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Anne Roe’s Personality Theory of Career Choice

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Mark Boland

on 10 November 2016

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Transcript of Anne Roe’s Personality Theory of Career Choice

Anne Roe
Anne Roe believed that childhood experiences either reinforce or weaken higher-order needs and thereby influence career choices and developments
Anne Roe's Personality Theory of Career Choice By: Mark Boland
Personality Theory
Maslow's Hierarchy of Basic Needs
Roe's Occupational Groups
1. Service
Classification Levels
The eight occupational categories were then subdivided into six classification levels based on degree of responsibility and ability
Roe's system of classification and categorization has proved useful as a framework for organizing, in a meaningful way, a multitude of occupations. Anne Roe's work has had an impact on interest test development and career research.
Personality Theory
Personality Theories emphasize the relationship between the personality traits of the individual and their influences on career choice.
This relationship will affect career choice and future aspirations
Roe & Holland based their theory off of Maslow's Hierarchy of basic Psychological Needs
2. Business Contact
3. Organization
4. Technology
5. Outdoor
6. Science
7. Culture
8. Arts & Entertainment
1. Professional and managerial (Independent Responsibility)
2. Professional and Managerial (Less Independence and Responsibility
3. Semiprofessional and Small Buissiness
4. Skilled 5. Semiskilled
6. Unskilled
Results and Impact
Orientation : Psychodynamic
Further Research
"When I wanted to cover the whole gamut of occupations, I obviously had to have some kind of classification. The only ones I was Acquainted with were the various census classifications, which were just psychological nonsense. I then turned to studies of interest, and the kinds of classifications that evolved from those. I began to think about how interests could be used as psychological basis for classifications. I literally got out slips of paper and wrote on them groups of occupations that seemed to fit together, ordered by the nature o interpersonal relationships. That seemed to me to make quite a lot of sense, but it took me a number of months before a classification worked out." - Anne Roe
(Wrrenn, 1985, pp. 272)
Wrenn, R. L. (1985). The Evolution of Anne Roe. Journal Of Counseling & Development, 63(5), 267.
Niles, S.G. & Harris-Bowlsbey, J. (2013): Career development interventions in the 21st Century (4th Edition). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Merrill Prentice Hall.
Roe's theory points to the role of parents and the influence of a person's needs structure in the career development processes.
Variability in parental style and early life environments have made this theory begin to fade from current career developmental literature
The child-rearing environments to which children are exposed shape early childhood experiences. Roe Identified three primary modes of child-rearing or environments which children are exposed:
1. Emotional concentration
2. Avoidance
3. Acceptance
Gibson, R. L., & Mitchell, M. (2006). Introduction to career counseling for the 21st century. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson/Merrill Prentice Hall.
Gibson & Mitchell, 2006
Gibson & Mitchell, 2006
Gibson & Mitchell, 2006
Gibson & Mitchell, 2006
Gibson & Mitchell, 2006
Gibson & Mitchell, 2006
Niles & Harris, 2013
People choose occupational fields based on their need structures, which were influenced by the childhood environments that they experienced. The level of one's occupation is influenced by factors such as the person's generic structure and socioeconomic background.
Niles & Harris, 2013
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