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Renaissance, Reformation, and Scientific Revolution!

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george washington

on 8 November 2014

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Transcript of Renaissance, Reformation, and Scientific Revolution!

Scientific Revolution
The
Scientific Revolution
was a great push into for the future because lot's of people discovered new things that helped us in our everyday life. Also scientists started to question
authority
, authority is the power to give orders and make decisions, because the Catholic Church had so much authority it was sometimes unfair. Nicholas Copernicus'
hypothesis
turned out to be true, hypothesis is a guess which most of the time becomes true. Galileo built the first telescope and saw valleys, mountains, and craters on the moon. Isaac Newton found out what's the motion of the whole universe. The most important thing is that they developed a
scientific

method
which is still used by modern scientists nowadays, a scientific method is when you test your hypothesis.
Martin Luther
Martin Luther was a German monk. He was famous for his 95 theses which he hammered to the Catholic's church door. He had also started the Reformation, Reformation is a fight against the Catholic church and the Protestant Church. He was the founder of the Protestant Church. He also translated the Bible from Latin to German. He was a great leader.
Counter Reformation
The cause of the Counter Reformation were how the Catholic's church corruption responded to Martin Luther's achievements. What the Catholic church did was that they got a group of people called
jesuits
, jesuits are people who help the Catholic church spread the faith and to help poor people or people in need. The jesuits also slowed the Protestant church down. The Counter Reformation was very hard for the Protestant Church.

Reformation
The
Reformation
is a big fight between Martin Luther and the Catholic Church. It all started when Martin Luther visited Rome and saw the sale of the of indulgences,
indulgences
are the act of selling tickets and telling that if you buy the tickets you'll pass through the purgatory way faster than you should. So what he did is hammered the 95 theses which left the church in corruption and unstableness. He later got enough supporters to build a church, the supporters were called
Protestants
, Protestants are people who believe in Christianity but do no belong in the Catholic church. After that he went through the
inquisition
, the inquisition is a room where all the trials and punishments from the Catholic church were made and then he was
excommunicated
form the church, to excommunicate is to ban someone from all Christian Churches. The Reformation was a very complicated and cruel period of time.
Renaissance
The Renaissance was a period of time that was influenced by the ancient times. The Renaissance brought back the philosophy, the sciences, and the art. People also discovered and studied anatomy. But the most important influence that the Renaissance gave was the conflict between the Catholic Church. The humanists criticized the Catholic Church because Thomas More had published his book called Utopia, there were lot's of ideas about what the Catholic church did and some of them were bad. Once people started reading this book they became more and more curious and frustrated with the church because in some of the parts they believed to be true. The Renaissance was a very helpful yet a very unstable period of time.

Renaissance, Reformation, and Scientific Revolution!
Galileo Galilei
Galileo Galilei was an astronomer. He was the first person to build a telescope as well as the first person to look at the galaxy. He also determined that Nicholas Copernicus' observation was correct, it was true that the sun was in the middle of the Solar System, not the earth. When Galileo wrote a book about his discoveries, the Catholic church put him under a
house

arrest
and also made him deny his observations, a house arrest is when you're kept as a prisoner at your own house.
Maps
The maps shown below are being compared because one of them is our current map showing the religions and the other one is showing where were the religions in the historic times.
Historic map
Current map
Timeline
This is the timeline from the 1300s to late 1600s.
1300s
In the 1300s Europeans think differently. They develop arts, science, philosophy. This time is called the Renaissance.
1456

The printing press was made by Johann Gutenberg.
In 1400, a new movement called humanism grew out of the Renaissance in Italy. People wanted to think more about the world than about heaven. The criticized the church ceremonies and the church for being too concerned with making money. These ideas were shown in the writing's of Erasmus, Thomas More and William Shakespeare.
1500s
In the 1500s the reformation began. It started with Martin Luther who disliked church's rules and indulgences.
1521
In 1521, Pope Leo X excommunicated Luther, he was no member of the Catholic Church. The church split. People who supported Martin Luther were called Protestants. They developed their church and translated the Bible to German.
1534

