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The Great Gatsby: Chapter 9 Presentation
Transcript of The Great Gatsby: Chapter 9 Presentation
Table of Contents
2. Character Development
5. Socio-historical Importance
6. Literary Devices
7. Literary Modernism
8. Quotations and Significances
"It was Gatsby's father, a solemn old man, very helpless and dismayed, bundled up in a long cheap ulster against the warm September day."
“When a man gets killed I never like to get mixed up in it in any way. I keep out.”
"I called up about was a pair of shoes I left there. I wonder if it'd be too much trouble to have the butler send them on."
Tom and Daisy
"I called up Daisy half an hour after we found him, called her instinctively and without hesitation. But she and Tom had gone away early that afternoon, and taken baggage with them."
"When I had finished she told me without comment that she was engaged to another man."
Henry C. Gatz
“I’m thirty, I’m five years to old to lie to myself and call it honour.”
"Someone with a positive manner, perhaps a detective, used the expression "madman" as he bent over Wilson's body that afternoon,"
The Decline of the American Dream
"I spent my Saturday nights in New York because those gleaming, dazzling parties of his were with me so vividly that I could still hear the music and the laughter, faint and incessant, from his garden, and the cars going up and down his drive." (Gatsby 170).
Corruption and Moral Decay
“A rope stretched across the main gate and a policeman by it kept out the curious, but little boys soon discovered that they could enter through my yard, and there were always a few of them clustered open-mouthed about the pool.” (Gatsby 155)
“I am part of that, a little solemn with the feel of those long winters, a little complacent from growing up in the Carraway house in a city where dwellings are still called through decades by a family's name. I see now that this has been a story of the West, after all-Tom and Gatsby, Daisy and Jordan and I, were all Westerners, and perhaps we possessed some deficiency in common which made us subtly unadaptable to Eastern life” (Gatsby 167).
Hollowness of the Upper Class
Appearance vs. Reality
“He had shown it so often that I think it was more real to him now than the house itself” (Gatsby 163).
“Blessed are the dead that the rain falls on” (Gatsby 166)
"A solemn old man, very helpless and dismayed, bundled up in a long cheap ulster against the warm September day." (Gatsby 158)
The Green Light
"Very well. Had you seen him lately?""He come out to see me two years ago and bought me the house I live in now. Of course we was broke up when he run off from home," (Gatsby 163).
“Most of the shore places were closed now and there were hardly any lights except the shadowy, moving glow of a ferryboat across the Sound” (Gatsby 171).
"In the foreground, four solemn men in dress suits are walking along the sidewalk with the stretcher on which lies a drunken woman in a white evening dress." (Gatsby 167).
"The minister glanced several times at his watch, so I took him aside and asked him to wait for half an hour. But it wasn’t any use. Nobody came." (Gatsby 165)
“The first part of this was obviously untrue, for someone had begun to whistle ‘The Rosary’, tunelessly, inside.”(Gatsby 161)
"I didn't hear the rest of the name because I hung up the receiver." (Gatsby 161).
is shown when Nick refers to the world as “unknown.” This expresses that there is no proper acknowledgment of the purpose of the world. It shows that humans are oblivious to the fact that they are struggling to survive in an unknown, hostile world.
The American Dream
is shown through Gatsby’s dream of being with Daisy. People spend all their lives trying to accomplish this ‘dream’ the same way that Gatsby spent most of his life trying to find Daisy.
The World Series
in 1919 is said to have been fixed by Meyer Wolfshiem in the novel. Fitzgerald related Wolfshiem to Arnold Rothstein who fixed the actual historical event.
The American Legion
is a veterans’ organization in 1919 that Wolfshiem pulled Gatsby into to when he realized he was educated at Oxford. This organization is the root of 11111 monetary success.
Paradox of white:
“lies a drunken woman in a white evening dress” (Gatsby 167). There is a contradiction between the drunken woman wearing a white dress that symbolizes purity, cleanliness, and innocence while intoxicated. Her actions are impure and show her lack of innocence.
