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Copy of Pharaohs and Queens

This is a timeline about the reign of several kings and queens.

Deuel School

on 1 November 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Pharaohs and Queens

King Tut
King Akhenaten
Queen Hatshepsut
Queen Cleopatra
King Khufu
Ancient Egypt
King Ramses II
King Tutankhamun was once the Pharaoh of the long lost ancient Egypt. He reigned as Pharaoh for 9 years between 1334 BC to 1325 BC, starting at the age of 9. During his sovereignty, the vizier and the successor to the throne were the ones generally considered to have power over Egypt because of his young age. As the king of Egypt, he was able to restore the religion of his people, which his father previously replaced with the sun disk. Through his restoration of the people's religious beliefs, much love and appreciation was granted upon him by his nation. Although he had a short reign, many exquisite amulets and treasures were found in his tomb, which reveals that he must have been a significant asset to this bountiful country.

King Ramses II, also known as "Ramses The Great", had one of the longest periods of leadership over Egypt. Throughout his years of being a teenager, he was appointed as king of Egypt. He ruled over Egypt for 66 years starting at 1279 BC to 1213 BC. During his reign, many well-known architectural masterpieces today were brought into existence, some of which include statues of himself. Despite his popular image, much of his reputation is due to the account of his heroism and capability to fight strategically; often telling stories of how he would conquer all odds. In his fourth year as pharaoh, his army attacked the Hittites participating in the great 'Battle of Kadesh'. Through much success, King Ramses II has made an impressive mark in history making him one of the most important pharaohs to live.
King Akhenaten is recognized today through his many alterations in Egyptian culture. Most of the adjustments were made towards the beliefs of the Egyptians, but some new artistic creativity was also introduced in the course of his reign. During this time period, priests were increasingly gaining power among the Egyptians, almost having the same power as the pharaoh himself. However, when Akhenaten demanded that all egyptian gods must be forgotten and only one god of his choosing will be worshiped, Akehenaten overcame the priests with his supremacy. Soon after, he built temples to honor this new god, but eventually this new god was abandoned and the Egyptians resumed praising their earlier gods. As a result, he accomplished a revolutionary act throughout his life, making him one of the most famous pharaohs to live - reigning between 1353 BC to 1336 BC.

Queen Hatshepsut became the queen of Egypt -accompanied by her half-brother, Thutmose II - in her early preteens. Eventually, she became the pharaoh co-ruling alongside Thutmose III. During her reign (1479 BC - 1458 BC), she went on a trading expedition towards Punt earning Egypt generous amounts of ivory, ebony, gold, leopard skins, and incense. Besides her knowledgeable skills in trade, she also acquired great recognition through her construction of the great temple, Deir el-Bahri. However, it was very unusual of her to be represented as a male in most images and sculptures. She also ordered to be illustrated as a male pharaoh - which included a fake beard and muscles - in most paintings. Finally, being one of the first female pharaohs to reign, she was able to execute her accomplishments throughout Egypt, effectively, making her one of the most memorable female pharaohs to live.

Cleopatra VII, mostly referred to as Cleopatra, was a beautiful, persuasive and intelligent woman. During her late teens (51 BC - 30 BC), she inherited the power of the throne, making her co-ruler - as well as Ptolemy XIII, her brother - of Egypt. Later, Ptolemy XIII banished Cleopatra from Egypt, which resulted in Cleopatra's romantic relationship with Julius Caesar. Soon after Julius Caesar's death, Cleopatra had a love affair with Mark Antony. Not only was she seductive and charming, but she was also very clever. She was the only one of the Ptolemies to actually speak the Egyptian language, and she was fluent in 9 other different languages. In addition, to strengthen her position as queen, she portrayed herself as a goddess throughout Egypt. Ultimately, her life ended due to a suicidal death; thus, ending the Ptolemaic dynasty.

King Khufu is famous today for his architectural skills in building the Great Pyramid of Giza. During this great building project, it is said that King Khufu used slavery to accomplish this monstrous task, but recent studies have proved that, instead, he was able to unite the people of Egypt, successfully, to complete the immense pyramid. Taking almost 23 years to complete, King Khufu built this enormous pyramid as a burial chamber for himself. As a result of his hard work, it is now known as one of the 7 wonders of the world. Despite his construction of the great pyramid, not much information about his life and achievements have been found. Although he is known for being quite cruel nowadays, the Pyramids of Giza will always live on to tell the story of King Khufu's unification with his people.
2589 BC -2566 BC
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