In 1543, the king of England, Henry VIII split with the Catholic Church when the pope would not grant him a divorce. He made himself the head of a separate church, the Church of England known as Anglican Church.
1530s

In the 1530s a Counter Reformation made by the Catholic Church to slow down the Protestant Reformation. The Catholic Church made some reforms and used a court, the Inquisition, to test people's religious beliefs.
1543-1600

1543-1600, the Scientific Revolution scientists questioned authority. They used the scientific method to test their new ideas.
1543
In 1543 Nicholas Copernicus had an idea, that Earth and all the planets revolve around the sun.
Early 1600s
In the early 1600s, an Italian scientist named Galileo built a telescope and studied the stars and planets. He proved that Copernicus was right.
1632
In 1632, Galileo wrote a book about his discoveries. The Church made Galileo deny his discoveries about the Earth and the sun and put him under house arrest till the rest of his life.
Late 1600s
In the late 1600s, Isaac Newton discovered the law of gravity, which explained why planets stay in their position.
1400
John Calvin
John Calvin was a French Protestant theologian and reformer. After John Calvin flew to Switzerland he established a new government and spread protestantism all over Geneva as well as his Theological system, “Calvinism”. It was a new religion born, unfortunately he became a very cruel person and he started to believe in salvation, the act of making a person pay of for their sins so eventually they were executed. He would kill 78 people per year which was very wrong but there was no way to stop him because he had so much power. When John Calvin died Theodore Beza continued to rule the government.

Image Bibliography
Isaac Newton was a mathematician, astronomer, philosopher, physicist, and scientist. What Isaac Newton mostly concentrated on was astronomy he was the first person to discovered the 3 rules which helped him to find out the motion of the whole universe. These 3 rules still help us nowadays. He called the motion “an ellipse”.

Isaac Newton
Nicholas Copernicus
Nicholas Copernicus was an astronomer during the Renaissance. He discovered that the earth isn’t in the middle of the Solar System, it’s the sun that’s in the middle of the Solar System. No one believed him at that time because the Catholic Church was determined that the earth was in the middle of the Solar System. What he mainly did was write books about astronomy and his discovery.

Henry VIII
Henry the VIII was a great part of the European Reformation. He was the king of England at the time of the Reformation. He became the supreme head of the Christian Church after that the Christian Church was separated and the main church became the Catholic Church. So he’s mainly famous for the participation of the separation of the Christian Church. His wives were also a big part of the european reformation because he married them to become friends with the other royalty from other countries so there would be no wars between them.

Leonardo da Vinci
Leonardo da Vinci was an amazing influence on our modern day life as well as the Renaissance. His observations and inventions were written in 13000 pages with notes and drawings. His drawings include designs for flying machines (some 400 years before the Wright Brothers success), plant studies, war machinery, anatomy, and architecture. His drawings and explanations of the human body were the first ever recorded. He also made 400 inventions. He sketched inventions that were made centuries after his time. He was a humanist he studied the human body and sketched it so it would look like a person's organs, muscles, nerves, and many other things.

Leonardo da Vinci was an amazing influence on our modern day life as well as the Renaissance. His observations and inventions were written in 13000 pages with notes and drawings. His drawings include designs for flying machines (some 400 years before the Wright Brothers success), plant studies, war machinery, anatomy, and architecture. His drawings and explanations of the human body were the first ever recorded. He also made 400 inventions. He sketched inventions that were made centuries after his time. He was a humanist he studied the human body and sketched it so it would look like a person's organs, muscles, nerves, and many other things.

