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Vesa Taatila

on 28 December 2011

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Transcript of FINPINPragmatism

More entrepreneurs are needed Academic entrepreneurship in focus:
Universities should produce more entrepreneurs There is only a small number of academic entrepreneurs
because pedagogical methods and contents do not support
their development Educational philosophy effects the process

Contents and methods vary based on philosophy What should the philosophy be
in order to increase the number
of academic entrepreneurs? Functionalistic paradigm:
Realism Interpretive paradigm:
Pragmatism World of facts
Researcher unveils
Teacher teaches the facts to students Ever-changing world
Researcher interprets the current situation
Students are guided to learn the process of discovery Realism - Pragmatism Teach global
facts Gather situational facts
and act on them Theory-based
learning environments Action-oriented learning
environments Teach knowledge about
the world Learn how to accomplish
authentic tasks Teachers teaches Mentor guides Test: Student gives
back the same facts Test: Student is able to
succeed in practical situation UAS mission is practical (“based on requirements of the working life, co-operation and applied research to support the expectations of working life”) -> pragmatism

Pragmatism gives students
tools to cope in ever-changing
situations that an entrepreneur
is likely to encounter! Pragmatism: "the doctrine that reality possesses practical character” (Dewey 1931, 31) Thinking and doing are different sides of same coin,
totally intertwined:

The world is a set of practical actions
that are born from thinking Strong emphasis on reflective dialogue The "truth" are the set of actions taken
- it is not relevant/true, if no-one acts on it.

“Truth” is situational and personal:
what do you act in a certain situation

Interpretation of the truth must be according
to known facts (known for the interpreter)

Dialogue creates new truths Focuses on constant learning,
the basis of life-long learning -ideology "Real educative process is created by development and growth that takes place in intelligent inquiries of the environment" Seltzer-Kelly 2008, 293-294 Pragmatic teacher? Master the subject "well-enough" Focus on the individual growth
of each student Interactive intervention to contemporary problems
with and by the students

Put student into authentic learning situations Strong pedagogical skills:
"knowledge of the principles upon which all methods are based" McLellan and Dewey 1908, 10 Pragmatic student? Student decides if she
wants to learn. Always! Personal experience on
the situations Create her own
interpretation of
the situation Personal action
after reflective
review Learning-by-Developing Pragmatic educational approach in
Laurea University of applied sciences Five basic principles:
Investigation Laurea Business Ventures (LBV) Bachelor-programme in entrepreneurship and business development Estabished in 2008 Annual take-in of 70 students
+ transfer students Competence-based curriculum defines
learning objectives All learning takes place in authentic
development projects No lectures, no exams, no teaching modules Evaluation based on skills shown in projects Evaluation in co-operation between customer, teacher and student Theoretical knowledge presented as a part of the project Students: + Learning, not teaching
+ Concrete actions
+ A lot of responsibility
+ Personal mentoring
- Lectures are wanted
- A lot of responsibility Partners + Immediate projects
+ Well-motivated students
+ Entrepreneurial attitude
+ Good results
- Some projects are hard to staff
- Some skill-gaps Staff + Focus on a small number of students
+ Evaluation based on authentic projects
+ Constant personal learning
+ Variance at work
- Constantly working in open situations
- More difficult to plan the use of time Innovation Risk-taking Proactiveness Networking Results? Dual model has created a laboratory Traditional universities:

primarily academic research and scientific and artistic education (Finnish Law, act 1997/645, §4).

Educational goals of the universities are research-based, i.e. their task is to do research and educate students with the latest information research has revealed. Universities of Applied Sciences

provide higher professional education based on the requirements of the working life and its development” (Finnish Law, act 2003/351, §4)

Close co-operation with regional economy and organizations and applied research on subjects that support the expectations of working life (Finnish Law, act 2003/351, §4). Two paradigms of social science Scientific process evolves constantly as new data is discovered

World is non-linear complex system that has infinite number of variables -> abductive reasoning

Practical experiments

Interpretation of goals and advantages is in focal point - > human process

goal is to improve life, not to reveal universal facts

Natural world exist despite our interpretation, but what we do
with it is our decision of the multitude of potential actions, Two examples:

1) Semmelweis
2) AIDS Interesting development:
Students' role changes also in research! Funding applications
Program management
Research process
Learn the methods very thoroughly
It all depends on motivation! If pragmatism fits for education for entrepreneurship, does it fit:
the other areas of UASs?
Other subjects of applied science, like teacher training, engineering, physician training regardless of status of the university? Final questions In the end it is a question of the belief of the individual decision maker

Do you think that social world is factual and the code is possible to unravel, or

Do you think that social world is infinitely complex and importance lies in actions? Contact:
Vesa Taatila
Full transcript