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Transcript of LEAF
Women's Legal Eduction and Action fund
R. v. Rhodes
The accused male, Rhodes, sexually assaulted a woman on the side of a deserted highway
Victim had obvious assault marks and managed to run away from the convicted rapist
Judge Robert Dewar said "sex was in the air", also commented on the way the female victim was dressed and her actions
Comments reflect negative stereotypes on women and places blame on them, not the man at fault
Rhodes given a two year conditional sentence which allows him to be free in the community
Decision of the judge sparked protests in Winnipeg
R. v. D.A.I. (SCC)
LEAF (Women's Legal Education and Action Fund) and DAWN-RAFH (Disabled Women's Network Canada) join together in this case to address the access to justice for women with mental disabilities because they are mainly targeted for sexual assault
Unable to testify if they can't explain the meaning of concepts such as truth, falsehood, and promise
In this case, the victim, K.B, sexually assaulted by step father, D.A.I., for years
K.B. gave video tapped statement to police and evidence
Ability to testify was questioned in court when she was asked to define/ show understanding of "truth", and the judge was unsatisfied with her response therefore said she was not competent to testify
Supreme Court of Canada allowed an appeal and retrial, did not agree with the lower courts' decisions, find it important that survivors of sexual assault have a voice in court
LEAF-DAWN argued that the Canadian Evidence Act must be interpreted in a way that is consistent with equality
R. v. Ryan (SCC)
Nicole Doucet Ryan, mother of two, hires hit man to murder her husband
Husband was threatening, abusive, and violent
Sought protection from third party but police failed to protect her
Arrested by undercover policeman
(Women's Legal Education & Action Fund)
Presented by Koty Negreanu, Francis Tomas, Katherine Klenk, and Tristan Spilak
Worldview - Liberal Feminism
Always - #LikeAGirl
Case goes to Nova Scotia court, then to the Supreme Court
Pleads innocent and that her actions were a result of duress
Controversy over LEAF's intentions
In this case, Leaf defended that “far too many women and children who experienced violence at the hands of their abusive male partners or fathers are not protected by the state”
“R. v. Ryan (SCC) (Judgment, January 18, 2013)." LEAF. N.p., 18 Jan. 2013. Web. 29 Mar. 2015.
Press, The Canadian. "Ex-husband in Hit-man Case Says Courts Were Wrong - Nova Scotia - CBC News." CBCnews. CBC/Radio Canada, 23 Jan. 2013. Web. 29 Mar. 2015.
News, CBC. "Abused Woman in Hit-man Case 'relieved' No New Trial - Nova Scotia - CBC News." CBCnews. CBC/Radio Canada, 18 Jan. 2013. Web. 29 Mar. 2015.
Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 29 Mar. 2015.
"Justice System Scrutinized: Woman Hires Hitman but Goes Free." W5. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Mar. 2015.
"Duress." West's Encyclopedia of American Law. 2005, "duress." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th Ed.. 2014, "duress." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. 2009, T., and "duress." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. 2007. "Duress." Encyclopedia.com. HighBeam Research, 01 Jan. 2005. Web. 29 Mar. 2015.
"Women's Legal Education and Action Fund." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 29 Mar. 2015.
January 18, 2013
February 10, 2012
"Feminist: a person who believes in the social, political, and economic equality of the sexes."
-Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie
approach in achieving gender equality in the public domain
emphasizes the power of an individual person to alter discriminatory practices against women
seeks to establish equal opportunity for women in both education and payment, especially in traditionally male-dominated fields
about creating a matriarchy...
Feminism is about equality,
equal opportunity, and
fighting an institutionalized oppression.
Without feminism, women wouldn't...
have the right to vote
have the same access to education
have the same presence in the workforce
have the right to their own bodies
divorce & abortion
Why we still need feminism today:
inferior incomes in the workforce
the state of femininity in society
perceived as inferior
LEAF: Heroes or Not?
Canadian Organization that promotes women's equality
Main focus is to legally intervene on a case that shows potential to impact women's rights
Uses 2 methods to promote gender equality: education and legal action
Can gain "intervenor status" on a case
Teaches a feminist perspective to courts and legislators
Has intervened in the Supreme Court of Canada
Uses the Canadian charter to promote equality
Has helped improve the law in many areas (violence against women, socio-economic rights, workplace discrimination, etc..)
Dynamic workshops are used to educate
These workshops discuss supreme court cases and teaches about consent, sexual rights and responsibilities
The chance of someone becoming a victim is greatly diminished
Prepares youth for workplace inequality issues
LEAF has proved to be a heroic organization due to their long-term and powerful existence
Has helped advance and strengthen the law
Ensures public understanding through the means of education
Empowers women and gives them a voice by gaining intervenor status
Operates on a very tight budget
Are fighting against a deep-rooted system
(late 19th - early 20th century)
- More opportunity and the basic rights such as
the right to vote
(1960’s - 1990’s)
- Focus about passing the
Equal Rights Amendment to the constitution with equal treatment regardless of sex
(salary equity, etc.)
(mid 1990’s – present)
- post-structuralist interpretation of
gender and sexuality
Phases of Feminism
History of LEAF
– "Equality before the law, but not equality under the law"
- Considered to be the founder of LEAF
- Writer, Activist, Journalist and Editor
- President of the Canadian Advisory Council on the Status of Women (1979)
– The Ad Hoc committee was formed and began working on “Women and the Constitution” and section 15 of charter of rights and freedom based on two principles:
“Every individual is equal before and under the law and has the right to equal protection and equal benefit of the law without discrimination” and that discrimination could not occur “based on race, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, sex, age or mental or physical disability.”
April 17, 1982
– The Canadian Constitution reviewed section 15
April 17, 1985
– Section 15 successfully adapted in the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedom.
Aprils 19, 1985
– LEAF was founded
November 3, 2011
"Rape Victim 'inviting,' so No Jail." - Winnipeg Free Press. Web. 31 Mar. 2015.
"R. v. Rhodes (Man. C.A.) (Motion for Leave to Intervene Nov. 3, 2011)." LEAF. 3 Nov. 2011. Web. 31 Mar. 2015.
"R. v. D.A.I. (SCC) (Judgment February 10th, 2012)." LEAF. 10 Feb. 2012. Web. 1 Apr. 2015.
"Case Comment: R. v D.A.I., Supreme Court Protects Rights of Intellectually Disabled." Case Comment: R. v D.A.I., Supreme Court Protects Rights of Intellectually Disabled. Web. 1 Apr. 2015.
"Liberal Feminism." About Education.
http://womenshistory.about.com/od/glossary/a/Liberal-Femisnism.htm. Accessed on 20 Mar., 2015. Web.
"Timeline of Women's Rights (other than voting)." Wikipedia.
Accessed on 30 Mar., 2015. Web.
"The Facts About Violence Against Women." Canadian Women's Foundation.
http://www.canadianwomen.org/facts-about-violence. Accessed on 30 Mar., 2015. Web.
Women's Legal Education and Action Fund (LEAF).
. 1985. Accessed 20 Mar., 2015. Web
Rampton, Marta. "The Three Waves of Feminism." The Three Waves of Feminism. N.p., 23 Oct. 2014. Web. 31 Mar. 2015.
"Doris Hilda Anderson." The Canadian Encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 31 Mar. 2015.