Bibliography
http://www.biography.com/
History of Our World Book
http://dictionary.reference.com/
http://www.biography.com/people/henry-viii-9335322
http://www.biography.com/people/isaac-newton-9422656
http://www.biography.com/people/galileo-9305220
http://www.biography.com/people/nicolaus-copernicus-9256984
http://www.biography.com/people/martin-luther-9389283
http://www.biography.com/people/john-calvin-9235788
http://www.biography.com/people/leonardo-da-vinci-40396
http://www.biography.com/people/william-shakespeare-9480323


Renaissance: http://libraryschool.libguidescms.com/content.php?pid=590343&sid=4866678
Reformation: http://www.reformationtheology.com/history/
Counter Reformation: http://castinet.castilleja.org/users/pmckee/culture_civilizations/reformation4.html
Scientific Revolution: http://www.glogster.com/fcomputadora/scientific-revolution/g-6lh8s6a44p18efprrml3ja0
Martin Luther: http://www.biography.com/people/martin-luther-9389283
Galileo Galilei: http://www.crystalinks.com/galileo.html
Historic Mao: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:EuropeMajorReligions.png
Current Map : http://www.globalpost.com/dispatch/news/culture-lifestyle/world-religion/140715/map-most-religious-places
John Calvin: http://www.calvin500.com/john-calvin/biography/
Isaac Newton: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isaac_Newton
Nicholas Copernicus: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nicolaus_Copernicus
Henry VIII: http://www.elbowbeachcycles.com/the-henry-viii-in-bermuda/
Leonardo da Vinci: http://www.biography.com/people/leonardo-da-vinci-40396
William Shakespeare: http://www.biography.com/people/william-shakespeare-9480323

Definitions

1. Authority: It's the power to give orders or make decisions.
2. Scientific Method: A method of making observations and making hypothesis.
3. Reformation: A movement in the 1600 century which established the Protestant Church, and slowed the Catholic Church.
4. Jesuits: Jesuits are people who helped the Catholic Church spread their faith.
5.Excommunicate: To ban someone from the Christian Church.
6. Inquisition: A trial made for people who didn't follow the Christian belief.
7. Protestants: People who are Christian but do not belong in the Catholic Church.
8. Scientific Revolution: It was modern science during the early periods of time.
9. House Arrest: The act of making someone being kept as a prisoner at their own house.
9. Hypothesis: A proposed explanation which is way farther than an estimation.
10. Indulgences: The act as selling people tickets and tell that if they buy it they'll pass through purgatory way faster than they should.
Reformation: A 16th-century movement for the reform of abuses in the Roman Church ending in the establishment of the Reformed and Protestant Churches.
Indulgences: The act or practice of indulging; gratification of desire.
Protestants: Any Western Christian who is not an adherent of a Catholic, Anglican, or Eastern Church.
Excommunicate: To cut off from communion with a church or exclude from the sacraments of a church by ecclesiastical sentence.



Jesuits: a member of a Roman Catholic religious order (Society of Jesus) founded by Ignatius of Loyola in 1534.

Scientific Revolution: The period of great advances in the sciences, roughly 1500-1700
Authority: the power to determine, adjudicate, or otherwise settle issues or disputes; jurisdiction; the right to control, command, or determine.
Hypothesis: a proposition, or set of propositions, set forth as an explanation for the occurrence of some specified group of phenomena, either asserted merely as a provisional conjecture to guide investigation (working hypothesis) or accepted as highly probable in the light of established facts.
Scientific Method:a method of research in which a problem is identified, relevant data are gathered, a hypothesis is formulated from these data, and the hypothesis is empirically tested.
House Arrest: confinement of an arrested person to his or her residence or to a public place, as a hospital, instead of in a jail.
William Shakespeare
William Shakespeare was a humanist. Many people think he was the greatest English writer of all time because during the Renaissance he wrote plays that are still played all over the world. Most of the humanists criticized the Catholic church that’s why William Shakespeare did as well. William Shakespeare’s characters in his plays reflect to the people in everyday life which makes sense why he’s a humanist. He was the first person to mix tragedy with comedy. He also combined ancient tragedies with the history from England. William Shakespeare’s plays reflect the influence of the renaissance movement.
By: Liza Tabachnik
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