi Ultimo Adios (Land That I Love, Farewell!)

- May Day Eve
- Prose and Poems
- The Woman who have Two Navels
- A Portrait of the Artist as Filipino
- Tropical Gothic
- A Question of Heroes: Essays in Criticism on Ten Key Figures of Philippine History
- Reportage on Lovers
- Reportage on Crimes
dynamic character
he lived an unhappy childhood life under his parents care " lie down you little beast, lie down, beast"
he detested his father for beating him and his mother
he refused the idea of bringing his fathers' woman back after he, himself, drove the woman out his fathers house
he is very responsible and industrious father " he stared instead at his hands, huge, calloused, and ugly"
when his son betrayed him by bringing the woman back; for the first time he laid his hands on his son and then realize how he became the very man he had hated.
dynamic character
Celo's only son
dual personality
he initially wanted to become a lawyer but then became a priest
when he and his father went to check his grandfather, they learned that he wants to see his woman (the woman Celo drove out) "
after he sees his grandfather he then came up with the idea of bringing his grandfather's woman back; and thus result to his father, for the first time, hit him
when Celo went to feed his father, Chitong saw how forcibly his father tried to do it; he then realize how differently he and his father treat their progenitor
static character
Celo's wife and Chitong's mother
she tried to convince his husband to let his father-in-law have his woman back that he needs her; Celo then called her vulgar
well-preserved woman

Celo's father
Celo's father and Chitong's grand father
When Celo was young he used to beat him and his wife for no apparent reason; also he had other woman beside his wife that also beats as much as his own family "lie down, you little beast, lie down beast"


Even though how much we try to change ourselves, not to be the worst person in our lives – parents, siblings, or other persons, we can’t in our own. In the story, elder monzon tried to change his life and his father’s but he failed and even ended punching his son’s face. The old monzon in the other hand didn’t try and remained in his life. Fortunately, the grandson chitong clinged to God and had a different temperament from his father and grandfather, but still have flaws. We can change our lives with our own strength, so what more to cause change in other’s lives? We may, for a while or in a few things but total change in life, only God can bring. Anti-feminist
The women in the the story are expected to look only after the domestic needs of the family. It was also implied in the story that women belong to the unintelligent species, as they return to the the men at the their bidding. In addition, the concept of men affording to have other women and the women having only one man is a proof that no equality is being portrayed in the story.
Tiya Nena
static character
Celo's Sister
she was the one who took care of their father
she also agrees with Sofia on bringing the woman back

The old man's girl
static character
Marcelo Sr.'s girl
She loves the old man so much that even if she was humilated before by his lovers' own son she still went to his old lovers' side

3 Generations by Nick Joaquin Three Generations talks about Celo Monzon, whose unhappy childhood still haunts him even if he is already a father. At the beginning of the story, his wife tells him about their son's plan to enter priesthood. He is also told about the call his sister has made because she no longer knows what to do with their sick father. At this point, readers are already given the impression that during this time, women's role caters only to men's needs and their children. It will be known later in the story that the sick father has been wild since he, Celo, has driven his latest woman away. So, in the setting of this story, it seems that having concubines is but normal. Sofia, Celo's wife, has even been convincing him to allow the old man to have his girl back. She tells him, "Your father could never live without women . . . and now you have driven that one away. It is death by torture." This speaks about downright oppression of women as men are accepted in the society to have number twos, threes or fours while women are not. This is an obvious discrimination in the society, as women do not have the opportunities that men do. This is somewhat like Shirley Chisholm's "Equal Rights for Women" in which she says that, " . . . Women that do not conform to the system, who try to break with the accepted patterns, are stigmatized as "odd" and "unfeminine." Just like in the case of Celo's calling his wife as vulgar when she tries to convince him that he allow his father to have what he wants. As the story continues, he then remembers how his father has whipped him in his childhood.
He adds that his own youth had been so unhappy because he lives in those times that "gave the head of the family absolute dominion over his women and children. . . They bowed to the paternal whip as long as they had to; then broke away to marry and breed and establish families over whom they had in turn set themselves up as lords almighty."He also recalls the women in his father's life that he "was never without two or three concubines whom he had whipped as regularly as he did his sons; but none of them, once fallen into his power, had bothered to strive for a more honorable status. If they went away, it was because the old man wearied of them; though at his bidding, they would return as meekly, to work in his house or in his fields, to cook his food, to wash his clothes, to attend to his children, and to bare their flesh to the blows of his anger or to the blows of his love." His mother, on the other hand, had been "too thankful, worn out as she was with toil and child-bearing, for the company and assistance of these other women. Definitely, the kind of society being presented in this story is the patriarchal one. Almost all women are oppressed and exploited through sex. Their confinement to the role of sex slaves and passive submission to a single man, unlike men, are often maintained by physical force.As a boy, Celo had wept for his mother for all his father's misdoing.
He has since then detested him and, that afternoon, he goes to his father with his son, Chitong. They find the old man very ill. And it is right then seen how the two sons differ in treating their progenitor. Celo forcibly feeds the old man while Chitong has felt sorry for him that he has wanted to knock the tray from his father's hands. Thus, Chitong realizes later that he must find the girl at whatever expense there is with his father.It is said in the story that the poor woman has been whipped by Chitong's father when she has insisted to stay beside the old man. When Chitong has found her again, she unhesitatingly goes with the young man to go to her old lover. This is quite telling of women's stupidity and shallowness. The young woman has already received the greatest embarrassment in her life, by being whipped and chased by someone who has no right at all to it to her. And yet, she returns to the old man when she knows very well that the man who has demeaned her will be there. Yes, it may be courage for her to show up herself in the same house, but what for? To be someone's sex slave again? True enough, when she and Chitong have arrived, Celo is there. With the latter's wrath at his son's defiance, he has lain hands on him for the first time. He then realizes how he has become the father he has hated for so long and there realizes further that the slap has been his. At this, "the girl . . . slipped swiftly away from them and into the old man's room, locking the door behind.
The setting of the story 3 Generations by Nick Joaquin is on the time when patrimony ruled over anything. It is the time during the pre-spanish period that men ruled their houses. And according to the story itself, it is the time when women aren’t treated as equal as men, when women were just a pleasure for men. Sometimes also during the pre-spanish period, women also can’t go out to their houses. They are bound to work on their lord’s house while their husband can travel and find many wives as he liked. And while the husband is away, the wife must clean, wash, and make all the household chores and that’s a part of their use to their lord.
And when the woman gave birth, she has no right to give a name to his son or daughter. Only the man can give names whatever he liked. And if the woman bore a boy, the husband takes pride of her, but if the woman gave birth to a girl, it will be a disgrace to her. And that’s the way of the system of our ancestor during the pre-spanish period.



José García Villa's Honor Roll (1940)
Philippines Free Press Short Story Contest (1949)
Ten Most Outstanding Young Men of the Philippines (TOYM), Awardee for Literature (1955)
Don Carlos Palanca Memorial Literary Awards (1957–1958; 1965; 1976)
Harper Publishing Company (New York, U.S.A.) writing fellowship
Stonehill Award for the Novel (1960)
Republic Cultural Heritage Award (1961)
Patnubay ng Sining at Kalinangan Award from the City of Manila (1964)
National Artist Award (1976).
S.E.A. Write Award (1980)
Ramon Magsaysay Award for Literature (1996)
Tanglaw ng Lahi Award from the Ateneo de Manila University (1997)
Several ESSO Journalism awards, including the highly-covetedJournalist of the Year Award.
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