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In Vitro Fertilization

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Jasmine Jones

on 2 April 2015

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Transcript of In Vitro Fertilization

Success Rates
Donor eggs had the best success rates.
In Vitro Fertilization
By: Jasmine, Sunlieta, Chandra, Jacqueline

Why would IVF be an option?
*Female infertility
*Can aid in male sperm count and strength quality infertilities
*Blocked fallopian tubes
*Uterus obstructions
*Women who have undergone tubal litigation
*Abnormal ovulation
*Edometriosis - cells that are supposed to grow in the uterus that aid in embryo attaching to uterine walls is absent; may grow in other parts of the body
*abnormal cervical mucus
Reasons Responsible for IVF treatment
This graph displays the most common reasons as to why a woman would seek out IVF.
Advantages of using IVF Treatment
* For couples with infertility problems, IVf has the benefit of boosting the odds of getting pregnant.
*Helpful for women with blocked fallopian tubes or for men with low sperm count.
*For women that can't produce their own eggs, they have a chance to use donor eggs.
*IVF has cut down the percent of surgeries on women's fallopian tubes by 50%.
Disadvantages of the IVF Treatment
* The cost of IVF is very expensive; each cycle costs an average of ten grand.
*It is a chance that the woman will have multiple births; maybe even twins because there is more than one embryo that is inserted.
*It can have some negative effects on the mother and the child's health.
*Within IVF, an ectopic pregnancy can still occur. (which is when the embryo grows inside the fallopian tubes; About 2 to 5 percent of women who use IVF will have an ectopic pregnancy )
* For ethical morals, not all the fertilized eggs are being used so some thinks it is a waste of time.
*It is a controversial argument about whether it is right or wrong for people with religious values.
*Destroying social structures.
In Vitro Fertilization is the fertilization of an embryo in an external laboratory environment. This process takes the ova (egg) from a woman's ovaries and uses cleansed sperm to fertilize the egg, and stays in a body temperature moderated Pitre dish, and is returned to the uterus in hopes that it will implant on the uterine wall and grow.
Statistics of IVF
IVF success rates with fresh embryos
Women under 35: 46.3 %
Women 35-37: 38.4 %
Women 38-40: 27.5 %
Women 41-42: 16.6 %
Women 42: 6.5 %
IVF success rates with frozen embryos
Women under 35: 39.3 %
Women 35-37: 35.7 %
Women 38-40: 30.3 %
Women 41-42: 24.5 %
Women 42: 16.5 %
*There is approximately a 55 percent live birth rate when using fresh embryos from donor eggs. When using frozen embryos, 2011 IVF statistics show the live birth rate is about 36 percent.
*Miscarriage rates typically range from about 15 percent for a 20-year-old woman to over 50 percent for women over 40.
*Approximately 30 percent of patients undergoing ovarian stimulation in preparation for IVF experience a mild case of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS).
Brief History of IVF Treatment
*1968: Success With in Vitro Fertilization
Edwards, who has decided to try and implant fertilized eggs back into previously infertile women, meets Patrick Steptoe at a London gathering of the Royal Society of Medicine. Steptoe is a gynecologist in Oldham, England, who has developed a new technique of abdominal surgery called laparoscopy that may allow the retrieval of a mature human egg. Edwards and Steptoe agree to join forces and are able to fertilize human eggs in vitro.
*March 1, 1980: America's First IVF Clinic Opens
The Joneses’ clinic opens to widespread press coverage, but by the end of the year, none of its first 23 IVF implants has resulted in a pregnancy. Georgeanna Jones then tries putting her patients on fertility drugs.
June 23, 1980
Australia's first test tube baby, Candice Elizabeth Reed, is born.
April 17, 1981: 1981-1987
Jones’ patient Judy Carr is implanted with a fertilized egg on her 28th birthday.
October 2, 1981
Samantha Steel, a test tube baby born to American parents, is born in England.
December 28, 1981
At 7:46am local time, Elizabeth Jordan Carr, America’s first test tube baby, is born by Caesarean section.
In vitro fertilization has become a mainstream medical technology, albeit one reserved mostly for patients who can afford the expensive treatments. There are some half a million test tube babies in the world, and about 450 IVF clinics in the United States alone.

Evelyn getting IVF on BBWs
Video Clip:
How does IVF works?
The Risk of IVF
*Premature delivery and low birth weight
*Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome.
*Egg-retrieval procedure complications(Use of an aspirating needle to collect eggs could possibly cause bleeding, infection, or damage to the bowel, bladder or a blood vessel.)
*Birth defects
*Ovarian cancer.
Video Clip:
Success Story
Full transcript