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The Korean War
Transcript of The Korean War
What Caused the Korean War?
Dean Acheson - Truman's secretary of state
Mark W. Clark - Allied commander in North Africa and Italy during World War II.
John Fosters Dulles - Eisenhower's secretary of state.
James Van Fleet - Army commander who led the D-Day invasion of Utah Beach. Serves as Ridgway's field commander in Korea
Kim II-sung - Communist leader of North Korea.
Douglas C. Mac Arthur - Commanded the UN forces during the first phases of the Korean War.
John Muccio - US ambassaador to South Korea
Matthew Ridgway - Commander of the Eighth Army under MacArthur.
Dean Rusk - John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson's secretary of state.
Peng Teh-haui - Commander of the Chinese Communist "volunteers" in Korea
Maxwell Taylor - US General who pioneered airborne warfare during World War II.
Walton Walker - Lieutenant General ho lad serves under Patton in World War II
The Korean War ended in a stalemate, which is a deadlock between North and South Korea
The Korean Armistice Agreement, signed on July 27, 1953 by American Lieutenant General William Harrison, Jr. and North Korean General Nam Il, paused the war by:
suspending open hostilities
creating a demilitarized zone (DMZ)
releasing of prisoners of war
establishing the Military Armistice Commission (MAC) to ensure adherence to truce terms
This ordered a ceasefire until both sides were able to find a “final peaceful settlement.”
The Korean War never actually ended.
Outcome of the Korean War
Republic of Korea
People's Republic of China
The Korean war began as a civil war between North and South Korea
The war began with 200,000 North Koreans fighting 100,000 South Koreans
Under U.S. leadership, the United Nations joined to support South Korea
People's Republic of China entered to aid North Korea
The Soviet Union’s contribution was small and included medical units from the Soviets’ allies: Hungary,Czechoslovakia, Poland, Bulgaria and Romania
By Annie Khan, Alison Hayes, Anna Samonte, Kyla De Vera, and Nina-Marie Disla
TheKorean War took Place between the years 1950 - 1953
• It officially began when the North Korean communist army crossed the 38th parallel and invaded non-communist South Korea
•Leading a coalition army of about a million troops, General Douglas MacArthur of the United States drove the North Korean forces almost to the Chinese border. This drew China into the conflict, which pushed the UN troops back to South Korea.
•North Korea was also supported by the communist Soviet Union, which was in a “Cold War” with the United States. •MacArthur was fired by U.S. President Harry Truman, and the war dragged on with little progress made on either side. It ended in 1953 with millions dead. The North and South Korean border, along the 38th parallel, wound up in the same condition it was before the war.
A History of The Korean War
Nuclear power is a good deterrent but not a practical weapon
Distinguish between national and international agendas
The use of technology was by all means necessary and EXTREMELY useful
Outcome of the Korean War
Korea was divided into North Korea and South Korea at the 38th Parallel
First practical use of containment
30,000 U.S. service members died
U.S. military expenditure increased four-fold
Demonstrated China's power as a result of their aid to North Korea
Caused many believed that the United Nations was powerful to keep world peace
Both nations suffered from damage to their economies and infrastructure and lost many skilled workers