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Student Non-violent coordinating committee
Transcript of Student Non-violent coordinating committee
Over the next decade, civil rights activism moved beyond lunch counter sit-ins. In this violently changing political climate, SNCC struggled to define its purpose as it fought white oppression. Out of SNCC came some of today's black leaders, such as former Washington, D.C. mayor Marion Barry, Congressman John Lewis and NAACP chairman Julian Bond.
Together with hundreds of other students, they left a lasting impact on American history.
This site covers the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee from its birth in 1960 to 1966, when John Lewis was replaced by Stokely Carmichael as chairman. This event marks a decided change in philosophy for SNCC, and one that warrants an equal amount of attention. However, we have focused on the first six years of the movement, in order to adequately explore such events as sit-ins, the Freedom Rides and Freedom Summer.
Fighting for their rights "sit-ins"
On February 1,1960, a group of black college students from North Carolina A&T University refused to leave a woolworth's lunch carter in Greensboro , North Carolina where they had been denied service.
This sparked a wave of other sit-ins in college towns across the south.
The black college students
March on Washington
SNCC played a key role in the 1963 March on Washington where Martin Luther King, Jr. gave his famous "I have a dream" speech. A crowd of 200,000 people gathered around the Lincoln memorial in August 1963 to hear speeches by leaders of civil rights organizations, such as John Lewis. However, Lewis' speech sent a different message than King's speech.
March on Washington
While both leaders embraced a desegregated society with equal rights for all, Lewis felt the federal government wasn't doing enough. While others seemed to be celebrating at the march, Lewis was angry and the speech he had prepared reflected it. As the first ceremony of such magnitude ever initiated and dominated by African Americans, the march also was the first to have its nature wholly misconceived in advance. Dominant expectations ran from paternal apprehension to dread.
The Freedom Ballot set the stage for the Mississippi Summer Project, organized primarily by Bob Moses. SNCC worked hard in the winter and spring of 1963-64 preparing for the project, which was an urgent call to action for students in Mississippi to challenge and overcome the white racism in the state of Mississippi.
In the prospectus circulated to college campuses that summer, the mission was stated: "...As the winds of change grow stronger, the threatened political elite of Mississippi becomes more intransigent and fanatical.
The Student Non-violent coordination committee. or SNCC ( pronounced "snick" ), was created on the campus of Shaw University in Raleigh 2 months later to coordinate ,these sit-ins support their leaders, and publicize their activities.
During the Freedom Rides, SNCC members rode buses through the deep southern states where discrimination and segregation were most prominent.
The concept originated in the 1940's with CORE, a non-violent group out of Chicago trying to end racial discrimination. In 1947, responding to a Supreme Court decision outlawing discrimination in interstate travel, CORE sponsored a Freedom Ride that they called a "Journey of Reconciliation." They rode buses throughout much of the upper south and established that most people would not create incident for those choosing to sit where they pleased
In conclusion the SNCC was a group of college students that wanted their black right s so they fought for there right until they got it.