Allusion to pasquinade:
“I thought the whole tale would shortly be served up in racy pasquinade – but Catherine, who might have said anything, didn’t say a word.”(Gatsby 155). It criticizes the legal system since Catherine is providing false testimony knowing who Gatsby was and that Myrtle was having an affair with him and the judge believed it.
Allusion to ulster:
“It was Gatsby’s father, a solemn old man, very helpless and dismayed, bundled up in a long cheap Ulster against the warm September day.” (Gatsby 158). This shows that Gatsby had potential in becoming the figure of the hardworking and helpful James Gatsby.
Hopalong Cassidy Allusion:
This makes reference to a book that Gatsby would read when he was younger about a cowboy hero from the West. It was what inspired him to succeed in life. His father says, “Jimmy was bound to get ahead.” (Gatsby 164). Is it ironic because Mr. Gatz is unaware of how Gatsby gained his fortunes.
Allusion to James J Hill:
Mr Gatz is comparing both Gatsby and James J Hill because Mr Gatz believes Gatsby has gained his wealth by working hard and being ambitious just like James J Hill. James J. Hill rose to be a wealthy and powerful man from his working-class background came from building much of the railroad system.
Ironic Allusion to the Swastika Holding Company:
The fact that Meyer Wolfshiem’s business is named “The Swastika Holding Company” and he has a “lovely Jewess working for him” is ironic since swastika is an anti-Semitic association and Wolfshiem appears to be Jewish.
Allusion to El Greco’s Painting:
After Gatsby’s death, Nick says he sees East Egg as a “night scene by El Greco” (Gatsby 167). Fitzgerald makes reference to this artist in order to emphasize how Nick views East Egg as a dark, depressing place.
- No beginning, middle, or end
- Distorted human condition
- Pessimistic view
- Self improvement
1. “Gatsby believed in the green light, the orgastic future that year by year receded before us. It eluded us then, butt that’s no matter- tomorrow we will run faster, stretch out our arms further…And one fine morning- So we beat on, boats against the current, borne back ceaselessly into the past.” (Gatsby 171)
2. “I called up Daisy half an hour after we found him, called her instinctively and without hesitation. But she and Tom had gone away early that afternoon, and taken baggage with them.” (Gatsby 156)
3. “You said a bad driver was only safe until she met another bad driver? Well, I met another bad driver, didn’t I? I mean it was careless of me to make such a wrong guess. I thought you were rather an honest, straightforward person. I thought it was your secret pride.” (Gatsby 168)
4. “When we pulled out into the winter night and the real snow, our snow, began to stretch out beside us and twinkle against the windows, and the dim lights of small Wisconsin stations moved by, a sharp wild brace came suddenly into the air. We drew in deep breaths of it as we walked back from dinner through the cold vestibules, unutterably aware of our identity with this country for one strange hour, before we melted indistinguishably into it again.” (Gatsby 166-167)
5. “Young Parke’s in trouble,” he said rapidly. “They picked him up when he handed the bonds over the counter. They got a circular from New York giving ’em the numbers just five minutes before. What d’you know about that, hey? You never can tell in these hick towns——” (Gatsby 158)
By: Samuel Ayisi, Krista Babwah, Ashley Joy Manansala
"He knew he had a big future in front of him. And ever since he made a success he was very generous with me."
Allusion of Jesus resurrecting:
“It was on the third day” (158) a religious allusion of the resurrection of James Gatz and how James Gatz had real dream of self – improvement and success and not like Gatsby who dreamt of materialism and luxury
- Catherine convinces herself and reporters that her sister was happy with her husband and myrtle had no mischief whatever
- His dad saying “I see now there was a reason for it. He knew he had a big future in front of him” and handing him the book of Holalong Cassidy
- “But of this part of it seemed remote and unessential” (155) this characterizes Mr. Wilson, it further reveals the truth that Gatsby’s murder was accidental and the irony of Catherine’s testimony on Myrtle. This also shows how Nick is an unreliable narrator once again
- Dan Cody and Wolfsheim
- The comparison between East Egg and Midwest and West Egg